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Abraham And The Covenant Essay

1398 words - 6 pages

ORIGINS

Abraham and the Covenant

Outline the life of Abraham.
➢ Abram, Son of Tenach lived in the City of Ur, Babylonia as a merchant.
➢ He believed that the entire universe was created to a single God and began to teach this belief to others.
➢ Eventually God called to Abraham. He made him an offer: if Abram would leave his home and family and God would make him a great nation and bless him. Abraham accepted this offer.
➢ Abraham was then subjected to ten tests of faith to prove his worthiness for this covenant. He adopted a nomadic lifestyle travelling through Israel. God promised Israel to Abraham’s descendants.
➢ But Abram was concerned; he was ...view middle of the document...

The 10th of these is the most important: Abraham had to sacrifice his son Isaac out of obedience to God’s command. The fact both Abram and Isaac so willingly accepted this command demonstrates the Patriarchs worthiness for the covenant.
➢ The promise of a people – a multitude of nations was fulfilled when the third Patriarch Jacob had 12 sons, 6 to Leah and 6 to Rachel. These 12 Sons each formed the 12 Jewish tribes or nations.

Moses, the Exodus and the giving of the Torah

Outline the story of the Exodus and the giving of the Law at Sinai, including the Ten Commandments.
God brought the Children of Israel out of Egypt under the leadership of Moses.
➢ The Lord appeared to Moses from out of a burning bush, commanding him to lead his people to the ‘land of milk and honey’.
➢ Moses returned to Egypt and demanded that the Pharaoh set the Hebrew’s free. From the Pharaoh’s stubbornness God inflicted the ten plagues. After each successive plague the Pharaoh still refused to free the Hebrews. But after the Tenth plague, the killing of Egyptian infants, the Pharaoh changed his mind and the chosen people were set free, lead out under the guidance of Moses.
➢ Soon after Moses and the Israelites departed, the Pharaoh changed his attitude and sent out a strong army to recapture them. Moses, under the power of God, parted the Red Sea for the Israelites to escape their impending doom of the capture of approaching Egyptians. To heighten this victory, God killed the pursuing soldiers by making the waters flow back to normal, drowning them.
God made a covenant with Moses and his people, which was formalised through the giving of the Law at Sinai.
➢ Moses then led his people to Mount Sinai. God called upon Moses to ascend the mountain. Moses spent many days at the peak of the mountain where God revealed to him his 10 Commandments and morals to him.
➢ When Moses returned to his people he told them of God’s will and they replied with “Everything the Lord has said we will do.” Thus the b’rith was formed: God will not desert his chosen people as long as they stay faithful to the commandments.
➢ Moses, again, ascended the mountain. He returned this time to show his chosen people with the Ten Commandments enshrined on Tablets of Stone. Through this physical means, the covenant or Law at Sinai was formalised.

Modern Judaism

Outline the unique features of Conservative, Orthodox and Progressive Judaism.

|Feature |Orthodox Judaism |Conservative Judaism |Progressive Judaism |
|Definition |Traditional movement in modern Judaism |Refers to ‘middle ground’ between |Seeks to modify some traditional Orthodox |
| |based on strict adherence to the letter|Orthodox and Progressive Judaism |religious practise and adapt...

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