This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

A Study Of The Political, Social And Cultural Influences On The Work Of Three Photographers, Lee Friedlander, Gary Winogrand And Nicholas Nixon

3937 words - 16 pages

Paper Describing the social influences on modern photography Good ContentMarking the Times:A study of the political, social and cultural influences on the work of three photographers.Of all the influences on an artist, the effect of the period in which work isproduced is often the hardest to discern. The era in which an artist lives and worksbrings all of the social, political and cultural influences to bear and, while theeffects may be profound in terms of the work, they are some of the most subtle topick up. But the climate of an era must be understood in order to fully appreciatethe artist's work. Nowhere can this be seen more clearly than in the work ofphotographers Lee Friedlander, Gary ...view middle of the document...

The war did a number of things beyond defeatingAdolf Hitler's dreams of world domination. It had profound and long-lasting effectson both the economy and social structure of the nation. From a purely economicstandpoint, World War II helped get the economic engines running a littlesmoother after the protracted depression of the 1930's. The war expended materialsrapidly and, because that material had to be replaced just as rapidly, factoriespicked up production and employment.The war also kept an artificial lid on domestic consumption. Almosteverything was rationed and, effectively, scarce. When it ended, people's thoughtsturned to providing more than basic essentials. The men and women who hadsuffered the ravages of the conflict wanted to be economically secure and havesufficient purchasing power to get what they wanted. The emphasis of post-warUnited States society was on shifting the economy from military consumption topeace time consumption and improving the standard of living.This was led by a new concept in housing- large sub-developments ofaffordable single family homes, which reinforced the post-war economic upturn.The success of planned Levittown communities in New York, New Jersey andPennsylvania demonstrated the concept and led directly and rapidly to thedevelopment of the suburbs. The attraction was overwhelming- affordable single-family homes out of the city but close enough to take advantage of most urbanservices, front and back yards, driveways, garages, etc. The suburbs flourished,drawing literally thousands of families out of the city. Just as the city was a beaconto those leaving the farm just a generation before, the suburbs became the beaconto the post-war generation. As the years went on, the little suburban home grew insize and became a symbol of American success that rapidly became self-justifying.The war taught a generation conformity and how to respect and work withina chain of command, lessons most who served in the military would take back tocivilian life and civilian jobs. Some suburban communities went so far as todevelop a number of restrictions on what residents couldn't do reinforcing thisconformity- no hanging wash out on a clothes line, no on-street parking, no pick uptrucks or motorcycles allowed, no lawn mowing before or after a certain hour...thelists went on and on.Politically, the postwar period started off with fiery Harry Truman inhabitingthe White House and Joe McCarthy finding a communist under every rock. Butsoon the period settled into the same pattern of conformity as the Republicansmarshaled their forces to elect Dwight Eisenhower. There were minor skirmishesbetween the two parties, but politics were comparatively sedate, gentlemanly andgentile.Socially, the nation of the 1950's continued to emphasize the nuclearfamily, a trend that started with the pre-war flight to the city from the farm.Essentially gone were the extended families of the pre-war period- it was tough tofit all of those people into a...

Other Essays Like A Study Of The Political, Social And Cultural Influences On The Work Of Three Photographers, Lee Friedlander, Gary Winogrand And Nicholas Nixon

Race: The Cultural And Political Power Of An Illusion In Latin America

1902 words - 8 pages discoveries and discredited for the political reasons but the struggle for the rights and recognition was still a main issue throughout the century. Another example of the cultural and political influence on race was the European work force immigration in South America. State department of agriculture federal constitution of 1981 had transformed San Paulo prom the province into the state, the idea was to bring enough workers from the Europe so

What Were The Major Influences On Thomas Hardy's Life And Work?

639 words - 3 pages that perhaps his love for this woman masked a Freudian desire to rediscover his mother's strength of character and resourcefulness? After all, both women had married well beneath their social class yet found it in them to make use of their well-educated backgrounds.Seeing as how Hardy trained as an architect, on reading his work one can detect a discernible acknowledgement of structure and form in which he creates images that stand alone without

The Life And Work Of Mary Crawford: A Feminist Psychologist

1572 words - 7 pages Africa are infected with the virus (Kaufman 2008). Even though this study focused on men, the research was important to women because in some parts of Africa, the number of women infected with HIV is twice that of men (Kaufman 2008). Sexual assault is also more prevalent of a health issue in Africa than in many other parts of the world due to the incidence of HIV, so Crawford found it important to study the links between attitudes and HIV (Kaufman

The Life of Mozart By Gary Jenkins

2744 words - 11 pages to show a glimpse of how much of a miracle his survival really was. At the age of three years old, he started playing the piano on his own. While his father, a composer, taught his seven-year-old sister on the clavier, Mozart would be to himself playing the keyboard: “He entertained himself often for long periods at the keyboard by hunting out the thirds, which he then always sounded, and showed his pleasure at having discovered this harmonyâ

Social-Cultural And Economic Factors Affecting The Vulnerability Of Women To Hiv/Aids

1777 words - 8 pages KENYA METHODIST UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT AND MEDICAL EDUCATION COURSE: BSC. HEALTH SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT UNIT: HCSI 225-HIV/AIDS * Cultural, social and economic factors that increase women’s vulnerability to HIV/AIDS. Introduction Women, especially in sub-Saharan Africa not only have the highest HIV-prevalence rates, compared to men, but also are greatly affected by the social and economic constraints that

(P3) Explain the Influences of Two Predictable and Two Unpredictable Major Life Events on the Development of an Individual

640 words - 3 pages Predicable life events Leaving prison Leaving prison is predicable because we know it’s going to happen. But what happens to someone development when they live prison? There is a loss of routine, loss of a structured environment, possible lack of support when finding an income and housing and coping with possible discrimination. All these may make the person reoffend because they know that prison is safe and they like the routine

Managing the Work of Individuals and Teams

1064 words - 5 pages Managing the work of Individuals and teams Review the performance of teams – Assignment 4 Task 1 I have chosen a Production team (Foundry) to base my answer on. I am going to explain why it is important to praise team’s performance; Team effectiveness – It essential to know if teams are hitting targets that have been set for them and if there are any. If you cannot measure the team’s contribution in some type of way you won’t

Compare and Contrast the Work of Harry Harlow and Mary Ainsworth on Understanding

1537 words - 7 pages between a mother and any other caregiver (Custance 2010). It is a bond in which the infant sees the caregiver as a protective and security figure. Failing to form any type of attachment during the earliest years of childhood is thought to lead to social and emotional developmental issues that can carry on well into adult life (Custance 2010). Attachment theory was formulated by psychoanalyst John Bowlby with the theory of ‘cupboard love

An Analysis Of The Article Billy Budd And Capital Punishment: A Tale Of Three Centuries

1645 words - 7 pages of Three Centuries”, author H. Bruce Franklin emphasizes that the story of Billy Budd is not a mere formal exposition in the movement against capital punishment, but a work that explores the contemporary issues ethically, philosophically, and politically (16). To define these issues, Franklin accentuates that Melville wrote the story in a manner that dramatized the debates on capital punishment, but did so accordingly in order for the reader to

A Critical Evaluation of: ‘the Crossover of Burnout and Work Engagement Among Young Couples’

1663 words - 7 pages and theoretical work of the social sciences’. The Study clearly demonstrates empirical research use of data collection through observation, experimentation, formulation and hypothesis testing, acquiring new knowledge, correlating and integrating previous knowledge and integrating phenomena – key indicators of scientific methodology, in itself a key determinant of positivist thinking. Moreover, the Study’s phenomena testing are easily

The Crazy Crook: a Study of Criminality and Insanity

1739 words - 7 pages acquitted from committing a crime is to be found legally insane. This however is not true and less than 1% of defendants who plea not guilty due to insanity are successful (Simon & Shackelford 1991). This plea is discussed extensively in the media influences the public’s perception of the legal and justice systems. It is interesting to note that in an American study on court cases involving insanity, both psychiatrists and lawyers believed there

Related Papers

Social And Cultural Anthropology: What Defines And Justifies The Study Of The Discipline

1840 words - 8 pages of anthropology can be traced to antiquity, it only emerged as a scientific discipline in the 19th Century. Two distinctive fields are Biological Anthropology, which studies man as an organism and his physical evolution, and Social and Cultural Anthropology, the comparative study of cultural variation through the myths, ritual, kinship patterns, political and economic systems in particular societies or social groups. In this paper I will attempt

The Impact Of Political, Legal And Social Factors On Two Businesses

1841 words - 8 pages The Impact of Political, Legal and Social Factors on Two Businesses All businesses in the world have to obey to the political, social and legal factors that are within the world. These factors can have both a negative and positive effect on the business. The businesses I will be concentrating on is Toys ‘R’ Us and National Health Service. Toys ‘R’ Us Political Factors Political factors that affect businesses include new legislation such as the

Utopia: A Philosophic And Political Work Of Fiction

2175 words - 9 pages Comment on the travel-book apparatus of Utopia. What role does this play in advancing More’s thinking of the book? Utopia: a philosophic and political work of fiction The discovery of South and North America was an exciting time for all of humanity. At least, it was for those who were aware of its discovery. Those that knew details of the voyages and the new found countries, did by either being on such a voyage, or they read reports by

Meaning And Influences Of The Halo Effect

1217 words - 5 pages attractiveness of interviewees. This hypothesis has been proved by the electrodermal response (EDR). Consequently, they have found out that there is a serious difference between “the attractive and average looking interviewees in terms of high and low status job packages offered”. During the experiment, women interviewers gave more high positions to handsome men than attractive women. But, on the other hand, men did not have preferences of gender or