American Eugenics: Race, Queer Anatomy, And The Science Of Nationalism

1157 words - 5 pages

American Eugenics: Race, Queer Anatomy, and the Science of Nationalism
Works Cited Missing

Nancy Ordover argues that current attempts to regulate marginalized social groups are eugenicist movements couched in new language. While "today, the preoccupation with immigrant fertility is couched in concerns over expenditures rather than in classic eugenicist worries over the depletion of the national gene pool" (54), that supposed strain on the national economy presented by immigration is still located in immigrant's reproduction, although it is less frequently explicitly the "whiteness" of the nation that is threatened. This fear of reproduction by people cast as a drain on the nation is ...view middle of the document...

The optimistic belief that the discovery of such a gene would naturalize homosexuality, and form a legal basis for equal rights has no merit when the "gay gene" is simply the newest incarnation of the pathologization of the queer body.

These debates create and reaffirm notions of who constitutes the nation, and who can be excluded. This "physical and ideological construction of the nation is a project that can never be completed, requiring constant monitoring and patrolling of literal and figurative borders" (6). Eugenics, she argues, employs and
rationalizes "both 'inclusive' and 'exclusive' racism" (xv), exclusive racism being racism that attempts to eliminate marginalized or oppressed groups from the nation, and inclusive racism that which attempts to reify oppressive structures and hierarchies within the nation.

Eugenic arguments build on themselves, depending on already formed social hierarchies on which to base new ones. One eugenics advocate noted that "over 2,000,000 immigrants [are] below the average Negro" (26) on a series of IQ tests, the racist and eugenic history of which are well documented. The construction of African Americans as inferior served to further alienate immigrants from the nation, for they fell below what was actively constructed as the bottom of the American social ladder. Analogies such as these, Ordover argues, are essential to a eugenic rational; "enshrined" social prejudices and hierarchies are transposed onto a second issue, while simultaneously reinforcing the first. The very power of such analogies rest their ability to "bring together a system of implications, whereby other features previously associated with only one subject in metaphor are brought to bare on the other" (100). Here, anti-immigrant sentiment was given a helpful structure of American inferiority and superiority with which to understand immigration.

With the case of the active control and limiting of poor women's reproduction, Ordover outlines the limits of liberalism, and the possibilities it holds for collusion with eugenicist philosophies and practices. "While liberal philosophy can encompass a critique of institutional biases and injustice, it remains grounded in a belief that these can be offset by individual exercises of choice and responsibility, for example, birth control use" (128). She cites as particularly troubling the increasing tendency for judges to sentence poor women to jail terms, and offer birth control or sterilization as an alternative sentence, financial incentives for women on welfare to accept Norplant, and the targeting of "developmentally delayed women, women with drug addiction, and women in...

Other Essays Like American Eugenics: Race, Queer Anatomy, And The Science Of Nationalism

Race and the South Essay

2593 words - 11 pages American South lived like in the twentieth century. As a result, one cannot fail but notice that there is one recurring issue in almost every novel in contemporary Southern fiction; the issue of race. (Sundquist 1994) Authors usually write stories which are a reflection of the attitudes and the norms of their time and contemporary Southern fiction reflects this. The southern part of the United States has always had a large percentage of people of

The Role of Nationalism and World-Mindedness on Consumer Buying Behavior of Domestic and Foreign Products

5258 words - 22 pages Sultan Qaboos University College of Economics & Political science MBA The role of nationalism and worldmindedness on consumer buying behavior of domestic and foreign products Done by: Badria Al Rashdi and Huda Al Hajri Submitted to: Dr. Maha Al Balushi The role of nationalism and world-mindedness on consumer buying behavior of domestic and foreign products May 2013 Table Of Contents:  Abstract………………………………………………………………..3  Introduction

Nationalism and Sectionalism in the 1800's

926 words - 4 pages The first six decades of the 19th century in American history are witness to the rival, contending forces of nationalism and sectionalism. Nationalism, a devotion to the interests and culture of one’s nation, played a major role is shaping our economy. The idea of expanding America had triggered a major movement to go west. The Monroe Doctrine, which was introduced to Congress by President Monroe himself, was an outcome of this great idea of

What Does It Mean to Be an American? Patriotism, Nationalism, and American Identity After 9/11

5537 words - 23 pages , 14–25. de Figueiredo, R., & Elkins, Z. (2003). Are patriots bigots? An inquiry into the vices of ingroup pride. American Journal of Political Science, 47, 171–188. Druckman, D. (1994). Nationalism, patriotism, and group loyalty: A social psychological perspective. Mershon International Studies Review, 38, 43–68. Feshbach, S. (1994). Nationalism, patriotism and aggression: A clarification of functional differences. In L. Huesmann (Ed

The Justification Of Science

4897 words - 20 pages . Rousseau and Roy Porter, eds. New York: Cambridge University Press. Stein, George J. (1988). “Biological Science and the Roots of Nazism.” American Scientist 76 (1): 50-58. Weikart, Richard. (1993). “The Origins of Social Darwinism in Germany, 1859-1895.” Journal of the History of Ideas 54: 469-488. Weinstein, Jay and Nico Stehr. (1999). “The power of knowledge: race science, race policy, and the Holocaust.” Social Epistemology 13 (1): 3-36.

The Science Of Soccer

458 words - 2 pages The Science of SoccerSoccer, the world's most popular sport is played by people of all ages around the globe. Like any other sport, many scientific laws and terms are applied to it.How the game is played Soccer is played by two teams of eleven people on a field a little bit bigger than a football field. The object of the game is to kick the ball into the other teams goal, which is guarded by a goalie.Newton's 3 laws Newton's 3 laws of motion

The Success of Science

643 words - 3 pages Scıence has gradually been improving so rapidly for eras.More than one hundred experiments are conducted by groups of scıentısts every year and the overwhelmıng majorıty of them attains successful consequences.However some of scıentıfıc tests are sometımes exposed to heavy crıtıcısım because of some culturel,social and relıgious values or ıdeologıcal approaches.The study of clonıng ıs one of the scıentıfıc tests whıch are harshly crıtıcızed by

Religion and Science in the Parable of the Unjust Steward

3091 words - 13 pages goods and possessions of the Lord, that is, destroys the man of the world. I could here provide examples of the number of suicides in the materially most advanced countries; of the irreversible changes in the climate of the Earth caused by the race for material benefits; of the threat of mankind's nuclear self-annihilation; and so on. These examples are correct but a bit crude. The most terrible thing is a man's endeavor to turn spiritual things

The Science of Customs and Rituals in Hindu Dharma

3901 words - 16 pages THE SCIENCE OF CUSTOMS AND RITUALS IN HINDU DHARMA What is the definition of a Hindu : Aa sindho: sinduparyantham yasya bhaaratha bhoomikaa maathru bhoo: pithru bhoo (punya) schaiva sa vai Hindu iti smruthaa: whomsoever, is considering the land between the sapta sindu ( Indus valley river) upto Indian ocean as the motherland/ fatherland and holy land, is known as Hindu. This land is known as Hindustanam which is defined as

Race: The Cultural And Political Power Of An Illusion In Latin America

1902 words - 8 pages development of Latin American society, it was a great tool for the ones in power to regulate and people and separate them in social casts. Work Cited Brattain, Michelle. "Race, Racism and Antiracism: UNESCO and the Politics of Presenting Science to the Postwar," American Historical Review, Vol. 112, No. 5 (2007), p. 1386-1413. Schwartz, Stuart, "Colonial Identities and the Sociedad de Castas," Colonial Latin American Review, Vol. 4, No.1

Compair and Contrast of Race / Ethnicity

1074 words - 5 pages Compare and Contrast of Race/Ethnicity ENG 125 Introduction to Literature September 3, 2012 Racial background and ethnicities are represented in the short stories “Country Lovers”, and “The Welcome Table.” Both these stories have a main character or protagonist black female. Both of these women deal with some degree of discrimination because of their color. The theme of these stories is the hardships that these

Related Papers

Leith Mullings' On Our Own Terms: Race, Class, And Gender In The Lives Of African American Women

890 words - 4 pages The Author of this book (On our own terms: race, class, and gender in the lives of African American Women) Leith Mullings seeks to explore the modern and historical lives of African American women on the issues of race, class and gender. Mullings does this in a very analytical way using a collection of essays written and collected over a twenty five year period. The author’s systematic format best explains her point of view. The book explores

The Sociology Of Race And Ethnicity

600 words - 3 pages Associate Level Material Appendix B The Sociology of Race and Ethnicity Match race and ethnicity key terms with their correct descriptions: 1. Copy each key term from the Key Terms list below. 2. Paste each key term into the cell to the right of its matching description. Key Terms: Stereotype, Gender group, Pluralism, Sociology, Minority group, Assimilation, Conflict perspective, Segregation, Ethnic group, Racism, Class

Anatomy Of The Female Reproductive System

614 words - 3 pages ANATOMY OF THE FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM The female reproductive system consists of external and internal structures. Other anatomic structures that affect the female re- productive system include the hypothalamus and pituitary gland of the endocrine system. 
External Genitalia 
The external genitalia (the vulva) include two thick folds of tissue called the labia majora and two smaller lips of delicate tissue called the labia minora

An Article On The Anatomy, Funtion And Significance Of The Compact Disk

2608 words - 11 pages Compact disk (CD)The original creation of the compact disk began with the videodisk in the form of Video Long Play (VLP) read only systems. Despite the introduction of a few writes _ once optical disks of different formats and sizes. The videodisk was not commercially successful.Phillips and Sony jointly introduced the CD_DA (compact disk digital audio) to the market in 1982.These systems became a colossal success, probably due to its high