A Brief Review On The Habitats Of The Maltese Islands

1556 words - 7 pages

Habitats of the Maltese Islands

A brief review on the habitats of the Maltese islands

Habitats of the Maltese Islands

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Table of Contents
INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................................................... 4 HABITAT .............................................................................................................................................................. 4 THE MALTESE ISLANDS ........................................................................................................................................ 4 LAND COVER ...view middle of the document...

................ 10 SALINE MARSHLANDS (BWAR SALMASTRI) .......................................................................................................... 10 SAND DUNES (GĦAREM TAR-RAMEL) .................................................................................................................. 11 RUPESTRAL HABITATS .................................................................................................................................... 12 CLIFFS (IRDUMIJIET)........................................................................................................................................... 12 REFERENCES .................................................................................................................................................... 13

Habitats of the Maltese Islands

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Introduction

Habitat - The natural environment of an organism; place that is natural for the life and growth of an organism1

The Maltese Islands Situated in the middle of the Mediterranean, the Maltese islands are one of the smallest found in Europe. The islands stand on a submarine shallow elevation [the Malta-Ragusa Rise] which extends from the Ragusa peninsula of Sicily and continues southwards to the African coasts of Tunisia and Libya2.

Due to the fact that the earth’s surface is constantly moving, it is important to point out that around 200 million years ago, in the period better known as the Jurassic Period, the earth’s continents were grouped as a whole Supercontinent named Pangaea which broke up in mainly three phases to form today’s earth’s continents. During this long process, in which the Mediterranean sea took shape, sediments like sand, clay and marine organisms such as the coral where deposited on the seabed of the Tethys Ocean3. These were then pressed together due to the constant movements of the continents, mainly that of Africa, forcing them to move upwards, above sea level, forming the Maltese islands.

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"habitat." Dictionary.com Unabridged. Random House, Inc. 02 Dec. 2009.

http://www.shadowservices.com/nature/Maltese/Geomorph/geograp.htm, As on 02 Dec. 2009 The Tethys Ocean existed between the continents of Gondwana and Laurasia when Pangaea broke from East to West- L-Ambjent Naturali Tal-Gzejjer Maltin- Sandro Lanfranco (2002)
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Habitats of the Maltese Islands

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Land Cover Unfortunately in the Maltese island the natural environment is in minority compared to agricultural and urban development due to the islands’ size and population ratio. The following table indicates the percentages of land cover for the year 2006 as published by MEPA4: Cover Agricultural land Urban Fabric Urban Green Space Industrial, Commercial & Sports areas, Airports, etc Natural Vegetation Percentage(%) of surface cover 51 22.3 0.6 6.8 19

Land Cover Map. Source: MEPA

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Malta Environment & Planning Authority

Habitats of the Maltese Islands

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Terrestrial Habitats
The Ecological...

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