Academic writing in English is linear, which means it has one central point or theme with every part contributing to the main line of argument, without digressions or repetitions. Its objective is to inform rather than entertain. As well as this it is in the standard written form of the language.There are eight main features of academic writing that are often discussed. Academic writing is to some extent: complex, formal, objective, explicit, hedged, and responsible. It uses language precisely and accurately.
Written language is relatively more complex than spoken language. Written language has longer words, it is lexically denser and it has a more varied ...view middle of the document...
For that reason, academic writing tends to use nouns (and adjectives), rather than verbs (and adverbs).
In general, avoid words like "I", "me", "myself".
A reader will normally assume that any idea not referenced is your own. It is therefore unnecessary to make this explicit.
Don't write:" In my opinion, this a very interesting study."
Write: "This is a very interesting study."
Avoid "you" to refer to the reader or people in general.
Don't write: "You can easily forget how different life was 50 years ago."
Write: "It is easy to forget how difficult life was 50 years ago."
Academic writing is explicit about the relationships int he text. Furthermore, it is the responsibility of the writer in English to make it clear to the reader how the various parts of the text are related. These connections can be made explicit by the use of different signalling words.
-however / because/ similarly…../for example
Academic writing uses vocabulary accurately. Most...