Acid Rain Essay 9

868 words - 4 pages

Acid Rain, form of air pollution, currently a subject of great controversy because of the widespread environmental damage for which it has been blamed. It forms when oxides of sulphur and nitrogen combine with atmospheric moisture to yield sulphuric and nitric acids, which may then be carried long distances from their source before they are deposited by rain. The pollution may also take the form of snow or fog or be precipitated in dry forms. In fact, although the term “acid rain” has been in use for more than a century—it is derived from atmospheric studies that were made in the region of Manchester, England—the more accurate scientific term would be “acid deposition”. The dry form of such ...view middle of the document...

Industrial emissions have been blamed as the major cause of acid rain. Because the chemical reactions involved in the production of acid rain in the atmosphere are complex and as yet little understood, industries have tended to challenge such assessments and to stress the need for further studies; and because of the cost of pollution reduction, governments have tended to support this attitude. Studies released by the US government in the early 1980s, however, strongly implicated industries as the main source of acid rain, in the eastern United States and Canada. In 1988, as part of the United Nations Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution Agreement (1979), 25 nations ratified a protocol freezing the rate of nitrogen oxides emissions at 1987 levels. The 1990 amendments to the US Clean Air Act of 1967 put in place regulations to reduce the release of sulphur dioxide from power plants by half to about 10 million tonnes per year by January 2000. A further reduction to 8.95 million tonnes was introduced in 2000 to be achieved by 2007, although it is not expected to be realized until 2010.

In Europe, the 1979 Convention is administered through the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe. The UNECE produced the first Sulphur Protocol (1985), which called for a reduction of sulphur emissions to 70 per cent of 1980 levels by 1993 (this was the only UNECE protocol not signed by the United Kingdom, although it nevertheless achieved the reduction, as did the 21 countries that did sign); the Nitrogen Oxides protocol (1988), which stipulated that total annual emissions of nitrogen oxides...

Other Essays Like Acid Rain - Essay 9

China vs Greece Essay

576 words - 3 pages /news/stories/2007/10/15/2059697.html) Carnine, Dougles, et al, World History: Ancient Civilization, McDougal Little, 2006. “Greece-Environment.” Encyclopeida of the nations, May 15, 2011, ( Mink, John, “Top 5 Endangered Heritage Cites_ acid rain,” January 9, 2001, ( World History: Ancient civilization video series on DVD, McDougal, Little: 1998 World Wild Life Fund, “Environmental problems in China.” (

Vascular Epiphytes of Far North Queensland

1341 words - 6 pages 231638 10 Division Pteridophyta - ferns 2599 9000 29 Division Cycadophyta, Gnetophyta - Gymnosperms 4 770 0.5 Division Magnoliophyta - Angiosperms 20863 221868 9 Class Magnoliopsida - dicotyledons 4253 167893 3 Class Liliopsida - monocotyledons 16610


4945 words - 20 pages Unit Title: Communications in Business 100 Assessment: Critical Essay Company: Pepsi Company Ltd Essay Title: Corporate Environmental Obligation: An examination of the performance of Pepsi Co Student Name: Chomansingh Mareachealee Student Number: 15570501 Semester: 1 2011 Campus: Charles Telfair Institute Tutor’s Name: Sarita Ramanan Tutorial Day and Time: Tuesday (11:30-13:30) GP

Grading System Is Better Than Marks

600 words - 3 pages people that rely on the water for drinking or living. How does water get polluted? It gets polluted by acid rain, oil spills, litter, insecticide mixing with fertilizers etc. 1. The emission of waste heat from an electric generating station into a lake, causing common change through their stress. 2. the discharge of nutrients containing sewer wastes, in a water body causing eutrophication. what can we do to reduce water pollution? Few

One World Essay-Nuclear Energy

943 words - 4 pages but using coal creates many major problems for example like how coal-burning can produce acid-rain, sulfur oxide discharges, carbon dioxide emissions, hazardous wastes and many other problems. These problems made many scientist concerned about the future ways of accessing energy therefore they started to research on a different way to produce energy without hurting the environment. In the 20th century, the pursuit of nuclear energy for

Earthquake in East Africa

1010 words - 5 pages hundred thousand people were evacuated from the city. The leak of lava from the fissure released twenty million cubic meters of molten lava. Gas emissions from the volcano are a cause of concern. It is the highest producer of sulphur dioxide in the world and this is a cause of acid rain which destroys crops and buildings. Fluoride is also present in the gas emissions which affects the people because they rely on collecting rain water for drinking

Week 4 Assignment Principles Of Economics

699 words - 3 pages Running Head: Essay Paper Fruit & Seeds nita brown Strayer University Mr. Kenneth Jones May 28, 2010 1 Why are some fruits sweet and some sour, whereas others have no specific taste? Each fruit has its own distinct taste, which will differ in some way form the taste of any other fruit. Fruits having more of fructose taste sweeter, while those having more acids taste sour

Realted Text Rabbit Proof Fence

885 words - 4 pages RELATED TEXT ESSAY: Rabbit Proof Fence Journeys allow individuals at any age to make certain decisions that can lead them to a better life. Obstacles occur throughout a journey, and can be overcome by the individuals intellectual mind or by assistance. The film Rabbit Proof Fence directed by Phillip Noyce depicts a leader undertaking a physical, emotional, and spiritual journey along with two others. They were returning to their families

Puerto Rico

907 words - 4 pages activities the state has. In this essay, you will learn about Puerto Rico’s well known features. No one can deny that “Three Kings Day” is a very festive activity. In Puerto Rico, children place boxes filled with grass or hay under their beds on Jan. 5. During the night, the Three Kings take the hay, meant for their camels, and replace it with presents. The Three Kings are familiar to Christians as the wise men who visited

The Effect of Wood Ashes in Hastening the Fruit Ripening of Musa Acuminata (Banana) and Mangifera Indica (Mango)

3027 words - 13 pages other methods in determining the ripeness of each fruit. BIBLIOGRAPHY Azmanam (2011) Fruit Ripening: How does it work? Chemistry Blog. Retrieved from: Agoreyo, B.O. (2010) Acid phosphatase and alkaline phosphatase activities in ripening fruit of Musa Paradisiaca L. Retrieved from: http://connection. 9/acid-phosphatase-alkaline

A Voice for Japanese Women

5855 words - 24 pages years, the number of non-elderly will decline, while the number of elderly will increase. And it has been proposed that Japan will be the first developed nation to fall below the ratio of three working adults to each elder. This growing proportion of elderly persons will p Air Pollution When looking at air pollution, we can see that there are many types, one type is acid rain. Scientists have discovered that air pollution from the burning of

Related Papers

Notes For Chemistry Essay

4102 words - 17 pages development of motor vehicles and electricity generators. Emission controls have stabilised the quality of the air around city areas but due to the increase in the usage of cars has resulted in no further improvements in air quality. * Explain the formation and effects of acid rain Acid rain is formed by the mixture of acidic oxides with the water droplets in the atmosphere. The droplets then fall to the Earth as rain. This is known

Air Pollution Essay

907 words - 4 pages rain mainly causes the erosion of buildings, destruction of crops, and many other assets. Global warming is also caused by acid rain. Many scientists predict that significant alterations in climate patterns could become more noticeable in the next few years. The global average temperature has been estimated to project an increase of as much as 9° F before the year 2100. Indoor and outdoor air pollution are the two main sources of pollution

Aspirin Synthesis Essay

2708 words - 11 pages ObjectivesTo be introduced to the concept of organic synthesis.To synthesize a sample of acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) from salicylic acid.To describe the differences between the properties of acetylsalicylic acid and salicylic acid by a simple chemical test.To determine the purity of aspirin synthesized.To compare the quality of the synthesized aspirin with commercial aspirin and salicylic acid.Measure the melting temperature of sample of

Unit 8 Terms Essay

669 words - 3 pages dissolves or otherwise changes most other materials. 7. Water cycle- the cycling of water among the water sources, atmosphere, and surface areas. 8. Desert- areas with continues severe water shortages. 9. Irrigation- the addition of water to plants to supplement the water provided by rain or snow. 10. Precipitation- the formation of rain and snow. 11. Evaporation- changing from a liquid to a vapor or gas. 12. Water shed- a large