301— Understanding the principles and practices of assessments
301.1 Understand the principles and requirements of assessment.
Ongoing assessment in learning and development during the length of a learner’s course or training allows the assessor and learner to monitor their progress and development. The initial assessment will be used to ensure a learner’s suitability to undertake the course and will take into account the learners previous training/qualifications, current position and job description and may include their future aims or aspirations and the operating requirements of learner’s employers. Formative assessment or on going checks throughout the length of a course provide the ...view middle of the document...
e. City & Guilds) that the criteria is being met and correctly awarded by an assessor.
Authentic - A learner must be able to substantiate the evidence they have provided and that it is their own work and is relating to their own knowledge or abilities. Any information or details provided are true and legitimate.
Sufficient - The evidence supplied must be ample and be in enough detail to cover all aspects of the assessment criteria. Certain tasks may require specific evidence and enough evidence should be provided to demonstrate competence and understanding.
Current - Skills, understanding and knowledge that a learner can demonstrate are required as part of their role at the time of assessment. Evidence provided should relate to activities and areas of the work a learner is required to undertake so an assessor can assess their current level of competence.
It is important as an assessor not to allow your own views or opinions to affect the judgements made, when undertaking assessments in order to see the views, knowledge and abilities of the learner in an unbiased and neutral viewpoint. An assessor must judge evidence in a fair manner, make decisions consistently and interpreting the required assessment criteria in the same manner. Fairness also implies that assessments provide a reliable measure of each student’s performance in a given subject so that, if they were to be repeated, very similar results would be obtained. Transparency is important to ensure that everyone involved in the process clearly understands what is expected and can see that nothing untoward is taking place. This includes the assessors understanding of the assessment requirements and those of the learners. Evidence records and assessment decisions must also be a true reflection of what has occurred and taken place.
As an assessor, you are required to make informed judgements about what the learners may demonstrate, in line with the requirements of the awarding body’s criteria and to ensure the criteria is completed to the required standard to ensure the learner successfully gains qualification. An assessor must ensure that they are familiar with all of the criteria and aware of any amendments or changes to criteria. To ensure the evidence provided by learners is appropriate, the assessor will require a degree of knowledge, experience and/or expertise of the area in which the learner is training or working.
The assessments carried out may need to be tailored to the abilities and working routine of a learner. Some learners may need to receive assessment plans or under take assessment questions or projects at slower rate or need more time to complete these tasks. An assessor will need to recognise areas where a learner may require some training, guidance or experience of undertaking certain tasks or knowledge before they can be assessed. The assessor should communicate the requirements of the criteria or assessments to the learners, this may be carried during observation...