19th Century European Imperialism Data Based Essay; Identify And Explain The Political, Economic, And Social Causes Of European Imperialism In The 19th Century

3260 words - 14 pages

INDO PAK RELATIONS POST MUMBAI ATTACKSPAK- INDIA RELATION AFTER POST MUMBAI ATTACK.INTRODUCTION:Since from independence of Pakistan, relations between Pakistan and India remain hostile. The two countries have fought three wars since independence and, although, new governments and leaders come into power, but they did not able to resolve the issues which are hurdles in the way of good neighborly and friendly relations. Pakistan's friendly relation offers not welcomed from Indian governments particularly in early phases. It means that India was against to the very survival of Pakistan and was not ready to see the existence of Pakistan as a sovereign state. In 1971 India played an active role ...view middle of the document...

There is a vast difference in the perceptions of the two countries about their role in establishing peace and order in the region. From the beginning India did everything possible to weaken Pakistan. It refused to give Pakistan its due share of financial assets, military hard- wares and even the water of canals over which Pakistan enjoys historic rights. Then emerged Kashmir issue. The principles which brought freedom to Pakistan, as to India, involved their application in the same manner in Kashmir. 2The trouble began when the Hindu Maharaja acceded the state, with an overwhelming Muslim majority, to India without taking into account the wishes of its population. Applying the same principle in its favor in Junagarh, India used brute forced to undo the decision of its Muslim Maharaja to accede his state, having a Hindu majority, to Pakistan. This goes to prove that India has double standards as far as her neighbors are concerned. It was India's unfair behavior that gave birth to the Kashmir dispute. The state of Jammu and Kashmir has not added much to India's security or economy but has made Pakistan's defense vulnerable. Pakistan's only road and railway line, linking Lahore with Peshawar, run parallel to the Kashmir border and distance between them is very short for many miles. Kashmir's only all weather road leads to Rawalpindi. Kashmir is. The All India Congress Committee in its resolution accepting partition stated: "Geography and mountains and the seas fashioned India as she is, and no human agency can change that shape or come in the way of her final destiny. Economic circumstances and the demands of international affairs make the unity of India still more necessary". The Hindu Mahasabha was more frank and said: "India is one and indivisible and there will never be peace unless and until the separated areas are brought back into the Indian Union and made it its integral parts. 3Improvement in relation: The delicate nature of the unresolved disputes between Pakistan and India has always compelled them to move towards peace after conflict. Opting for the peace process this time was a necessity for these nuclear rivals to avoid a fourth war or any other major setback. The ongoing peace process is similar to those pursued in the past and the outcome of these talks is expected to be the same. However, even if it takes more time to change the course of relations between the two countries, the dialogue remains to be the only viable option for the mutual settlement of their disputes. To assess Pakistan-India relations in the post-9/11 scenario, and keeping in view the importance of the subject, this study analyzes the recent period from crisis to confidence building between the two states.Prime Minister Vajpayee's offer was welcomed by Pakistan which further led to the resumption of the postponed Lahore-Delhi bus service on 11 July. This move earned the support of the public on both sides of the border as the people of the two countries started...

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