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America The Decisive Years A Discussion On Slavery; Britain's Treatment Of The Colonies And Weaknesses Of The Articles Of Confederation

1390 words - 6 pages

AbstractThe mistreatment of our fellow humans is nothing new. Throughout history the fear of the unknown and fear of what is different has caused cultures to treat each other in substandard ways. Only through education can we hope to celebrate the differences among us.Tell how African slaves came to the New World and their likely living conditions upon arrival.John Barbot, an agent for the French Royal African Company, made at least two voyages to the West Coast of Africa, in 1678 and 1682 (Mintz, Stephen, 2002). Barbot recounts that "those blacks" were sold as prisoners of war by their own countrymen (Barbot, 1732). Barbot was also amazed that families sold their own children (Barbot, ...view middle of the document...

Slaves commonly lived in log huts on the bare ground. The log huts were crudely built and let in all nature's elements. There was no furniture; beds consisted of hay and rags tossed in a corner, boxed in if they were lucky. They were given barely enough food to subsist and very little clothing, perhaps one outfit in the winter and half an outfit in the summer (Drew, 1856). In contrast, indentured servants were often allowed a room in the main house (Heavrin, 1986)Discuss the evolution of Britain's treatment of the North American colonies from the Seven Years War to the American Revolution.During the Seven Years War the British ignored the American Colonies. When the war ended, the British found themselves deeply in debt. The attempt to levy taxes in order to pay these costs is what creates the tension that leads to the American Revolution, beginning largely with the Stamp Act in 1765. The Stamp Act was designed purely to generate income and could only be obtained with British Sterling rather than local paper currency. The issuance of such a tax was a smaller problem than the lack of representation used to levy such a tax. Parliament saw no problem with this action, they owned the American colonies. However, in the colonists' minds, they had no representation. There were no members of Parliament that they had elected, and no members of Parliament that they considered able to speak for them. The colonists convened a congress to address this issue and came up with some rudimentary rights, called the Stamp Act Resolves. Parliament treated the colonists' requests as childish and dismissed the requests. A protest movement soon emerged in the American colonies complete with mob uprisings, strong arm tactics and a boycott of British goods.The Non-Importation strategy had its desired effect. Lord Rockingham, Lord Grenville's successor, repealed the Stamp Act and put in its place the Declaratory Act. Lord Townshend soon replaced Lord Rockingham and instituted the Townshend Acts, taxing everything imported into the colonies. Townshend also reorganized the Customs Service with the Revenue Act. The Sons of Liberty and other leaders again organized a successful boycott of British goods.In an effort to aid the East India Tea Company, Parliament passed the Tea Act, ensuring a monopoly to help the ailing tea company. The colonists saw through the thinly veiled tax and rebelled. One rebellious incident, dubbed "The Boston Tea Party" took place in December of 1773. Parliament reacted to all the rebellion with the Coercive Acts, closing the port of Boston until the tea was paid for. The Coercive acts also altered the Massachusetts charter, forbidding public gatherings and allowing British soldiers to commandeer any private residence.The Intolerable Acts led to action on the part of the colonists. Because they believed that Parliament had no control over them, fifty-five delegates gathered in Philadelphia in September of 1774 for...

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