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African Americans And Their Fight For Equality

1476 words - 6 pages

African Americans and Their Fight for Equality
Tiffany Brown
HIS 204
July 2, 2012
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African Americans and Their Fight for Equality
I have chosen to write about how African-American worked to end
segregation, discrimination and isolation. There has been much work through the years to
end segregation, discrimination and isolation and some things that have tried to be done
without the use of violence. Today African-Americans still have to deal with others and
their perceptions on segregation, discrimination and isolation.
According to Lawson (2010), racial segregation was a system derived from the
efforts of white Americans to keep African Americans in subordinate status by ...view middle of the document...

Discrimination is the unjust or
prejudicial treatment of different categories of people or things especially on the grounds of
race, age, ethnicity, religion, or sex. Isolation is the process of separating somebody or
something from others. Reconstruction after the Civil War posed serious challenges to
white supremacy and segregation, especially in the South where most African Americans
continued to live. The abolition of slavery in 1865, followed by ratification of the
Fourteenth Amendment (1868) extending citizenship and equal protection of the law to
African Americans and the Fifteenth Amendment (1870) barring racial discrimination in
voting, threatened to overturn the barriers whites had erected to keep blacks separate and
unequal (Lawson, 2010). African Americans did gain admission to desegregated public
accommodations, but racial segregation, or Jim Crow as it became popularly known,
remained the custom.
There are many civil rights leaders who worked and came together to do everything
possible to put an end to segregation, discrimination and isolation such as Martin Luther
King Jr., Rosa Parks, Malcom X and John F. Kennedy and many more leaders. According
to the Henry Ford (2008), Rosa Parks initiated a new era in the American quest for freedom
and equality by refusing to give up her seat for a white man she was later convicted of
violating the laws of segregation, known as “Jim Crow Laws”. She appealed her conviction
and it formally challenged the legality of segregation and she and other members of the
NAACP got together to organize the Montgomery Bus Boycott. According to Cozzens
(1997), the Montgomery Bus Boycott began in when the boycott began; no one expected it
to last for very long. There had been boycotts of buses
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1. Very good job catching us
up from 1619-1865 in terms
of the history of slavery

African Americans and Their Fight for Equality
by blacks before, most recently in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, in 1953. A one-day boycott,
followed three months later by a weeklong boycott, resulted in buses that were more
desegregated but that still had some seats reserved for whites as well as some for blacks.
On Thursday, December 8, the fourth day of the boycott, King and other MIA officials met
with officials and lawyers from the bus company, as well as the city commissioners, to
present a moderate desegregation plan similar to the one already implemented in Baton
Rouge and other Southern cities, including Mobile, Alabama. Blacks returned to the buses
on December 21, 1956, over a year after the boycott began. But their troubles were
not over. Snipers shot at buses, forcing the city to suspend bus operations after 5 P.M. A
group tried to start a whites-only bus service (Cozzens, 1997). Even though the bus boycott
didn’t resolve all the issues, yet it did end the troubles that blacks had to go thought o ride
on the same bus as whites. On September 4, 1957 in Little Rock, Arkansas, the...

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