The United States Constitution
A list of laws that a country and its people must follow.
Organizes the government
Tells the states how they will work together and what rights they have.
Tells the people what rights they have.
Most important document in America!
The Preamble to the United States Constitution
We the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.
The United States is a
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-The people who actually chooses the President in December. When people vote in their state for President and Vice President, they are actually voting for the electors for that candidate's party.
270 votes to become President
House of Representatives
Speaker of the House: Nancy Pelosi
First woman elected as House leader
Will be replaced by John Boehner
House of Representatives
Currently 255 Democrats, 180 Republicans (Democratic majority)
-After November 2, 2010 elections it changed to:
242 Republicans, 191 Democrats, 2 undecided (Republican majority)
-New Congress will start January 3, 2011
House of Representatives allocation
(435 total representatives, each state has a different number based on the population of that state)
Florida Congressional Districts
Florida’s First Congressional District Congressman
Congressman Jeff Miller
President of the Senate is Joe Biden
Special Responsibilities of the Senate
Votes on treaties with foreign countries
Votes on president nominations for: Cabinet members, Supreme Court Justices, & Ambassadors
Can hold a trial for a government official who is accused of committing a crime against the country
Currently 57 Democrats, 41 Republicans and 2 Independents (but they vote with Democrats)
-After November 2, 2010 elections it changed to 51 Democrats, 47 Republicans and 2 Independents (but two vote Democrat)
Still Democratic Majority
New Congress will start January 3, 2011
Senator Bill Nelson
Senator George LeMieux
The White House
President: Leader of the country and Commander in Chief of the military.
Vice President: President of the Senate and becomes President if the President is unable to serve.
Held every four years
Candidates participate in public debates
Candidates from any party can run for President
Must be at least 35 years old & a natural-born US citizen
He must have lived in the U.S. for at least 14 years.
He is elected for four years and can be re-elected for a second 4 year term.
Head of the Executive Branch
Approves or vetoes laws Congress creates.
Is the Head of State - Meets with leaders of foreign countries.
Is head of the military. Can authorize the use of troops overseas without declaring war.
The President’s Cabinet
Role of the Cabinet
Purpose is to advise the President
Cabinet members are the President’s closest & most trusted advisors
Includes the Vice President & the heads of the 15 executive departments
They meet at least once a week.
Department of State
Secretary Hillary Rodham Clinton
Department of the Treasury
Secretary Timothy F. Geithner
Department of Defense