1. THE ADMINISTRATIVE PROCESS IN EDUCATION
Administration is the ability to mobilize human and material resources with systematic arrangement in using of human and material resources, situations and opportunities for the achievement of organizational objectives.
Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â The main purpose of administration in any organization is that of coordinating the efforts of towards the achievement of its goals and to perform of executive duties, the carrying out of policies or decisions to fulfill a purpose, and the controlling of the day-to-day running of an organization.
In the daily administrative tasks of the school administrator, there are certain demands. Also there are ...view middle of the document...
Leaders/ Administrators are not only charged with legal and professional duties but they also respond to social expectations in a manner of morality.
Administrators could lead organizations through the principles of what is known as good and right; and it is included in ethic leadership (Starratt, 2004b). Society also should accept what is good and right together with the administrators in order to reach consensus. School administrators, then should act to appeal societal and cultural expectations and consider the rights of the subordinate within the community they live in.
It was suggested for teachers and leaders to be equipped with moral values in order to initiate change in and out of schools that are legitimized together with the degree of how they meet social expectations and cultural heritage, and teachers are expected to act as a leader, constructer of moral society and problem solving techniques instead of violence in class.
Leaders should adopt values in administration such as professional honor and administrative vision based on knowledge, honesty, courtesy, objective participation, and reconcile these values together with own culture harmoniously as a universal ethic standards. Society, in this respect, is the basic factor that shapes the values and culture in school in a participative community.
Ethics in the public sector is a broad topic. In general, ethics is a branch of philosophy which seeks to address morality. In the public sector, ethics addresses the fundamental premise of a public administratorâ€™s duty as a "steward" to the public. In other words, it is the moral justification and consideration for decisions and actions made during the completion of daily duties when working to provide the general services of government and nonprofit organizations. Ethics are an accountability standard by which the public will scrutinize the work being conducted by the members of these organizations.
Decisions are based upon ethical principles, which are the perception of what the general public would view as correct.
This presents a wide array of responsibilities and, therefore, adherence to ethical principles is a vital part of any administrative position.
2. THE COMPETENCIES OF AN ADMINISTRATOR
Competency is still equated or defined as skills, ability to perform, capacity, and knowledge. It requires the right and appropriate attitude that eventually translates to behavior. It is the sum total of skills, knowledge and attitudes, manifested in the employee's behavior. It is the "means" to achieve the "ends."
For Administration, competencies are vital if they want better performance in their employees. Competencies should be identified and studied. As one goes up the higher ladders of organizational positions, responsibilities widen in scope, authorities increase, and people management becomes more challenging. As a consequence, competencies will have to change or the mix of it will have to be...