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Administer Medication To Individuals And Monitor The Effects

1199 words - 5 pages


1.1 Identify current legislation, guidelines policies and protocols relevant to the administration of medication.

*The medicines act 1968
*The health and safety at work act 1974
*The misuse of drugs act 1985
*health and social care act
*Data protection act

2.1 Describe common types of medication including their effects and potential side effects.

*Analgesics:-Codeine it is used for pain relief and the side effects can be headaches, nausea and dizziness.

*Antibiotics:-Amoxicillin, it is a penicillin based antibiotics which fights bacteria in the body and fight infections. The side ...view middle of the document...

2.4 Explain the different routes of medicine administration.
*Oral-This is medication that is taken via the mouth. This can be the form of tablets and capsules. If an individual finds it difficult to swallow tablets oral medication is available in liquid, suspensions and syrups.
*Topical-topical medications come in forms of cream and gels and applied directly to the skin surface.
*Inhalation-Inhalers and nebulisers are used for individual who have respiratory conditions as these deliver the medication directly to the lungs.
*Instillation-Instillation medications comes in forms of drops or ointments and can be instilled via the eyes, nose or ears.
*Intravenous-Intravenous medication enters directly into the vein and absorbed quickly.
*Transdermal-Transdermal medication comes in form of patches that are applied to the skin, normally to the chest or upper arm. They work by allowing the medication to be released slowly and then absorbed.
*Rectal/Vaginal-Rectal medications are absorbed very quickly. Suppositories are available and are given into the rectum. Pessaries are given into the vagina.
*Subcutaneous-Subcutaneous medications are injected just beneath the skin e.g. insulin is administrated this way.
*Intramuscular-Intramuscular medication is injected directly into the large muscles in the body – i.e. the legs or bottom.
3.1 Explain the types, purpose and function of materials and equipment needed for the administration via the different.
*Oral-This is medication that is taken via the mouth commonly in forms of tablets and capsules, using a non-touch technique these should be administered, direct from blister packs. Medication cups and spoons can be used. Some tablets must not be crushed as this can change how the medication works.
*Topical-Topical medications comes in forms of cream and gels and instructions should be followed.
*Inhalation-Inhalers can be either worked by the individual when they breathe in or set automatically to activate when the individual breathes in which is measured by the doctor. Nebulisers are used when a liquid is placed into a chamber at the base of a mask, a fine mist of the medication is released into the mask and the individual inhales.
*instillation-Instillation medication come in the forms of drops and ointments and can be instilled via eyes, nose or ears. Drops, sprays and ointment tubes need to be available and instructions followed.
*Intravenous-Intravenous medication involves giving an injection. This route can only be done by a doctor or trained nurse.
*Transdermal-Transdermal medication come in the form of patches that are applied to the skin, locations of where they should be applied and how to change these will be explained in the instructions.

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