Addiction A Cultural Category Or Biological Reality

1061 words - 5 pages

The paper notes that drug addiction is both a cultural category and a biological reality. This paper shows that the causative factors in drug addiction are both social or cultural as well as biological and that these two aspects are often intertwined. The paper comments that from a cultural perspective, drug addiction is seen as being related to peer pressure and conformity as well as economics and cultural fads. The paper explores evidence to suggest that drug and other addictions are biologically and even genetically based and that certain biological ''types" often have greater propensity and susceptibility to drug addiction.

Outline:
Introduction
Cultural factors
Biological and ...view middle of the document...

Accordingly , the changing interpretation of addiction with each
turn of the century serves as a light towards the end of discovering the
appropriate measure of finally dealing with the challenge by initially
finding out its absolute definition . It is by its definition when
addiction will finally be combated or defeated . As such , it becomes the
basis of the society 's awareness that which identifies addiction 's real
score in the society .
History of Addiction
The 21st century definition of addiction that is being used and accepted
in the society today has undergone various transitions . Originally in
the 16th century , the term addiction implied simply of one 's devotion ,
an inclination to a person or practice . There was never a negative
connotation that is associated with the term . Addiction at that time may
be attached to God , as well as it could equally be attached to lust . A
servant may also be called addicted to his master . Yet , the sense of
intensity and permanence was always implied (Krivanek , 2000 ) It is also
at this period of the century when heavy drinking was never associated
with addiction . Even with great volumes of alcohol that were drank on
occasions such as weddings , christenings , funerals and others , this has
neither produced troublesome nor stigmatized behaviours that affected
the society (Levine , 1978 )
According to Levine (1978 , the negative association of addiction began
in the late 18th century and early 19th century when Americans reported
for the first time that they were addicted to alcohol . With the growing
number of individuals admitting to their irresistibility to the effect
of liquor to their system , temperance organizations were created in the
society 's quest to solve this condition . Theories on addiction were
developed and associated habitual drunkenness into a disease . From
alcoholism then , addiction was eventually extended to other substances
that produce the same overwhelming and irresistible desire for such
substances (Room , 2003 ) Opiate was the most commonly associated
substance with addiction (Krivanek , 2000 ) It was at this period when
addiction became popular through the temperance movements trying to
solve the problem (Room , 2003 )
It was also during this century when addiction was...

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