Describe the reasons for US entry in WWI. What new sorts of warfare emerged from this conflict? What led to the war - and what were the results?
There were several reasons the US entered in WWI. Probably the most talked about reason was the sinking of the British cruise ship, the Lusitania in 1915 by a German U-boat. President Woodrow Wilson did not want to go to war and demanded an end to the attack on passenger ships. Many people disagree that this should be considered a reason for the US entry into the war because the US did not actually enter the war for almost 2 years following the attack on the Lusitania. This attack did however turn public opinion in many countries against ...view middle of the document...
President Wilson released the telegram as a way of building support for the US to enter the war. After German submarines sank seven US merchant ships and the publication of the Zimmerman telegram, Wilson was ready to declare war on Germany and on April 6, 1917, congress agreed.
WW1 saw many new developments in warfare and weapons. Germany was farther ahead in technology and weapons development than the Allies, but by the end of 1917, the Allies had modernized and were using telephones, wireless communication, armored cars, tanks and aircraft. Also the infantry was changed from 100 man companies to squads of less than a dozen men with a junior NCO in charge. WW1 saw the invention of the steel helmet, fighter aircraft, anti-aircraft guns, light automatic weapons, tanks, and flamethrowers. Warfare went from trench warfare to a mechanized fight with tanks and aircraft, and even chemical warfare.
Discuss the success or failure of Reconstruction after the Civil War. What were differing ideas proposed – and who were the eventual winners and losers?
Reconstruction had its success and its failures after the Civil War. One of the successes was that it restored the United States as a unified nation. All of the former Confederate states had drafted new constitutions, acknowledging the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments, and pledged their loyalty to the U.S. government.
Reconstruction ultimately failed to protect former slaves from white persecution and failed to engender fundamental changes to the social fabric of the South. The sharecropping system was essentially a legal form of slavery that kept blacks tied to land owned by rich white farmers in the South. They had little economic power; blacks ended up having to fight for civil rights on their own, as northern whites lost interest in Reconstruction by the mid 1870s. When President Rutherford B. Hayes removed federal troops from the South in 1877, former Confederate officials and slave owners almost immediately returned to power. With the support of a conservative Supreme Court, these newly empowered white southern politicians passed black codes, voter qualifications, and other anti-progressive legislation to reverse the rights that blacks had gained during Radical Reconstruction. The U.S. Supreme Court bolstered this anti-progressive movement with decisions in the Slaughterhouse Cases, the Civil Rights Cases, and United States v. Cruikshank that effectively repealed the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments and the Civil Rights Act of 1875. By 1877, northerners were tired of Reconstruction, scandals, radicals, and the fight for blacks’ rights. Reconstruction thus came to a close with many of its goals left unaccomplished.
Most of the ideas proposed during the Reconstruction Era were guided towards citizenship and fair treatment of all mankind, not just blacks but any minority. Although the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments were to protect minority rights they were not...