UNIT 4222 – 616 ADMINISTER MEDICATION TO INDIVIDUALS AND MONITOR EFFECTS
Outcome 1 – Understand legislation, policy and procedures relevant to administration of medication
1 There are numerous Acts and Regulations that cover the administration of medication, these include -
Health and Social Care Act
Health and Safety at Work Act 1974
COSHH (Control of substances hazardous to health)
Medicines Act 1968 stating a doctor/pharmacist is responsible for supply of medication only on receipt of a prescription)
Misuse of Drugs Act 1971. This controls the use of controlled drugs, preventing misuse of these.
Company medication policy providing administration guidelines and ...view middle of the document...
3 Common adverse reactions to medication include –
Breathing difficulties, swelling around mouth/face, nausea, vomiting, rash/blotches, confusion, hallucinations/delusions.
The side effects can be recognised by reading the information leaflet provided with the drug or by contacting the pharmacist.
Should a side effect occur, medical help must be sought and the prescribing General Practitioner and dispensing pharmacist informed. Details of the sides effects and action taken must be recorded on the Medication Administration Record and in the daily log.
2.4 Medicine can be administered by various routes such as –
Oral – swallowed by mouth such as pill or liquid
Rectal – inserted into the rectum
Intravenously – injected into a vein using a syringe or intravenous line
Infusion – injected into a vein with an intravenous line and slow drip
Intramuscular – injected into muscle through the skin using a syringe
Topical – applied to the skin
Nasal – by use of a spray or pump delivering the drug into the nose
Inhaled – inhalation through a tube or mask
Otic – ear drops
Ophthalmic – drops, ointment or gel into the eye
Sublingual – given under the tongue
Buccal – the drug is held inside the mouth against the cheek
Transdermal – skin patch
Subcutaneous – the drug is injected just under the skin
Outcome 3 – Understand procedures and techniques for the administration of medication
3.1 Whichever route medication is being administered by, gloves must be worn and hands washed both before and after administration.
ROUTE | TYPE, PURPOSE, FUNCTION OF EQUIPMENT |
Oral | Gloves should be worn to avoid cross infection. Medication cups or spoons can be used to administer oral drugs. Syringes would be used if liquid medication |
Inhalation | Inhalers are used worked by the individual or set automatically to activate when the individual breathes in. Nebulisers may also be used involving liquid placed in a chamber at the bottom of a mask. A mist of the medication is released into the mask and the individual inhales |
Transdermal | Medication administered in the form of a patch applied to the skin. Information on where to apply the patch and how to change these should be...