This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

African History Essay

1694 words - 7 pages

The economic and social developments in countries have been undertaken by approaches. Some countries developed using the Marxism theory and late switch to capitalism while others maintained either capitalism or socialism. In this paper I will explain in detail the two approaches and recommend one approach as the right way to human development according to my opinion.
Karl Marx has the most honored place. He is regarded as the founder of communism which had taken deep roots in many countries of the world. He is one of the intelligent man who influenced the masses with his writing and teaching. The great man’s works are significant from the point of view even in economics. His teachings became ...view middle of the document...

Industrial revolution and other changes took place at the same time. In this atmosphere, a new class of workers who were referred to as proletariat emerged against the class of capitalists.
The relations of production relate the class structure of a society is unique and is characterized by the following;
* The organization of labour as a scheme of division and corporation, the skill of labour and the status of labour in the social context with respect to degrees of freedom or servitude.
* The geographical environment and the knowledge of the use of resources and materials.
* Technical means and processes and state of science generally.

According to Marx, every society class structure consists of the propertied and non-propertied classes. Since the mode of production is subject to change, a stage comes in the evolution of a society when the forces of production come into clash with the societys class structure. The existing property relations “turn into fetters” on the force of production then comes the period of social revolution. This leads to the class struggle between the haves and the have not’s, which ultimately overthrows the whole social system. Under Marxism theory, the means of production are owned by public enterprises or cooperatives. The individuals are compensated based on the principle of individual contribution. (Allan E 2010 Page 88)
There is equal opportunity for all. Large scale industries are cooperative efforts and the returns from these industries must be returned to and benefit society as a whole.
Economic activity and production are planned by the central planning authority and based on human consumption needs and economic demands.
Socialists believe economic inequality is bad for society and the government is responsible for reduced programs that do not benefit the poor. Under this approach there is absence of monopolistic practice. There is great effience and great social welfare. There is also business fractuation.
Capitalism is the port of economic system where production are owned and managed by private individuals and institutions. It is the econ0mic individualism where individuals are the ones to decide what and how much to produce and distribute.
Capitalism means the production and distribution of goods (Land, Factories, Technology, Transfer system) are owned by a small minority of people. We refer to this group of people as the capitalist class. The majority of the people must sell their ability to work in return for a wage or salary.
In this economic theory, the state is to take care of only internal and external security of the country. Normally, the activities related to defense, police, administration and courts of justice are controlled by the government. This is a private enterprise economy characterized by the existence of business fluctuations and considerable unemployment. In capitalism there will be considerable ups and downs swing of the business cycle with the inevitable repercussions on the...

Other Essays Like African History

The History Of Hate Crimes Of African Americans And How It Became A Controverial Issue Today

2096 words - 9 pages African Americans have suffered and struggled throughout their history due to a variation of factors. One main factor involved in causing this is due to the racial prejudice and hate crimes perpetrated against them. In the United States, there have been movements and laws to protect these individuals from such acts of hatred; but injustice continues today as it has in past years. Although, hate crimes are against the law, individuals continue to

African Literature Essay

4322 words - 18 pages CHAPTER I – INTRODUCTION Literary works written in South Africa or written by South Africans living in other countries come under South African literature. South Africa has a very rich and diverse literary history. Realism being the dominating feature in the production of fiction in South African literature. The authors try to capture the country’s chaotic history and that of the experiences of its people. Fiction has been the dominating genre

African Americans

1704 words - 7 pages African Writers Portrayal of Slavery Introduction: When they think of the Civil War, we think of slavery, the Constitution, and African Americans. As stated by Frederick Douglass, 4 July is a, “celebration of the gross injustice and cruelty to which he is the constant victim“. (Douglass, 134). Douglass clearly states that the constitution had nothing to do with Africans at all, but caters to the white race. It is a celebration of

African Famine

2683 words - 11 pages The African famine is a world event that has been reoccurring throughout the history of Africa. The famine is caused by things such as war, drought, global warming and corrupt leaders. Recently the causes of famine have shifted with the outbreak HIV virus. With HIV killing thousands of famers each year it is affecting the output of valuable food making famine get worse. Corrupt government is the main cause of the famine in Africa because of

African Tribes

4912 words - 20 pages history. Groups vary in size from a few hundred members to several millions. The best-known ones include the Zulu (once feared as warriors in South Africa), the Swahili (language is spoken throughout eastern Africa, in Tanzania and Kenya official language, live along the eastern African coast between Somalia and Mozambique) and the Kikuyu (is the largest group in Kenya, live in the uplands of Nairobi).The first Bantu probably lived in what is now

African American Letter

571 words - 3 pages Dear Friend, I am writing you in an attempt to educate you on the history of my racial group, African Americans. African Americans did not arrive in America through the traditional ways of immigration, but instead were forced to leave their homeland by African slave traders. African Slave traders sold African Americans to American Southerners to work as slaves on their plantations. During this time, African Americans were held captive

African American Histiry

1005 words - 5 pages African American History Schnell Collins May 1, 2012 COURSE SYLLABUS College of Humanities ETH/125 Version 7 Cultural Diversity Back between the 1700s and 1800s African Americans came to America as slaves. My grandfather was one of the millions of African American Slaves. When I was a little girl my grandfather told me a horrible story that his father told him about how he would get whipped to the point to where he urinated in his

AFRICAN-AMERICAN OR BLACK

1593 words - 7 pages being referred to as "Blacks," "Coloreds," and "Negroes," For this reason we should not teach against or say that the use of the word "Black" is wrong. The preservation of words such as these commemorates the history, culture, and the pride that we have regardless of how we are defined.While "African-American" is a much better definition, the word "Black" can be used without many problems to describe someone. When my friends use the word "Black

South African Apartheid

996 words - 4 pages . This became the beginning fall of the South African Apartheid. White, Dymond, Chacko, Bradshaw. (2011) Essentials of World Regional Geograpy 2nd Edition. Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill Learning Solutions. Davenport, (1997) T. R. H. South Africa. A Modern History. MacMillan. Eiselen, (1948) W. W. N. The Meaning of Apartheid, Race Relations.

The Pan African Consciousness

1008 words - 5 pages “I know no national boundary where the Negro is concerned. The whole world is my province until Africa is free” (Garvey). These words by Marcus Garvey perfectly illustrate the spirit of unification that characterized the attitude of many people of African Descent as a direct result of the callous treatment that Africa as a whole suffered at the hands of Europeans. Europe not only ravished Africa of a significant resource in the millions of

African Writing in English

5364 words - 22 pages (1958) is one of the most widely read and discussed works of African fiction. In his first novel, Things Fall Apart, Achebe retold the history of colonization from the point of view of the colonized. The novel depicted the first contact between the Igbo people and European missionaries and administrators. Since its publication, Things Fall Apart has generated a wealth of literary criticism grappling with Achebe's unsentimental representations of

Related Papers

African American History Essay

835 words - 4 pages Zhane’ Green Professor Kevin Williamson History 104 January 17, 2016 Writing Assignment #2 The development of the early black leaders in America was very fascinating. Some of these leaders help us throughout the world for slavery for black and whites getting along and etc. Some of the leaders has change a lot in this world until today but there is still a lot of whites and blacks that are not getting along and killing each other

South African History And Purposes Essay

1027 words - 5 pages South African History and Purposes South Africa’s settlement spans over thousands of years. The first people living there were the San, who were descendants of prehistoric Africans. This group was the only inhabitants of the region for many years. Eventually others learned about the land, and about 2,000 years ago people who spoke Bantu languages arrived. Then in the 1400’s Europeans started to visit South Africa, but did not begin to settle

How Far African Americans Have Come So Far In History

660 words - 3 pages Running Header: Twenty first century history How far African Americans have come so far in History Laura VanDee Kaplan University John Ragan August 10, 2010 How far African Americans have come so far in History President Barack Obama II has changed history that has been in the making for the past 200 years. Who would have ever thought that we would have an African American for President? As Barack Obama stated in his first speech

Benjamin Quarles: The African American Registry Negro History Bulletin, Rosalyn Terborg Peen

521 words - 3 pages PAGE PAGE 1 Cassandra Rush Benjamin QuarlesBenjamin Quarles served as a model to a whole generation of scholars in African-American history. According to "A Journal for Literary and Artistic African American Themes", Quarles was one of the finest, most original historians of his generation. He was born in Boston, Massachusetts January 23, 1904. Quarles was the son of a subway porter. Quarles went to school at age 23 and received his Bachelors