This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

American Military History Essay

2534 words - 11 pages

American Military Technology

Gary Smith

MIL 311 American Military History II

Instructor Trevor Albertson

March 2, 2014

“Technology shapes the conduct of war in a tremendous way. It determines how wars are fought, how armies are organized and also many of the limitations they have,” according to Krishnan (2008, p. 1). The United States armed forces have seen many innovations in military technology that have helped project the United States as a global leader in politics and military matters. World War II was the catapult that launched the United States onto the world stage and began the shift of American armed forces swing towards advancing military ...view middle of the document...

Technology dominance for the U.S. army was not practical at the onset of World War II, but advances throughout the war would continue a trend of advancing technology. The U.S. army would find itself concentrating “efforts to catch up with the rest of the world as war began in Europe” during World War II, when considering technology, according to Larew (2005, p. 670). While there were advances in mechanized technology like tanks and artillery, they “were neither new in concept nor strangers to the battlefield. Rather they were simply more capable versions of earlier machines tested in battle and improved incrementally through the interwar period, a process that continued, indeed accelerated, during the war itself,” according to Hacker (2005, p. 262). However, the army signal corps made huge advancements to battlefield communication with FM radios that would increase the tactical capabilities of the mechanized efforts. “In 1940, Colonel Roger B. Colton, chief of the Signal Corps Laboratories in 1938–41, decided to move FM radio from research and development into production and distribution,” according to Larew (2005, 673).
As with mechanized units like artillery and tanks getting upgrades in technology, so too did the Army Air Corps during World War II. “Jet aircraft first flew in combat near the end of World War II” and helicopters “entered service late in World War II; the army used them for liaison and observation, the navy for reconnaissance and air/sea rescue,” according to Hacker (2005, p. 263). Technology for jets and helicopters would be aided with radar and other electronic advances. “Electronics emerged as a major focus of research in World War II. Radar was only the most important of a wide range of applications that dramatically improved the integration of combat arms, the control of battlefield action, and the destruction of enemy forces,” according to Hacker (2005, p. 264). As the war came to a close the most significant advancement came in nuclear form, as the United States Army’s invested research at Los Almos, NM resulted in the culmination of two bombs that would be dropped on Nagasaki and Hiroshima.
Nuclear Era
The end of World War II and the use of atomic bombs on Japan, would usher in an arms race for technology dominance in an age known as the nuclear era. While the nuclear research and use of atomic bombs meant technological dominance was ushered in for the United States, it also meant that the rest of the world was now in a rush to compete for that dominance and the Soviet Union would be the leader of the pack. This constituted a change from “the chief purpose of” the U.S. “military establishment to win wars,” to that of averting them, according to Doughty, Flint, Grimsley, Gruber, Herring, Horward, Lynn, and Murray (1996, p. 590). This came as the risk of the employment of nuclear weapons was thought to be too catastrophic on the world. The advances in this age would become tools for foreign policy or more along...

Other Essays Like American Military History

The Military Science and War Essay

2855 words - 12 pages , promoted the development of military science, not for any self- defense system but directly prepared for a war. Both of these ideals raised the tension and space between nations and different political bodies. As an expected outcome, a war broke out not only between two countries but two large groups. It caused the first world war of history. Far from the time of World War I, guns, gunpowder, missile had been developed since 16th century. As

Position Paper on Military Industrial Complex

1875 words - 8 pages States’ militia called for more guns to be made. This act supplied the militia with $200,000 in arms and military equipment annually.(Encyclopedia of the New American Nation, 2013) Pretty soon thereafter national arms systems were set upon the national armories. A network of reliable arms manufacturers emerged. Contracts were drawn up between these armories and private manufacturers, who were more likely to test new means and materials to improve

Divorce and Women in the Military

5926 words - 24 pages employed, and thus garner the benefits linked with stable employment (Barnett, 2004). One military specific marital dissolution deterrent may be to diminish the lure of marriage by means of balancing the compensation for married and single people, which has been formidably suggested in recent history (Karney & Crown, 2007; Hogan & Siefert, 2010), by adopting the model recently established by the United States Air Force Academy that does not

The Statesmen, the Writer, and the Military Man

1712 words - 7 pages The Statesman, The Writer, and the Military Man: How George Washington, Thomas Paine, and Andrew Jackson Helped Construct America’s Identity All of America’s founding fathers contributed greatly to the formation of the United States and helped build this nation through their accomplishments and dedication to making their home a better place for all Americans. But of the 55-plus men whom history has given the name of “founding father,” the

Roman Military

461 words - 2 pages As you probably know, being a fellow Roman, we have the finest and undefeated military. Our military has properly equipped our men with the weapons and armor that they would need to basically do anything that they would need to do in their times of duty. Their equipment includes a helmet, body armor, limb armor, a shield, a short word, a dagger, a spear or pilum, a belt, a tunic, and boots. The helmets are a round shape to let blows to the head

Military Police

1327 words - 6 pages ), with unit-level investigations conducted by Army Military Police Investigators (MPI), and the Coast Guard Investigative Service (CGIS). The Defense Criminal Investigative Service (DCIS) is a civilian agency that answers directly to the DOD as well as the Pentagon Force Protection Agency (PFPA). The United States Constabulary was a gendarmerie force used to secure and patrol the American Zone of West Germany immediately after World War II

Military Aircraft

1650 words - 7 pages Military aircraft has become more sophisticated in variety, effectiveness in war situations, and special maneuvering techniques in recent years. With the advance of stealth technology, many new and very effective aircraft have been developed. The F-117A was used during Operation Dessert Storm and every plane came back without a scratch. The very expensive B-2 stealth bomber has never been used in actual war, but during testing it was a

Military Relations

1673 words - 7 pages regulation prohibits certain transactions, relationships and activities between Personnel and Initial Entry Training (IET) soldiers. It is intended to establish and provide a uniform policy for the treatment of soldiers undergoing IET at the United States (US) Army Quartermaster Center and School. This regulation applies to all IET & Permanent party attatched to any military instalation. Violation or attempted violation of this policy and

Military Meme

718 words - 3 pages Subordinate Units. (1) (U) NLT 151800OCT2015 all unit equipment at DOA will be loaded for Fort Bliss, all B and C bags will be inventoried by sections and ready for loading on the 16th, all Soldiers will have completed 100% of online training, the FRG contact roster will be 100% complete. (2)(U) sections will conduct a showdown at first formation on 150730OCT2015 for the following inspectable items: eye glasses, Military ID card and dog tags. (3)(U

Military Punishments

1650 words - 7 pages Here Are The Funniest Punishments Ever Handed Down In the Military, According To The Internet By Brian Adam Jones on Mar 28, 2014 15.9K Flares Twitter 36 Tweet Facebook 15.8K Google+ 3 LinkedIn 60 inShare60 Pin It Share 0 Email -- Email to a friend15.9K Flares × These are so good. Anyone who has served in the military has great stories from boot camp, deployments, or military life. A recent thread on Reddit asked “Military personnel of

Military Communication

1214 words - 5 pages EXPLAIN WHAT INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL MILITARY COMMUNICATIONS PLATFORMS Name Address Unit Date CONTENTS Internal Military Communications Platforms 1 Introduction 1 Reasons for use and Examples 2 External Military Communications Platforms 3 Introduction 3 Uses of External Military Communications Platforms 4 Bibliography 6 Introduction Military communicate to both internal and external users of

Related Papers

Gays In The Military Essay

1628 words - 7 pages Critical Thinking HU345-02 Unit 9 Final Project Gays in the Military Diana Brown Professor RonaldDean Davenport Kaplan University Gays in the Military The United States has been faced with different debates. Gays in the military has been one of the strongest political debates since the “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell” policy started almost two decades ago. A majority of democrats wanted to allow gays to serve openly in the armed forces, and

Race In The Military Essay

3124 words - 13 pages would be, based on social views, economics, and physical ability. Three different wars have been selected to show the changing attitudes of race in the military. The Revolutionary War The Revolutionary War was a key point in the history of American, and of racism. The Revolutionary War was fought over the independence of the American Colonies, and started in the year 1770, and lasted until 1783. It was fought primarily between the colonist

Military Versus Civilian Alcohol Dependency Essay

2087 words - 9 pages heavy drinking. “We want to help them understand if you drink this much and you drive you’re going to be under the influence, or at this level you’re impaired,” he said. (Rhem, Alcohol Abuse Costs DoD Dearly, American Forces, Jun 2000) Rates of heavy alcohol use among 18 to 25-year-old military personnel differ significantly by service branch and by gender. In comparison between services and gender studies have shown that young male Marines

Sexual Harasment In The Military Essay

3031 words - 13 pages actions not thinking their actions hurt. My History of Sexual Harassment It started when I tried to join the Air Force, the recruiter would not let me enlist. This recruiter thought that no woman should be in the military. Because of that recruiter I lost many benefits that would have been given to me for being a Vietnam era veteran. I had my heart set on the Air Force so I waited. That recruiter retired and I was allowed to enlist. I went off