UN Involvement in Afghanistan
By: Reza Hojjati
Teacher: Mr. Hopkins
Date: May 21, 2010
Did the United Nations follow international law involving the damaged country of Afghanistan? Afghanistan has been a country full of violence and insecurity since late 1970’s. It is viewed and labelled as one of the world’s most underdeveloped countries. The United Nations had the power and authority to help this nation and grant it peace and security. Since then, the United Nations did not follow international law in solving conflicts and maintaining its goals in Afghanistan. In 1979, the Soviet Union supported the Marxist government of the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan and were against the ...view middle of the document...
With no legal justification for their military aggression against Afghanistan, the United States is in violation of the UN Charter, and has therefore committed a crime against world peace through an unprovoked attack. Even though this violation is clear, the United States is currently continuing their crime against Afghanistan and the United Nations has done nothing to stop these attacks. The United Nations did not follow international law through the wars of Afghanistan and this is not only a bad example of equality between sovereign nations, but it also proves that the United Nations will at times break international law for its own benefits.
The Soviet Union clearly broken the rules of international law as they violated articles 2(4) and 51 of UN Charter. Article 2(4) of the UN charter clearly states: “All Members shall refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any state, or in any other manner inconsistent with the Purposes of the United Nations.” (UN Charter). The Soviet Union clearly violated this article by using force against the territorial integrity of Afghanistan. Article 51 of the UN charter clearly states: “Nothing in the present Charter shall impair the inherent right of individual or collective self-defence if an armed attack occurs against a Member of the United Nations, until the Security Council has taken measures necessary to maintain international peace and security. Measures taken by Members in the exercise of this right of self-defence shall be immediately reported to the Security Council and shall not in any way affect the authority and responsibility of the Security Council under the present Charter to take at any time such action as it deems necessary in order to maintain or restore international peace and security.” (UN Charter). Clearly the Soviet Union violated this article since they did not have the authority of the UN. The United Nations’ first step in attempting to solve the conflict of the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan was through the General Assembly which passed a resolution protesting the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan by a lob-sided vote of 104-18. Most Islamic nations were also very concerned over this invasion. “Foreign ministers from 34 Islamic nations adopted a resolution which condemned the Soviet intervention and demanded the immediate and unconditional withdrawal of Soviet troops from the Muslim nation of Afghanistan.” (www.afghana.com). But this was the only action the United Nations took in regards of meddling into this clear violation of international law. The United Nations should have peacefully forced the Soviet troops out of Afghanistan by isolating the country and therefore damaging their economy status. If this action had failed, the next correct move should have been to use force and clear the Soviet troops in Afghanistan. These steps were not taken by the United Nations and therefore they...