Afghanistan Taliban And Their Downfall Essay

1419 words - 6 pages


5. Geo-Strategic Importance of Afghanistan. Afghanistan is Central Asia’s land locked country, spread over an area of 253, 861 miles. Bordered on the North by the Republics of Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, North-East by the Chinese province of Sinkiang, on the South-East by Pakistan, and on the West by Iran. Afghanistan’s geopolitical importance has been that of a buffer state first between the Tsarist Russian and the British Indian Empires and later between the Soviet Union and the American allies. In addition to it’s close proximity to the oil rich Persian Gulf and the erstwhile Soviet Union’ soft under belly added to its geopolitical ...view middle of the document...

9. Russian Invasion. During the cold war, King Mohammed Zahir Shah developed close ties with the Soviet Union, accepting extensive economic assistance from Moscow. He was deposed in 1973 and was succeeded by Mohammed Daoud, Noor Taraki, Hafizullah Amin and Babrak Karmal respectively. In 1979 Soviets, and the Soviet-backed Afghan government, were met with fierce popular resistance. Guerrilla forces, calling themselves mujahideen, pledged a jihad, to expel the invaders and they soon. became a focus of U.S. cold war strategy against the Soviet Union. In 1986, Karmal was replaced by Mohammad Najibullah. In April 1988 the USSR, U.S, Afghanistan and Pakistan signed accords calling for an end to outside aid to the warring factions. In return a Soviet withdrawal took place in Feb. 1989, but the pro-Soviet government of President Najibullah was left in the capital Kabul.
10. Consequences of Soviet Withdrawal
a. Emergence of Unipolar World/Disintegration of USSR.
b. Estb of a New World Order
c. Predilection to Former USSR States
d. Image of Soviet Armed Forces
e. Rise of Civil War and Anarchy in Afghanistan
f. Destruction of Economy
g. Rise of Fundamentalism
h. War Casualties
i. Refugee Problems for Pakistan including :-
(1) Law and Order problems
(2) Economic burden
(3) Drug culture
(4) Flow of illegal weapons
(5) Disturbed demography of N.W.F.P and Balochistan Province
(6) Partial control over small businesses particularly in N.W.F.P and Balochistan.
(7) Burden on civic amenities
(8) Increased unemployment
11. Rise of Taliban. By mid April 1992 Najibullah was ousted as Mujahideen advanced on the capital. Almost immediately the various rebel groups began fighting one another for control. Amid the chaos of competing factions a group calling itself the Taliban consisting of Islamic students seized control of Kabul in Sept. 1996. It imposed strict fundamentalist laws, including stoning for adultery and severing hands for theft. Women were prohibited from work and school and they were required to cover themselves from head to foot in public. By fall 1998 the Taliban controlled about 90% of the country and only three countries Pakistan, Saudi Arabia and the UAE recognized the Taliban as Afghanistan’s legitimate government.
12. Pre and Post 9/11 Scenario. On Aug 20 1998. U.S. cruise missiles struck a terrorist training complex in Afghanistan believed to have been financed by Osama bin Laden a wealthy Islamic radical sheltered by the Taliban. The U.S. asked for the deportation of Bin Laden whom it believed was involved in the bombing of the U.S embassies in Kenya and Tanzania on Aug . 7, 1998. The UN also demanded that the Taliban should hand over Bin Laden for trial. In Sep 2001 legendary guerrilla leader Ahmed Shah Masoud was killed by suicide bombers, a seeming death knell for the anti-Taliban forces a loosely connected group referred to as the Northern Alliance. Days...

Other Essays Like Afghanistan-Taliban and Their Downfall

Kite Runner Essay

919 words - 4 pages who wanted to do good like build an orphanage and didn’t let the power corrupt them. People had the right to do as they wanted and actually had a choice whether practice Islam of not. He mentions the kites which are a tradition in Afghanistan to have kite battles during the winter, a tradition which was later shut down by the Taliban as they took over. All of these are now a rare sight in Afghanistan today, due to the Taliban. The writer hence

Air Warfare Essay

957 words - 4 pages accurate picture of Afghanistan in order to conduct confident air operations. The first round in the war against the Taliban was diplomatic rather than military when the US put pressure on Pakistan to agree to break its ties with the Afghan regime. Afghanistan also featured some of the most rugged and forbidding terrain anywhere in the world, dominated by deep valleys, high mountain ranges, and by hard winters that made helicopter operations all

Afghanistan and Women

876 words - 4 pages The lives of women in Afghanistan compared to lives of Women in the UK. Issues with women and their rights have been a massive problem for many years. There are still many parts of the world where women are seen as inferior to men and suffer from violence and abuse, physically and mentally. I will be looking at differences of the lives of women in the UK and women in Afghanistan. Women in Afghanistan experience a lot of inequality due to their

Flannery O'Connor

553 words - 3 pages government to run the country. "the Taliban will not have a foot to stand on if the people of that country decide to band together and end tyranny and oppression." (last paragraph on pg 9) b. if we fail to accept this line of reasoning, the implications are that "the people of Afghanistan will continue to live their lives feeling isolated and cut off from spirit of unity that is needed to resist oppressive regimes." (last paragraph pg 9)8. The main point presented in this article is the future of the country of Afghanistan rests in actions or inactions of the population.

The Fight in Afghanistan, the Fight for Humanity

701 words - 3 pages Nick Hage Mrs. Bowmer 7th 11-27-10 The Fight in Afghanistan, the Fight for Humanity 9-11 was one of the worst terrorist attacks in U.S. history, but it was much more than that. It was because of this act of aggression against America that instigated the war in Afghanistan. It was because of this that the Taliban no longer govern the country. It was because of this that we’re still their today fighting against those who want us dead


1679 words - 7 pages rebuild Afghanistan into a new democratic country. Groups like Taliban and Al Qaeda want to rule with iron fists and impose their views on the total masses, these views are total opposite of what Canada stands for. Freedom of choice, basic human rights and equality of all human rights have bin the corner stone of Canadian philosophy. Canada's mission in Afghanistan is to provide security, rebuild governance and help provide a more stable

Foreign Policy

534 words - 3 pages to the American people, and we could just vacate the previous administrations efforts to fight Taliban extremists in Afghanistan. This however, is not in the interest of the United States, because of the fact that Pakistan, which borders Afghanistan, is a member of the nuclear-armed nations, and has an unstable regime in power today. Pakistan’s border with Afghanistan allows for Taliban extremists in Afghanistan to enter Pakistan’s northern

The Story of Afghanistan

2318 words - 10 pages to boost the market price for heroin. Either way heroin still flowed from Afghanistan, only at a much higher price after the Taliban's ban on opium growing, the price shot from $44 to $700 per kilogram. (CIA, 2010) This also caused speculation that the Taliban had stockpiled a large supply of the drug, and the higher proceeds allowed them further funding for military and government operations. With the September 2001 attacks on the United

Racial Discrimination in the novel The Kite Runner

988 words - 4 pages fear of assault and violence. After Hassan was abused, he would never lift his head, feeling ashamed of what had happened to him. In the late twentieth century, the Taliban, an Islamic military army, took control of Kabul. Under their control, they killed and tortured many Hazara’s. They would go door to door taking every Hazara out of their house and into the streets. There, they would shoot them all in front of people killing them as if it

Grasping the Afghan Nettle

1848 words - 8 pages crisis, the upcoming 2012 presidential election, and “realities” on the ground had bolstered arguments that the plans to remake Afghanistan’s government and economy went too far beyond the goal of safeguarding US security. influential Senators like John Kerry and Richard Lugar, both ranking leaders of their parties in the Senate are looking for a political solution in Afghanistan. Kerry looks at Osama’s killing as potentially a “game-changing


1111 words - 5 pages handed down through generations are legendary, and revenge is regarded as a necessary redress of wrongs. Afghanistan is a major supplier in the international drug trade. It is the second-largest opium producer and also produces significant quantities of hashish.Afghans have learned many ways to earn a living from their difficult environment (making about $1.30 a day). Most Afghans are settled farmers, herders, or both. Only a small bit of

Related Papers

Taliban: Insurgency Or Terrorism? Essay

1121 words - 5 pages industry. However, this is a livelihood for many Afghan farmers and is very profitable. The Eradication of the poppy plants has only created more poverty and anger amongst the general population, and unfortunately, the Taliban is welcoming them and their trade with open arms. This war has shifted into a multi-facet operation. Whereas before the western nations had kicked the Taliban out of Afghanistan and we’re hunting down Al-Qaeda forces and

Afghanistan After 2014 Essay

1263 words - 6 pages being responsive to domestic American sentiment, withdrawal is sensible, since the principal US aim of destroying Al Qaeda ‘Central’ in Afghanistan has been largely achieved and the Taliban-Pakhtun insurgency is unlikely to be suppressed militarily. The US secretary of state accepted the natural corollary-negotiations with the Taliban. Some well-publicised initiatives were launched for this purpose. Pakistan offered its help and conveyed the

Afghanistan Essay

1169 words - 5 pages between Afghanistan and Pakistan threatening both countries. This cannot be solved unless we stop the Taliban also know as al-Qaeda. “NATO should not be fighting this war in Afghanistan.” Independent (London, England) 8 February 2008: 44. Global Issues in Context. Web. 15 April 2012. This article is about how NATO, also known as North Atlantic Treaty Organization, should not be fighting in the war in Afghanistan. Their argument is that they did not start the war so they should not be fighting. There is no way to solve this problem because NATO is already in the war and they cannot just stop fighting.

Canadian Troops In Afghanistan Essay

3982 words - 16 pages Taliban refused and as a result the U.S had no choice but to set off bombs in Afghanistan. Until this day Afghanistan is still fighting for freedom and are trying to overcome the many barriers that are preventing them from reaching their destination. Many significant events have happened in the world, but one event that occurred and is still an ongoing situation with no resolution was the attack in September 11th, 2001. There were numerous