An Anti Affirmative Action Paper With Sources Plus Extra Data Many Quotations

1509 words - 7 pages

Affirmative Action was first used in 1965 by the Johnson Administration in passing executive order 11246. It stated that contractors being paid with public funds must hire employees "without regard to their race, color, religion, sex or national origin" (US Department of Labor). Affirmative Action has been expanded to include college admissions and more regulations concerning government contracts. These new expansions in the program apply the use of quotas and preferential treatment. Minority applicants get special boosts based on their race when they apply for jobs or college. This is a gross violation of civil rights and is just a different shade of government discrimination.Let's use an ...view middle of the document...

" (Alex Schulman, The Brown Daily Herald, online)The policies of Affirmative Action are unconstitutional, and contrary to the principles in the 14th and 15th Amendments"Section 1 of the 14th Amendment. All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the state wherein they reside. No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.""Section 1 of the 15th Amendment. The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.""The constitutional issue here is very simple. Michigan implicitly acknowledges its policy violates the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment, but argues the need for "diversity" constitutes a compelling reason to override the Constitution's pro-individual position. No reasonable person can accept this view. Any way you examine it, Michigan's admissions policy creates different standards for different people based solely on race. It is a racist act that violates the intent, spirit, and express language of the 14th Amendment." (S.M. Oliva)Furthermore, evidence suggests that racial quotas actually reduce the number of minority students in colleges."When racial preferences were ended in California, there was much hysteria in the media, with dire predictions that blacks would be kept out of higher education. Just recently, with much less publicity, the fact has come out that there are now more black students in the University of California system than there were when racial preferences and quotas were in effect. The same is true in the University of Texas system.What has happened is that black students have redistributed themselves within both these state university systems. There are no longer as many blacks attending the respective flagship universities in these systems, but they are attending other institutions whose normal standards they meet, instead of being overmatched and flunking out of more prestigious institutions." (Thomas Sowell)The University of Michigan is currently the biggest source of the fiery Affirmative Action debate. Let's examine their Affirmative Action Policy"The policy involves an explicit racial quota that awards 20 points (out of 105 required for admission) simply for being black, Hispanic, or Native American--"underrepresented minorities" in the words of the university. To put this in perspective, Michigan only awards 12 points for a perfect SAT score, 1600 combined. That's simply remarkable. A measure of actual achievement is not even considered equal to skin color, even though the latter says nothing about the character, intelligence, or...

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