This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Achievement Motivation Essay

2422 words - 10 pages

Achievement Motivation
Kathryn Harwick
Saint Leo University
Psych of Motivation and Emotion
Professor Litman
July 20, 2015

Those who have high levels of achievement motivation desire success and will do anything to achieve the overpowering sensation of external rewards. Research has been completed throughout the years in order to determine what causes human motivation and what effects it can have on the human body. Throughout these studies, confirmation has indicated that challenging tasks and activities increase effort and provide individuals the encouragement to excel and develop. David McClelland’s achievement motivation theory has proven that this form ...view middle of the document...

Motivation causes us to spring into action, whether it is the motivation to eat food because we are hungry, or to drink a glass of water to quench our thirst; all these characteristics are combined with the biological, social, cognitive, and emotional components that mediate our behavior. According to W. Huitt, “Most motivation theorists assume that motivation is involved in the performance of all learned responses; that it is, a learned behavior that will not occur unless it is energized” (Huitt, 2011, para. 4). The phrase “the need for achievement” was coined by psychologist H. Murray in his text, Explorations in Personality (1938). He describes this phrase as “An intense, prolonged and repeated effort to accomplish something difficult; to work with singleness of purpose towards a high and distant goal; to have the determination to win” (Murray, 1938, p. 164). In order to master the challenges we face with success and excellence, the impulse of an achievement motive combined with both situational factors and our own personality, are what influence achievement motivation.
Achievement motivation has been an important area within the realm of psychology simply because the standards of achievement are the fundamentals of our own endeavors. Since the 1800’s, many theories have been developed in order to fully understand our underlying achievement-orientated behavior. According to an article written by Avi Kaplan, the theories surrounding motivation have influenced many scientific developments such as “Darwins theory of evolution in biology and Helmholz’s law of the conservation of energy in physics” (Kaplan, 2009, para. 3). Both of these developments have shown how motivation fuels an organism and how each of our instincts and needs are related concepts of our behavior. According to Avi Kaplan, “Motivation for action was thought to derive from a deprivation that created a disruption to, or disequilibrium of, this homeo-static state. For example, deprivation of nourishment leads to motivation to seek food…” (Kaplan, 2009, para. 3).
The need for achievement also plays an important role in both our achievements and successes because of its ability to engage with our behavioral, emotional, and cognitive processors. The study of achievement motivation has been found to meet individual’s basic need to strive for rewards, satisfaction, praise, and personal accomplishment. According to a study completed by Dr. Riffat-Un-Nisa Awan, individuals who have high achievement motives “Will act in ways that will help them to outperform others, meet or surpass some standard of excellence, or do something unique (Awan, Noureen, & Naz, 2011, p. 73). Most of the theories surrounding achievement motivation rest on the fact that most of the studies are very similar to one another; suggesting that even though the approaches have developed separately, they are in harmony with one another rather than in competition. Those who research achievement...

Other Essays Like Achievement Motivation

Factors Affecting College Essay

3545 words - 15 pages obligations. The questions were broad enough to cover need-based motivation (I am motivated to study because studying makes me feel good and I am motivated to study because I want to outdo my classmates and friends), achievement based motivation (I am motivated to study because I want to make the Dean’s list) and content-based motivation (I study more when I find the material interesting and practical). Background of the Study Such

Communication in the Workplace Essay

1707 words - 7 pages . Motivated employees are more quality oriented 3. Motivated workers are more productive In contrast, David McClelland believed that workers could not be motivated by the mere need for money. In fact extrinsic motivation such as money could extinguish intrinsic motivation such as achievement motivation, though money could be used as an indicator of success for various motives. Effective goal setting and feedback Another way of motivating employee

Motivation Theory

1039 words - 5 pages -hygiene theory. According to Herzberg, there are some job factors that result in motivation while there are other job factors that prevent dissatisfaction. His research stemmed from looking at factors affecting worker job satisfaction and dissatisfaction on accountants and engineers. The results of his research revealed that: * Motivators: resulted from five main factors - achievement, recognition, the work itself, responsibility and

Case Study

1781 words - 8 pages developed, increased or maintain using motivation. 1 ii) iii) iv) v) b) capabilities applicable to all kinds of activities (fulfils Social, Self-actualisation and Power) Career development opportunities (Achievement, Power, Self-actualisation and SelfEsteem) Flexible working hours and work/life balance (Physiological) Stable organisation, Accrued time, compressed weeks and flexible Leave arrangements (Safety, Physiological

Entrepreneurship and Need of Achievement

601 words - 3 pages to Begley and Boyd (1987), those who have founded their own companies had a higher need for achievement than non-founders or owner managers. Also, (Stewart et al., 1998) responded that need for achievement is higher in entrepreneurs than the corporate manager and owner managers. Need for Achievement is usually high in entrepreneurs than the general population. It provides them with motivation to go ahead and achieve their next target easily

Motivation 10

1258 words - 6 pages , employees cannot act on their own and gain self achievement. Rather, the management use motivation as a means to exert power and force in a subtle manner (Linstead 2009: 411-12).In this context, motivation as a weapon of manipulation is very apparent Motivation In The Present Day Organization. Motivation in the contemporary workplace seeks to use the cotent theories which assumes that everyone has similar need that can be met with one

Employee Communication and Conflict Management

1471 words - 6 pages motivators to obtain other needs. Self-actualization is the ultimate need. However, this level of achievement is not reachable until esteem and social needs are reached. Fredrick Herzberg’s Theory The two-factor theory by Frederick Herzberg, explains the sources of job satisfaction and job dissatisfaction as the two-factor theory. Motivation factors are cause of job satisfaction in several instances. Some factors include things like

Creating a Plan for Positive Influence

551 words - 3 pages during his motivational theory research that true motivators are achievement, recognition, responsibility, and advancement. To increase motivation within a team setting, these areas are required to be addressed: 1. Achievement- Ensure that each member sees his or her value of their work and contributions that help benefit the company. Allow the feedback from the clients or customer be known to the team for exceptional performance or service

Assistant Manager

2091 words - 9 pages existence, relatedness, and growth need to be activated at a time for motivation to take place. McClelland’s theory argues that people who are achievement oriented strive to meet their three needs: the need for power, the need for affiliation and the need for achievement and that these needs are achieved through achievement and learning. There cannot be any perfect theory for creating an organization motivation plan for Danquah & Sons. To create

Motivatin Empoloyee

963 words - 4 pages as well. International encyclopedia of organization studies states “that motivation can be affected by external incentives” (Locke, E. (2008). Most people enjoy and appreciate recognition of their work and devotion. Recognition of achievement is a great incentive; someone being able to use their skills and abilities. Another incentive can be time off for working parents; they value their time with their spouse and children. Another helpful

Leadership & Motivation

4879 words - 20 pages A need is the requirement for survival and well-being (Meyer, 2007). Need theories assume that individuals are motivated by trying to obtain outcomes that will satisfy their needs. Leaders should identify followers' needs and provide them with desirable outcomes that will satisfy those needs. Theoretical frameworks that view needs as a source of motivation are Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, McClelland’s needs for achievement, affiliation and power

Related Papers

Performance Issues Essay

1365 words - 6 pages needs concern the need to feel good about oneself, one's abilities and characteristics. At the top of Maslow's hierarchy of motivators is self-actualization, which is the process of fulfilling one's potential” (Gordon Rouse, 2004). The motivation theory emphasizes that the needs that appear first in the hierarchy must be met before meeting others. The needs in Maslow’s theory are termed as motivations for achievement of a particular goal. The

Literature English Essay

985 words - 4 pages Motivation is the force that gives direction and action in our lives. Almost everyone realizes the importance of motivation, but few know how to develop it. This is what makes my business exciting. My company, Achievement Unlimited, offers the answer to developing permanent, personal motivation. We have the key to the ignition switch that turns on the adrenaline and wakes up the sleeping giant within us. Since motivation serves as a

Motivation Essay

3224 words - 13 pages motivation and academic achievement need to be studied as well. This study will discuss motivation in details through my personal experience with motivation and the significance it plays in learning. This research offers an insight to the age-old question of how we should get our school children to learn and keep them from dropping out of school. Many children, especially adolescence, often believe that they know everything and they have no need to

Employee Motivation Essay

923 words - 4 pages achievement. Motivation has several theories and techniques a firm must know to apply them on its employees: Motivational Theories: 1) Maslow’s hierarchy of needs: this comes as a no surprise since Maslow explained that motivation is based on a sequenced hierarchy of needs. The hierarchy starts with the lowest physiological needs (Food, sleep, sex), followed by safety needs (Job security and environment safety), social needs (feelings of belonging