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Alexander The Great Essay

653 words - 3 pages

Alexander the Great

Background and early career influences – Olympia’s – She was proud, intelligent and ambitious. Plutarch describes her as “A women of jealousy and vindictive temper who incited Alexander to oppose his father’ Olympia’s was obsessed with her son and his eventual success of becoming The King of Macedonia. Her influence was considerable. She spoilt him and boosted his confidence.

Phillip – King of Macedonia, had recently rebuilt the Macedonian state and promoted it to a leading position within the Balkan peninsula, both politically and militarily. Alexander represented Phillips hopes to extend and develop that power.

Leonidus ( First Tutor) – Served discipline and ...view middle of the document...

When Xerxes invaded Greece (480 BC) the Athenians were sent to Delphi to seek guidance from the Oracle. There was much argument regarding the Oracles decision to defend themselves with “wooden walls”. However, Themistocles insisted that this was the best decision and interpreted them to be the ships of the navy.

While the Spartans attempted to hold the pass at Thermopylae, a fleet of 300 ships, 200 of which were Athenian aimed to stem the advance of the Persian Navy at Artemisium. Although the Greeks were outnumbered, the narrow straights worked to their advantage and the battle ended in a draw. Concerned that the Greeks would be surrounded they withdrew to Salamis.

When Themistocles left Artimisium he had an inscription carved on the beach where he assumed the Persians would land, urging the Greeks from Ionia to change sides. Even if none of them did so Themistocles calculated, the Persians would still be suspicious that some of the Greeks might defect and might not deploy them as efficiently as they might...

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