1.1. Identify the main types of state and independent schools.
In the UK, they are two different types of schools, the once which are maintain by the state and known as State Funded Schools, and the Independent Schools, which are not maintain by the state.
State Funded Schools or Mainstream School are schools in England than provide education to children and young adults between the ages of 3 and 18 without charge. This includes:
• Community Schools.
• Foundation Schools.
• Voluntary Aided Schools.
• Voluntary Controlled School.
• Free Schools.
• Specialist Schools.
• State Boarding Schools.
The Office for Standards in Education (Ofsted) regularly inspects all ...view middle of the document...
It also employs the school’s staff and it is responsible for the school’s admissions and owns the school’s lands and buildings. Business or religious groups do not influence Community Schools.
In the Community schools children receive free education and parents are not obligated to contribution with the cost of the outings, as the school could ask for a voluntary contribution for any of the yearly outings expenses than the schools could take in relation with the National Curriculum. However, not children can be excluded for the activity if the voluntary contribution is not made.
On the other hand, the school can ask parents for a contribution on any activity taken by the child, before or after school hours; and that is not in relation with the National Curriculum, such as swimming, or singing practices.
• Foundation and Trust school.
Foundations schools are similar than Community Schools, where the Local Authorities finances the school and the Governing Body employs the staff and set admissions criteria, but the lands and buildings are usually own by a charitable foundation or by governing body.
Many of those schools were formerly Grant Maintained schools, but in 2005, the government proposed allowing all schools to become Foundation schools it they wished.
Grant maintained schools were state schools in England and Wales between 1988 and 1998 that had opted out of local government control, to be funded directly by grant from central government. Some of these had selective admissions procedures.
Grant maintained schools were allowed to set their own admissions criteria, which were sometimes at variance with those applied by the LEA. Some schools become more selective, such as Grammar schools, which other introduced partial selection and some practices selection by interview.
Grant maintained schools were entitled to apply to central government for capital grants for essential building works.
Grant maintained status was abolished by the School Standards and Framework Act 1998. Those schools that previously have been voluntary aided or which have private sponsors, normally returned to voluntary aided status, while others became foundations schools. However, schools could choose a different status and became voluntary controlled or community schools.
After the abolition of grant maintained schools, the only remaining schools directly funded by central government were the City Technology Colleges.
Trust schools are similar than Foundation schools which forms a charitable trust with an outside partner.
The decision to become a Trust school is taken by the Governing body with parents having a say also.
The lands are owned by a trust, which may include commercial organisations.
• Voluntary aided school (VA).
A voluntary aided school is a state funded school in England and Wales in which the foundation or trust (usually a religious organisation), contributes to building costs and has a substantial influences in the running of...