This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

A Case Study On Cardiac Anatomy

678 words - 3 pages

Crimes of the Heart: A Case Study on Cardiac Anatomy

Tiffaney is worried about her newborn son. Ever since she brought Caleb home from the hospital it has been so hard to get him to eat and he seems to be breathing too hard all the time. She stopped breast-feeding and tried every bottle and formula on the market, but nothing has worked. So, at his one month check-up, her stomach is in knots as they place Caleb on the scale. The nurse says, “9 pounds, 7 ounces.” Tiffaney realizes Caleb has only gained one pound since he was born and she breaks into tears.

Dr. Baker checks over Caleb in the exam room, taking extra time feeling and listening to his chest. During the exam, Tiffaney explains her struggle with trying to get her son to eat and how he cries almost the entire day. After the exam Dr. Baker says, “When I listen to Caleb’s heart I hear an extra sound called a murmur. I want to use an echocardiogram and an ECG to get a good ...view middle of the document...

Short Answer Questions:

1. Dr. Baker spends a long time listening to (auscultating) Caleb’s heart.
a. Where on the thoracic surface do you auscultate to the tricuspid, mitral (bicuspid), pulmonary, and aortic valves?
b. Where do you think would be the best place to auscultate Caleb’s abnormal heart sound? Explain your answer.

2. Caleb has abnormal heart sounds that tipped the doctor off to a problem.
a. Name the normal sounds of the heart and indicate what causes these sounds.
b. In relation to the normal heart sounds, when would you expect to hear the abnormal sound Dr. Baker heard? Explain your answer.

3. The defect in Caleb’s heart allows blood to mix between the two ventricular chambers.
a. Due to this defect would you expect the blood to move from left-to-right ventricle or right-to-left ventricle during systole?
b. Based on your understanding of blood pressure and resistance in the heart and great vessels, explain your answer to question 3a.

4. When an echocardiogram is performed, the technician color-codes oxygenated blood (red) and deoxygenated blood (blue).
a. In a healthy baby, what color would the blood be within the right and left ventricles, respectively?
b. In Caleb’s heart, what color would the blood be within the right and left ventricles, respectively?

5. Caleb’s heart allows oxygenated and deoxygenated blood to mix. Based on your knowledge of the heart and the great vessels, describe other anatomical abnormalities that cause the mixing of oxygenated and deoxygenated blood.

6. What happens to Caleb’s systemic cardiac output as a result of his ventricular septal defect (VSD)? Explain your answer.

7. One of the problems that worried Tiffaney was that Caleb seemed to be breathing too hard all the time. Let’s consider how this symptom is related to his heart defect.
a. Describe what would happen to the blood volume and pressure entering the pulmonary circuit as a result of his VSD.
b. Describe what would happen to the myocardium of Caleb’s right ventricle as a result of his VSD.

8. Based on the location of Caleb’s defect, what part of the conduction system might be at risk for abnormalities?

Other Essays Like A Case Study on Cardiac Anatomy

Case Study on Mac

796 words - 4 pages The marketing process A McDonald's Restaurants case study The 4Ps At this point the marketing mix is put together: Product The important thing to remember when offering menu items to customers is that they have a choice. They have a huge number of ways of spending their money and places to spend it. Therefore, McDonald's places considerable emphasis on developing a menu which customers want. Market research establishes exactly what this is

Case Study on Starbucks

5204 words - 21 pages product-based and service-based businesses. Your assignment should be between 2,000 to 2,500 words. Sources and references to support this assignment must be quoted. Introduction The objective of this study is to classify and make a comparison of two global business models in the Marketing and Promotion Mix categories. The organizations that will be used in this study are Starbucks Corporation (Restaurants, Retail Coffee and Tea, Retail

Case Study on Engstrom

654 words - 3 pages of the company as a community and see more value in group success than their individual payment. The Scanlon plan was successful as long as the company as a whole was successful, because each employee’s bonus was entirely dependent on the company’s fertility. In the current situation, in the midst of this far-reaching industrial downturn, it is becoming much more difficult as a means of incentive. For a long time it worked well for Engstrom which

Second City Options: a Case Study on Index Options

2358 words - 10 pages SECOND CITY OPTIONS: A Case Study on Index Options[1] Don M. Chance and Michael L. Hemler (Version: August 30, 2011) Second City Options (SCO) is a small firm that specializes in option trading. Employing 35 people, SCO is located on LaSalle Street in the Chicago financial district. It is a member firm of the Chicago Board Options Exchange (CBOE), where it trades options on stocks and stock indices. It is also a member firm of the

Johnson & Johnson: A Case Study On Sustainability Reporting

749 words - 3 pages JOHNSON & JOHNSON: A CASE STUDY ON SUSTAINABILITY REPORTING When compiling data for its sustainability reports, Johnson and Johnson does not request direct input from its managerial accounting staff. What should be the role of management accountants in collecting and reporting sustainability data? Could Johnson & Johnson’s sustainability reporting be improved with input from managerial accountants? Why or why not? The role of

Cybersecurity Standards: a Case Study on Malaysian Banking Sector

1977 words - 8 pages Cybersecurity Standards: A Case Study on Malaysian Banking Sector Anwer Yusoff Head, Industry & Business Department CyberSecurity Malaysia Sept 18th 2013 Copyright © 2013 CyberSecurity Malaysia Internet use in Malaysia 17 ,723,000 internet users Sources: Internet World Stats (30 June 2012) Copyright © 2013 CyberSecurity Malaysia 2 Internet use in Malaysia The highest usage was recorded among people aged 20

A Case Study

770 words - 4 pages Article Summary: A Case for Student Communication In the article, “Read-only Participants: a case for student communication in online classes,” the authors, Nagel, Blignaut, and Cronje present a study about how a student’s online participation and discussion activity related to their learning (2009).A mixed methodology approach was used during the investigation to help determine student’s behavior amongst their peers and their assimilation

Rjb-a Case Study

2313 words - 10 pages RJR Nabisco: A Case Study of a Complex Leveraged Buyout Michel, Allen; Shaked, Israel Financial Analysts Journal; Sep/Oct 1991; 47, 5; ABI/INFORM Global pg. 15 by Allen Michel and Israel Shaked RJR Nabisco: A Case Study of a Complex Leveraged Buyout Several features of RJR Nabisco made it a particularly attractive LBO candidate. Its operations exhibited moderate and consistent

A Case Study on an Interpersonal Issue in a Family Situation from a Psychological Perspective

5610 words - 23 pages A Case Study on an interpersonal issue in a family situation from a psychological perspective. By Andrew S. Heldt An Assignment for the Master of Theology on Personal and Social Psychology Year 2: Semester 2 Outline 1. Assignment Question…………………………………….…………………..1 2. Introduction………………………………………………….……………….1 3. Case study – Description…………..……………..………………………….1 a) Early Childhood…………...………………………………...………..1 b) Adolescence

A Study On Shabbat

1291 words - 6 pages A Study on Shabbat The Challah is a plaited loaf of bread that is eaten at the Shabbat meal and often at festivals. It can be brought from a kosher bakery or made at in the home. A small lump is taken from the original dough when baked, and cooked with the Challah to represent a sacrifice to god. There are two loaves and this represents the double portion of 'manna' which God provided for the Egyptian Jews when they

Euro Disneyland - a Case Study

4470 words - 18 pages European culture on Disney’s part. Based on the understanding from the case following recommendations were made: * A study in history and an understanding of the European market place would have enabled the Disney executives to anticipate many of its problems. * The mantra “think globally, act locally” would have helped Disney in better catering to the local needs. For instance, Disney does not sell alcohol within the parks and they

Related Papers

A Case Study On Cardiac Anatomy

619 words - 3 pages A Case Study on Cardiac Anatomy 1. Dr. Baker spends a long time listening to (auscultating) Caleb’s heart. a. Where on the thoracic surface do you auscultate to the tricuspid, mitral (bicuspid), pulmonary, and aortic valves? i. The aortic valve is heard at the 2nd intercostal space at the right sternal border, the pulmonary valve is heard at the 2nd intercostal space at the left sternal border, the mitral valve is heard

Medical Case Study: Cardiac Catheterization

3001 words - 13 pages released into the blood when there is cardiac tissue damage. They are extremely important when diagnosing myocardial infarction. The relative index is helpful in establishing where the damage to the cardiac tissue is (Linden, 2013, p. 8). Continuing Case Study: After reviewing the EGK and labs, the ER physician calls the cardiac cath lab and the patient is taken for a cardiac catheterization. The cardiac cath lab nurse assigned to care for

A Case Study On ‘Global Wine Industry’

1268 words - 6 pages of the producers. The old world producers operate on a low scale. Hence, they lack bargaining power when dealing with the hypermarket chains. The new world producers have large scale of production. Due to their large market share and volumes, they can control their retail operations, thus reducing bargaining power of customers b. Buyers are well informed about sellers product, cost etc.: There is no such clear information in this case. c. If

Case Study On Fedex

1973 words - 8 pages Federal Express – delivering the goods Kevan Scholes This case study looks at how new business models can create vast improvements in competitiveness. However, the models must be suited to the business environment at the time and will have a ‘shelf-life’ as the business environment changes. The case study looks at one on the world’s most successful adopters of a new business model that transformed the airfreight and package delivery sectors