A Critical Evaluation Of: ‘The Crossover Of Burnout And Work Engagement Among Young Couples’

1663 words - 7 pages

There are a variety of methodological, epistemological and ontological issues highlighted within the article: ‘The crossover of burnout and work engagement among young couples’ (the Study) by Bakker, Demerouti and Schaufeli, published in 2005 within the Human Relations Journal, which will be summarised in the following paper. In order to critically evaluate, a number of questions concerning academic discipline, contribution to knowledge, methodology, relevance to management practice etc, must be satisfied – the following paper is an argument towards such answers and will demonstrate an overall review of the journal in which it is published.

The Study examined and tested hypothesis ...view middle of the document...

The authors have used both empirical and innate arguments to support their theory, highlighted by the expansion of their previous research in the field of crossover, burnout and positive emotions at work (notably the Job-Demands Resource model, Demerouti et al 2001), and the fact that this is the first study of its kind to be performed with regards to work engagement crossover respectively.
Furthermore, the detail of the research tends away from more eclectically explained management theories, however, it is trans-disciplinarian and closely related to context, as the outcome could greatly influence policy makers and academics to achieve practical advantage, related to Gibbons et al. (1994) Mode 2 category of knowledge production in modern society.
There is debate as to whether this is an inductive or deductive study, and one could argue it is both. The basis for its conception was the lack of evidence in the existing field and realisation by the authors from their previous work, that the possibility of crossover work engagement was concurrent. As a single paradigm it indicates an inductive theory, but in light of their earlier research shows a linear progression of authors Bakker and Demerouti indicating deductive approach, similar to the change seen in the Hawthorne Studies (Roethlisberger & Dickson 1939).
A large study of over 300 participants implies a quantitative study; however, the depth of the questions show overlay of a qualitative study style. Usually, a qualitative study into sensitive subjects would require trust to be gained between researcher and participant; however, they combat this by keeping questionnaires anonymous and voluntary. In doing so, the authors remained objective – however, the initial thought for research may have been driven by subjective bias on part that the authors had experienced crossover themselves at some stage.

Epistemologically speaking, the Study is neither interpretist nor hermeneutic, but positivist in its principles, given way by its scientific methodological use. Positivist thinking is the emphasis on explanation of human behaviour, and correlates with critical realism, which Bhaskar (1989) states ‘[social world] structures are not spontaneously apparent in the observable pattern of events; they can only be identified through the practical and theoretical work of the social sciences’. The Study clearly demonstrates empirical research use of data collection through observation, experimentation, formulation and hypothesis testing, acquiring new knowledge, correlating and integrating previous knowledge and integrating phenomena – key indicators of scientific methodology, in itself a key determinant of positivist thinking. Moreover, the Study’s phenomena testing are easily repeatable, again supporting the positivist approach for further research. Like much scientific research, positivism has evolved down a more empirical path antithetical to a metaphysical’s non empirical character.
...

Other Essays Like A Critical Evaluation of: ‘the Crossover of Burnout and Work Engagement Among Young Couples’

Critical Evaluation of Banking on Ebusiness

2964 words - 12 pages compete with established banks by offering more aggressive online services. Citigroup is looking for its own competitive advantages on the Web, such as the ability to tailor the company's financial-services products to specific demographic groups. For example, Horowitz says e-Citi may create a "bouquet of services" geared toward young married couples between 24 and 35. And e-Citi is working on tailoring content-rich front ends for a younger

Examine the Factors Affecting the Domestic Division of Labour and Power Relations Between Couples (20 Marks)

566 words - 3 pages Examine the factors affecting the domestic division of labour and power relations between couples (20 marks). The domestic division of labour refers to the tasks that men and women do in relation to housework, childcare, and paid work. Sociologists are interested in the factors that affect domestic division of labour and whether men and women share domestic tasks equally. A factor affecting the domestic division of labour and power relations

The Diary of a Young Mill Worker

2794 words - 12 pages Dear Diary, Monday 7th September 1797 The mill is great! My name is Amelia Northwood, I am 11 years old and come from Liverpool workhouse; I was abandoned by my parents at the age of 4. Life in the workhouse was hard; we were expected to work for 15 hours a day, in terrible conditions with no pay. Conditions in the mill seem to be much better. This morning, Mr Greg visited the workhouse, he chose 20 children, (all examined by a doctor first

The Life And Work Of Mary Crawford: A Feminist Psychologist

1572 words - 7 pages Back Again, Crawford reexamines the influence of the work, Commentary: Sex and Gender – The Troubled Relationship Between Terms and Concepts, that Rhoda and Crawford submitted through the American Psychologist. Discussion   References Crawford, M. (2013). Meaning-Making and Feminist Practice. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 37 (2), 256-260. Crawford, M., & Popp, D. (2003). Sexual double standards: A review and methodological critique of

Causes of Couples Will Divorce

854 words - 4 pages , stealing, and betrayal of marital trust, and consequently addiction makes the list of top reasons why couples divorce, according to Henry Gornbein, a family law specialist. AgeAccording to a study published by the Wharton school at Pennsylvania University, cites the age at which a couple gets married playing a role in the likelihood of their divorce. Couples that get married at a young age often deal with money issues, lack of maturity, lack

The Code of Ethics and Evaluation

759 words - 4 pages Elizabeth Thomas Business Ethics February 17, 2015 Professor Mari Hadley Summary and Discussion The author provides an overview of the case of Bernard “Bernie” Madoff, a businessman and investment manager who is believed to have stolen as much as $65 billion from his investors (Stanwick & Stanwick, 2014). Bernie Madoff was operating not only the largest Ponzi scheme in history, but is also believed to have perpetrated the largest

The Effect of Employee Engagement in Reward Systems and Performance Management

988 words - 4 pages The Effect of Employee Engagement In Reward Systems and Performance Management Introduction The success of any organization rests on the strategic management of its employees. It’s vital for an organization to attract, motivate and retain the best talent available to achieve and sustain a long-term competitive advantage. To achieve this the Human Resources Department must design a performance management system that not only links employee

Love and Loss of Innocence of a Young Boy

1048 words - 5 pages within the structure of the story is the love and loss of innocence by the young boy. Since the story is told in first-person narrative, you are immediately immersed in his feelings and realizations. First the scene that begins on North Richmond Street, which is sort a gloomy and quiet street, but comes alive when the children are at play. This shows despite the circumstances that surround him that he is able to still maintain a childlike view of

“a Critical Assesment of Religion Today in the Philippines: Reality and Challenges; Weaknesses and Oppurtunities”

822 words - 4 pages RONIE BOTONA RESEARCH AND METHODOLOGY I Professor: Fr. Dave Capucao “A CRITICAL ASSESMENT OF RELIGION TODAY IN THE PHILIPPINES: REALITY AND CHALLENGES; WEAKNESSES AND OPPURTUNITIES” Religion is humanity’s way to be in connection with the divine. It can be traced centuries ago. In the Philippines, religion existed already during pre-colonialization. However it was only during the colonialization period that religion becomes a power to

Managing the Work of Individuals and Teams

1064 words - 5 pages Managing the work of Individuals and teams Review the performance of teams – Assignment 4 Task 1 I have chosen a Production team (Foundry) to base my answer on. I am going to explain why it is important to praise team’s performance; Team effectiveness – It essential to know if teams are hitting targets that have been set for them and if there are any. If you cannot measure the team’s contribution in some type of way you won’t

Compare and Contrast Two Theories/Models of Relationships and Show How They Might Be Utilised by a Therapist Who Is Engaged in Couples Counselling

2696 words - 11 pages This essay has 2513 words Compare and contrast two theories/models of relationships and show how they might be utilised by a therapist who is engaged in couples counselling. Every human being experiences different relationships throughout their lives whether it is with their parents, siblings, external family at the start of their life or with friends through adolescence and even going into adulthood with their partner and then possibly

Related Papers

A Critical Evaluation Of Two Research Methods, Qualitative And Quantitative

1744 words - 7 pages Qualitative Article:A Women's Place is in the Home: Females and Residential BurglaryThis article uses a qualitative research method. Qualitative research involves analyzing and interpreting texts and interviews in order to discover meaningful patterns descriptive of a particular phenomenon (Adler & Clarke, 2008, p.13.). The method has been adopted to investigate the research question. The research question is; what involvement do women have

A Critical Evaluation Of The Importance & Impact Of Information & Knowledge Management Systems

4192 words - 17 pages Continuity Planning: Business managers and information technology specialists need to work together on both types of plans to determine which systems and business processes are most critical to the company. They must conduct a business impact analysis to identify the firm’s most critical systems and the impact a systems outage would have on the business. Management must determine the maximum amount of time the business can survive with its systems down

Critical Evaluation Of Eminem And Modern Grammy Culture

1064 words - 5 pages Recovery was the best-selling album in the US in 2010: it sold a staggering 741,000 copies in its first week, marking the sixth consecutive number one album for Eminem. – Who coincidently is the best selling artist of the decade. And yet although nominated for 10 Grammy Awards, he walked away with only two! The star-studded album Recovery included the likes of P!NK, Rihanna, Lil Wayne and Kobe and should have run away with the award, but

Causes And Prevention Of Burnout In Human Service

1156 words - 5 pages responsibilities, and low motivating potential. In supervision and social support a lack of decision-making could contribute to or increases the likelihood of becoming burnout. Cultural burnout is the aspects of the culture at large, a declining feeling of belonging to the community, frustrating, expectations, competition, and people can create an atmosphere that will burn them out. While examining my own personality in a work atmosphere, I do