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Alzheimer Disease Symptoms Essay

2959 words - 12 pages

ALZHEIMER
ΧΑΡΑΚΤΗΡΙΣΤΗΚΑ.
Γεροντική-χρόνια-προοδευτική-φλοιώδης. (πρώιμη – όψιμη)
Α-συμπτωματικά : μνημονική κάμψη (ιππόκαμπος) - επειδή είναι σύμπτωμα γήρατος δεν αναγνωρίζεται εύκολα.
Σαφή συμπτώματα: έκπτωση κοινωνικής και επαγγελματικής λειτουργικότητας, δεν παρακολουθεί τον λόγο - έκπτωση της γνήσιας ανθρώπινης επικοινωνίας, περιορισμός γλωσσικού πλούτου, εκτελεστικές ...view middle of the document...

ν. ή το αντίθετο. Του δίνουμε ρόλους για δράση, ομαλή επαναφορά από ονειροπόληση.

Είδη μνήμης που παραβλάπτονται:
1. Οσφρητική μνήμη
2. Οπτική μνήμη ( οπτική αντίληψη)
3. Απτική μνήμη
4. Ακουστική μνήμη (ψυχοσημασιολογική αντίληψη)
5. Γευστική μνήμη – χάνουν τα επιθήλεια της γλώσσας. Αίσθηση παγωμένου-καυτού.

ΘΕΡΑΠΕΙΑ
Φαρμακευτική αγωγή: αναστολείς της χολινεστεράσης – ενίσχυση γνωσιακών ικανοτήτων και επιβράδυνση γνωσιακής έκπτωσης > ελαφρά μορφή DAT. Μεμεντίνη-δρα στους υποδοχείς γλουταμινικού. Για διεγερση: χαμηλή δόση αντιψυχωτικού. Τα υπναγωγα – βενζοδιαζεπίνες δρουν αθροιστικά σε οργανικά συμπτώματα (καρδιαγγειοπάθεις – πνευμονοπάθειες – τακρίνη (ηππατοτοξικότητα))
Μεσογειακή διατροφή – φυλλικό οξύ Β9(πράσινα), αντιοξειδωτικές ουσίες Β6, διακοπή τοξικών ουσιών και βλαβερών συνηθειών. Αποφυγή> χοληστερίνη, πίεση, ζάχαρο, παχυσαρκία, χαμηλό επίπεδο εκπαίδευσης.

ΕΡΩΤΗΣΕΙΣ
1. Ποιες διαταραχές ομιλίας παρουσιάζουν οι ασθενείς DAT;
2. Ποιες γλωσσικές ανεπάρκειες αρχικά (2) και στα μεσαία (3) στάδια;
3. Ποιες είναι οι κυριότερες δοκιμασίες γλωσσικών ικανοτήτων;
4. Ποιες επιπτώσεις έχει η έκπτωση της σημασιολογικής μνήμης;
5. Πώς γίνεται η μη φαρμακευτική παρέμβαση σε ασθενείς με γλωσσικά ελλείμματα λόγω άνοιας; Αναπλαισιώνουμε επανορθωτικά...

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