A Look into the Human Memory Process
American Intercontinental University
The memory process is comprised of different aspects which a person uses to acquire, retain, store, and later retrieve information. There are different systems of the memory process that are in charge of different types of memories. A stage model is used to help better understand the 3 different stages of memory: sensory memory, short-term memory, and long- term memory. There are ways to help one improve the process of information flowing into the next stage of memory. Some factors contribute to a person’s inability to properly retrieve information as well as cause a person to forget ...view middle of the document...
An example of this would be driving down the road you see something reflective and red. Your sensory memory takes the information and lets you know it’s a stop sign so you must stop up ahead.
The next stage would be short-term memory, also known as active memory, which is the information that a person is currently thinking about. Short- term memories are temporary where information is briefly held and resides in current consciousness. Information that gets stored in short-term memory would only last about 15 to 20 seconds if it were not to be transferred to long-term memory. How long a person could hold the information is not the only limitation when dealing with short-term memory. Another concern would be how much information is one capable to hold is limited.
While much information in our short term-memory is quickly forgotten, attending to this information allows it to continue to the next stage long-term memory. An example of this would be if you were given an account number you repeat it and once information is used you would forget the account number. In order for the information to be transferred to the next step repeated use of the account number is needed.
Long term memory refers to the continuing storage of information. The size and duration of information in long term memory are limited. An issue that may arise could be retrieving information that is needed and exactly when it is needed. The information contained in long-term memory can be classified into two types: semantic memory and episodic memory.
There are ways to improve information flow in each step of the process. Even though sensory information is only kept in your mind for a short amount of time, by concentrating on a certain piece of information, you can transfer it to your short-term memory. Information in short-term memory can be transferred over to long term memory thru repetition of information. Things such as reciting and rehearsing information you can increase the retention of the information (ARC, 2001). Once information is in the long-term memory you...