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African Slave Trade Essay

1640 words - 7 pages

The impact on the African slave trade during 16th centuries to 19th centuries was huge. The economy of those countries which allowed African slave trade grew bigger and bigger. For instance, America, a huge land that had nothing before the trade, started to gain some profit out of farming and increased hugely on population. They used a big amount of African slaves to farm and work. And this created the economy better in America. Also Europeans, which were only one million people brought up 5.5 million African slaves (men, women, children) to the Western Hemisphere. 80 % out of 5.5 million slaves were enslaved as a field worker (sugar). With all of those slaves working in the West Hemisphere, ...view middle of the document...

It was very common for the slaves to have scars on the back or blood all over the body. Slaves’ lives did not matter to anyone. They were treated just like items that can easily sold or bought. Some of the owners treated their slaves well because they were expensive but the inexpensive ones were treated badly.
Men and women planted, harvested, and removed weeds and other unwanted plants from the land. Young men had to work in their fields as well. For children, they had to pull out weeds, pick insects off of the crops, and took water (supplies) to other workers. There were several different plantation types. Most of the plantations were rice, sugar, and tobacco. Each had a difficult or dangerous way during the work for the slaves. For instance, in South Carolina rice plantation, the danger of the job provided the unhealthy swamps that were needed to make up the rice field and poisonous snakes that lived inside the swamp. Also even the mud and the swamp that made up the rice field exhausted the slaves immensely. The sugar cane plantations were also painfully worked out because of the danger from the tools used and the natural hazards. At the harvest times, many slaves were ill or died just because of the hard work that they did at the fields.
Most of the houses of the African slaves were simple wooden huts with some basic furniture inside. The only way for the house or the shelter to be better was the owner. If the owner particularly favored the slave, that slave was able to get more furniture from the owner. However, most of the rooms of the African slaves were messy, small, and awful. For the slaves who worked at small fields, their home would be just a place where they can sleep, usually in outbuildings or barn. This was because the owner did not have enough money to build them a house. African slaves that were forced to come and work had to sleep in those unpleasant houses.
The treatment on the slaves when going to the ports was too harsh. First the slaves were abducted randomly from the poor to the rich. Most of them were just randomly taken by European merchants and were taken to the ports. Young men were captured the most and so the families of the Africans usually were separated a lot. After kidnapping those innocent Africans, European merchants forced them to walk in a line to the European coastal port; sometimes as far as 1,000 miles. Shackled, only half of the people were able to make the death marches until the port. Those who were exhausted or sick were often killed during the path or left behind to die. When they reached the port, Europeans forced the slaves to go inside the underground dungeon, where the slaves can stay at the place for the ships to come. Sometimes some slaves had stay in there for a year waiting for the ship to come and pick them up. Many slaves had never seen the sea before and never been on a ship. They had no knowledge of where they were going or what awaited them there but to wait inside the underground...

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