Adult Education Programme was launched by National Literacy Mission to improve the literacy rate in the country. Adult education is non-formal education given to adult illiterates in which they are taught the basic skills of reading, writing, counting and simple arithmetic.
A variety of adult education programmes have been implemented in India since the 1950s. There have been changes in concepts and strategies, but the focus of these programmes has been on basic literacy, numerancy and awareness. The findings of several evaluation reports and research studies on these programmes have disclosed the positive impact of adult education on the development of people, the society and the country. ...view middle of the document...
They have been taking classes in houses or other convenient public places teaching the villagers how to read and write Hindi and/or other local language.
They have been also teaching them counting and simple arithmetic including adding, subtraction, multiplying, etc. As an incentive, the villagers are given books, note books, pencils, pens and even bags.
This has brought a great change in the villagers who have received such education. Many among them have started reading newspaper daily. This way they have come to know about the major happenings in the country as well as their state. They very enthusiastically share the news they have read, with other villagers while sitting at the chopal. The awareness level of the villagers has increased.
They are able to learn about the programmes and plans of the leaders of different parties when the elections are near. Thus, they are in a better position to judge which party and candidate to be given the vote in the election. The foundations of democracy which are based on vigilant people are being strengthened.
Those who have learnt to write, now write letters and post cards to their nears and dears living in other cities. This has established a communication channel between them with letters and responses.
The emotional satisfaction and happiness, which a person gets after receiving a letter from his son, daughter, brother, sister or other close relatives also impacts positively on people’s psyche. A happy and healthy mind is always efficient in work. This also reduces domestic violence. Through education people have been able to discard some social evils. By reading articles and messages in the newspaper, many of them have given up drinking, gambling, etc. They have abandoned orthodox views and started acknowledging the fact that girl child is as important as a son. Such a change in society certainly bodes well for our society and its well-being.
By learning to count and simple arithmetic, the adults who had to depend on others to keep their account, have now started to take care of their finances themselves. This has saved them from exploitation. It has become easier for them to go to a bank, deposit or withdraw money and know the position of their accounts. Some villagers who have started using Kisan Credit Card facility are better equipped to take advantage thereof to improve their lot. The local moneylenders are not able to exploit the villagers because...