Administer Medication To Individuals, And Monitor The Effects

1901 words - 8 pages

Administer medication to individuals and monitor the effects.
Outcome 1.
Understand legislation, policy and procedures relevant to administration of medication.
1.1
Legislation.
· The Medicines Act (1968).
· Control of Stubstances Hazardrous to Health (COSHH) Regulations (1999).
· The Misuse of Drugs Act (1974).
· The Misuse of Drugs (safe custody) regulations (1973).
· Health and Social Care Act.
· Essential Standards.
· Data Protection Act.
· Hazardrous Waste Regulations.

Policy and Procedures.
· Nursing and midwifery council's standards for management and guidlines for the administration of medicines.
· The medication policy and handbook in my workplace that covers assessment of ...view middle of the document...

Anticoagulants e.g. Warfarin- Anticoagulants are used to eliminate or reduce the risks of blood clots, they are often called blood thinners, but these medicines don't really thin the blood. Instead these medications help prevent or break up clots in your blood vessels or heart. A side effect common to all anticoagulants is the riskof excessive bleeding (haemorrhages). This is because these medicines increase the time that it takes clots to form. If clots take too long to form, then you can experience excessive bleeding. Side effects may include passing blood in your urine, or faeces, severe bruising, prolonged nosebleeds (lasting longer than ten minutes), blood in your vomit, coughing up blood, unusual headaches, sudden severeback pain, difficulty breathing or chest pain. Some side effects with warfarin include rashes, diarrhoea, nausea (feeling sick) and vommiting.

2.2
For certain medications it is important that other checks are made both before and after administering medication. For example, blood sugar levels should be checked before administering insulin. An individual's pulse must also be take before administering medication for heart irregularities such as digoxin. Blood pressure must also be checked after administering medication that is used for lowering individuals blood pressure. Regular blood tests are also important if the individual is taking warfarin.
2.3
Unexpected adverse reacrions can happen for any drug potentially that an individual is taking. For example, one individual i work with has an adverse reaction to taking penicillin, anaphylactic shock: the signs of this are swelling of the lips or face, a rash and the individual may also have breathing difficulties. This is why it is important that all information about an individual is recorded in full in their care plan and MAR. Other severe adverse reactions could include a fever and skin blistering, if adverse reactions are not treated they could be fatal. These usually occur within an hour of the medication being administered. Sometimes adverse reactions can develop a few weeks after and may cause damage to the kidneys or liver. When individuals experience adverse reactions to medicines my work place policy is to inform the manager immedicatly explaining the advers reactions, the manager will inform the individual's GP and pharmacist and seek advice, unless the reactions are so serious then an ambulance wll be called, the medication will also be stopped, i must continue to observe the individual and monitor them, speaking to them and looking at them so as to ensure the individual is not deteriorating. All adverse reactions and full actions taken following advice given must be recorded in full in the individual's care plan, daily report and MAR.
2.4
Inhalation- Inhalers and nebulisers are used for individuals who have respiratory conditions as these deliver the medication dirrectly to the lungs.
Oral- This is medication that is taken via the mouth. This can be in the form of...

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