Alleged Communist plots were gradually growing post World War II and through the 1940s – 1950s, there was a fear to undermine Australian Society. Across the globe Britain, American and Australia had an underlying fear, which was the revolt of suburban security being taken away by the cause of communist plots. Australia’s attitude towards this was to attempt to expose and remove all communists and communist plots across all of society within Australia. (Skwirk, 2014)
Fear of communists within there own society was definitely a threat that was in the mind of the Australian government but also the fear of communist invasion from outside of Australia.
After World War II and the problems ...view middle of the document...
In 1950, Menzies introduced the Communist Party Dissolution Bill; this bill was accepted by federal parliament. Menzies clamied, “Australia must be placed on a semi-war footing which will involve restrictions on many civil liberties.”
This was an approach, which was taken to try outlaw the Communist Party, permit the government to take possession of all property belonging to the Communist Party, and to prohibit anyone declared as a communist from holding a job in the trade union movement or in a government organization. (Martin, 2000)
In the legislation there is a section that states that once the accused has been confirmed a communist, it is up to the accused to prove his or her innocence. This section of the legislation enraged many citizens, as they believed that it was against an individual’s rights and their freedom. The Bill was challenged in the Australian High court by the Australian Communist Party and they argued that, “only during wartime should a democratic government have the power to control the rights of citizens.”
It was later agreed by the High Court and the Bill was then revoked and made unconstitutional.
Menzies then later responded and announced his intention to, “go to the people through a referendum to outlaw and crush the Communist Party in Australia.”
An increase of fear of communism arose in the 1950s after the defeat of the referendum; the hunt for communists within Australia was not over. People were afraid that communists might be everywhere, waiting for a chance to start a revolution… a communist revolution. (Retroactive pg. 225, 2010)
Korea was split between two governments after World War II; an anti-communist government in the south and a communist government in the north. In 1950, the North Korean government decided to attempt and unify the country by force. The Western world viewed this event as a communist threat to democracy and world peace. America decided that it is the Western world’s responsibility to defend South Korea against North Korea. Australia also decided to help and sent troops to assist. The Australian Government believed that sending troops over to help was a stand against another domino falling to Chinese communism, a sign of the loyalty of Australia to a powerful ally, the United States, a diplomatic gesture ensuring that if Australia is in danger Australia could call on her allies in the event of a communist attack and also because they thought it was a ‘forward defence’ strategy believing that the threat could be finish before it met Australian soil. (Retroactive pg. 223, 2010)
The ANZUS Agreement of 1951 was the agreement that either Australia, New Zealand and the United States would come to one another’s aid if there were an attack. The SEATO alliance of 1954 was the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization provided for defensive action if the United States, Britain, France, Australia, New Zealand, Thailand, The Philippines or Pakistan, South Vietnam, Cambodia or Laos were...