This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

An Examination Of The Communist Revolution Of China As A Representation Of Marxism And Maoism

4245 words - 17 pages

"A specter is haunting Europe - the specter of communism." To many, Communism and Marxism are interchangeable, despite the differences between the two. Communal societies have existed long before the Industrial Revolution, while Marxism was only created during the mid-nineteenth century after the publication of The Communist Manifesto. Marxism goes beyond just the notion of a communal society, it’s philosophy is also a method of studying history and economy. Marxist theory also predicts that the proletariat will eventually seize control of the means of production. The theory behind Marxism is so in-depth that a nation could be under communist rule without necessarily following the Marxist ...view middle of the document...

Goods became scarce causing demand to soar, making it profitable to start factories. The large majority of China’s population were composed of peasant farmers.
The proletariat and peasant farmers are very similar. They are in the bottom strata of an oppressive hierarchy, making up the masses. They are the backbone of the society, and are to a certain extent exploited by the people above them. "All previous historical movements were movements of minorities, or in the interest of minorities. The proletarian movement is the self conscious, independent movement of the immense majority, in the interest of the immense majority." The proletariat class to Marx is synonymous to the Chinese serfs. The Communist Revolution of China offered many promising reforms to the poor peasant farmers whom never had much power in the past. Like the proletariat, the peasant class was an immense group which was often neglected. Both the proletariat and the peasants usually lived an unpleasant life. The industrial workers of Europe lived in filthy slums where little attention was paid to their welfare. There was little security. If someone was injured, then they would become unemployed and effectively left to die. Children often fell asleep in front of dangerous machines. The peasant farmers were no better off.
When the peasant is ruined, he has to sell his field and his hut. If it happens to be a good year, he may just be able to pay his debts. But no sooner and has the harvest been brought in than the grain bins are empty again, and contract in hand and sack on back, he has to go off and start borrowing again. He has heavier interest to pay, and soon he has not got enough to eat. If there is a famine he falls into utter ruin. Families disperse, parents separate, they seek to become slaves, and no one will buy them.
Though the proletariat and the Chinese farmers had many similarities, this generalization however, does not suffice. Not only is the urban life of a proletariat worker quite different from those of a farmer, they also exist in a very different setting. Though both their lifestyles are of the lower class, they have little else in common. Most of the farmers owned the plot of land which they worked on. They worked for themselves, their earnings were relative to their effort and skill. Aside from taxes, the farmers owned the harvests, and could do whatever they wanted with it. They had much more freedom than the industrial workers. The proletariat had to work long hours everyday, often with quotas to meet. They did not own the means of production like their peasant counterpart. The proletariat lived in dense cities where the unemployed could gather and discuss revolutionary issues; discontents could exchange ideas with intellectuals easily. The peasant farmers lived in a low density setting where work is plentiful, and intellectuals were scarce. Though both instances involve the hopeless majority overcoming the few rich, circumstances in each case were...

Other Essays Like An Examination of the Communist Revolution of China as a Representation of Marxism and Maoism

The Representation of Women Essay

524 words - 3 pages Drama Feb 11/09 Shakespeare A midsummer night’s dream (only man play parts of women) Set in Athens Also set in the palace of Theseus, forest were the fairies are at, fairy world Hermia is in love with Lysander but is told by her father to marry dymitrius who Helena loves Puck and the fairy world Representation of women: low. Man were superior Marriage: serious institution, wife obedience to the husbands

A Critical Review of Strategy as Revolution

1407 words - 6 pages challenges of innovation and development as a business idea, they should to improve the quality of business operation, and effectively improve the core competitiveness, innovative way of thinking and working to promote the business work better and faster development. According to Lesakova (2008, p. 8), innovation is the activity of transforming a new idea into the practical life. RBV and Revolution Strategy Resources view the enterprise as a set of

Che Guevara And A New Paradigm Of Marxism This Paper Is Regarding Che Guevara's Separate Brand Of Marxism, Ie: How He Adpated Marxism To Work In The Cuban Jungles

3028 words - 13 pages century, socialism was pushed into new territory by just such a person. Seeking social change, Che Guevara sought to use a new Marxist-derivative as a tool in the liberation and unification of Latin America. Guevara's search for a new paradigm of Marxism resulted in a form of Marxist revolution differing from classical Marxism in three substantial ways. Firstly, Marx's view of the world was purely objectional, a scientific theory with an unvested

Using Material from Item a and Elsewhere, Assess the Contribution of Marxism to Our Understanding of the Role of Education

1545 words - 7 pages Item A: Marxists take a critical view of the role of education. Capitalist society is essentially a two-class system, with ruling class exploiting the working class. Marxists see education as being run in the interests of the ruling class. For example, Althusser argues that education is an important ideological state apparatus that helps to control people’s ideas and beliefs. He suggests education has two purposes. It reproduces class

‘of Mice and Men’ Serves as a Reminder That Dreaming Is Futile. How Far Do You Agree with This Representation of the Text and Its Key Themes?

1562 words - 7 pages whether it be the inadequacies of society or something else. Furthermore without incorporating dreams and having something to achieve in our life will result in an endless stream of days that have little connection or meaning. The representation of dreams occurs via prejudice and stereotypes- Crooks, because he is black in a racist culture- seems to be no hope for him; Curley’s wife, only woman on the farm and regarded as a tart- will never feel

An Examination of Festingers Cognitive Dissonance Theory and Notable Modifactions

2617 words - 11 pages An Examination of Festingers Cognitive Dissonance Theory and Notable Modifications Sometimes the greatest test of a theory is its longevity. Over time, some theories will be disproved, some will be modified, and some will become the basis for a whole new group of theories. Leon Festinger’s theory of cognitive dissonance has stood up to challenge for over forty years, and is considered by many to be the single most important theory

A Closer Examination Of Paolo Sarpi And The Uses Of Information In The Seventeenth-Century Venice

1894 words - 8 pages pamphlets during the controversy (De Vivo 43). The pamphlet Squito della liberta veneta is an example of polemic writing designed to discredit a faction since: …it drew a merciless picture of the Venetian government as a corrupt oligarchy hidden behind a façade of republican liberty. With a title drawing on the words for in-depth examination (scrutino), and ridiculing chatter (squittinio), the pamphlet must have stirred nightmares in those who

An Artist's Representation of Their World

785 words - 4 pages environment,' which was a representation of her world. The Australian artist Brett Whiteley portrayed the more violent side of society in his artworks. Brett Whiteley, one of Australia's most renowned and successful artists, depicted thre more brutal aspects of his world: his society, in his paintings. Originally from London, Whiteley had an increasing interest in the Chrsitie murders which were occuring at the time, which involved violent

An Examination Of Feasible Alternative Fuels

3292 words - 14 pages advancements in the field of electrical storage capacities. This paper will attempt to discuss the many advancements in the field of automobile alternative fuels, reduced and zero emission vehicles, and fuel delivery and ICE modifications producing reduced emissions. Positive and negative aspects to implementation will be discussed as well as an analysis made on whether the alternative approach is feasible on a mass production scale.There have been

The Examination of Leadership Theories

1446 words - 6 pages • Implies that the leader considers the ability of the followers and their maturity level to determine their future developmental needs. • He or She serves as a mentor, providing attention, listening to others and providing feedback, advice and support. • The leader designs appropriate strategies to develop the individual followers in an effort to achieve greater levels of motivation, potential and performance. • Support

The Lottery: A Sinister Yet Surreal Representation Of Human Weakness And Hypocrisy

905 words - 4 pages Shirley Jackson, an American author and novelist, was popular in her time for her peculiar sense of mystery and horror. Her fictitious short story “The Lottery” is nothing short of sinister, yet surreal representation of human weakness and hypocrisy. Her clever use of consistently humorous and friendly language to narrate an act of evil does ‘pack a punch’ for the readers; especially, the final revelation of the fate of the apparent winner can

Related Papers

Examination Of The Declaration Of Independence As Both A Historical Document And As Revolutionary Propaganda

494 words - 2 pages The Declaration of Independence is one of the most renowned and beloved documents in United States history. Even today, people cherish their "unalienable rights" as symbols of America at her best. The Declaration of Independence was a major step towards secession from Britain in the American Revolution, and has had profound influence on the country's development ever since. The grand rhetoric in the first part spurred the formation and

An Examination Of Bias Essay

2415 words - 10 pages . Morgan risked his life to expose the secrets of fast food companies, and in particular McDonald’s to help educate the public. Examination of Bias: In the documentary, multiple forms of bias were exhibited, clearly establishing an anti-fast food campaign. Had the documentary not be biased, Morgan would’ve made some kind of an effort to get a hold of information that presented both sides of the story. However, without exception every person

Assess The Contribution Of Marxism Essay

832 words - 4 pages , functionalists and Marxist feminists. Friedrich Engels Engels (1820-1895) was a German social scientist as well as becoming the joint father of Marxism. He had his own view of the theory. He argued the nuclear family was born out of the capitalists’ society. Men ultimately had greater control over women. Women were seen as Chattels (the husbands’ property). All land was owned by men. Women practically had nothing but a name. This is why men wanted male

The Forgotten Legacy Of China As A Great Ally

1285 words - 6 pages the loss and rebuilding after WW11 that China had to face led to another unfortunate future that China would see under Communist rule. Despite being a key figure in the main four Allies, China is not viewed as an equal participant against the Axis Powers the way the United States, Britain, and Soviet Russia are. The lack of general awareness of China’s involvement in WW11 seems due to how China restored itself postwar, and how people viewed