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Analysis Of A Christmas Carol By Charles Dickens

3763 words - 16 pages

Analysis of A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens

A Christmas Carol is a novel written by Charles Dickens (1812-1870)
during the Victorian age, an era that took its name from Queen
Victoria, England titular ruler from 1819-1901. Under Queen Victoria’s
rule, London reigned the worlds dominate city country and the
country’s incomparable center of commerce, culture and government. At
this time London’s industrial age contributed to a large share of the
manpower and capital that brought the country to a position of world
economic dominance.

However there was a downside to the industrial age, industrialization
had altered the physical, social and cultural landscapes of Great
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The children had no other choice, if their parents were
poor; they needed to help bring money into the family. The orphans had
no family but they needed the money for themselves.

The Poor Law made in 1834 was the Victorian answer to dealing with the
poor. The Poor Law created regional workhouses where aid could be
applied for. The workhouses were little more than a prison for the
poor. Freedom was denied, families were separated and human dignity
was destroyed. The true poor often went to great lengths to avoid this

Charles Dickens applied his unique power of observation to the city,
in which are expressed in his novels. His description of 19th century
London, allow readers to experience the sights, sounds and smells of
the old city.

The story I am studying is A Christmas Carol. A Christmas Carol is a
song sung during a Christian celebration - Christmas.

A Christmas Carol is structured using 5 stares (chapters). It begins
in the past, informing the reader of a man named Marley, and his
death. Then in the present we are introduced to Ebenezer Scrooge who
is a business man. Unfortunately that is all he cares about. He thinks
Christmas is a humbug and that if the poor don’t want to go to prison
or to the workhouses, they had better die and decrease the surplus
population. On this Christmas Eve, Scrooge was visited by his very
cheerful nephew who greeted him with a jolly; ‘Merry Christmas,
uncle.’ However Scrooge replied bitterly not even cracking a smile.
The theme explored in this chapter is greed. This is shown when two
charity workers enter after Scrooge’s nephew leaves and asked whether
Scrooge will donate any money to feed the poor. He replies; ‘I can’t
afford to make idle people merry.’

Scrooge leaves for his home after asking if his clerk wanted the day
off. Scrooge approached his door and proceeded to open it but was
stopped as the knocker on it changed to Marley’s face. Startled as he
was he reached for the key and walked straight in. He sees Marley’s
face again on the tiles. These frequent sightings build the tension
until Scrooge finally sees Marley’s ghost in whole.

In the second chapter Scrooge woke confused with the time but
remembered what Marley’s ghost said. As the clock struck one, the
first ghost appears. It is the ghost of Christmas past and takes
Scrooge on a journey through time. They begin with the boarding school
that Scrooge had been sent to as a child, and had been left for many
of the Christmas holidays. After seeing himself as a boy left all
alone. Scrooge felt remorseful for not giving the carol singer
anything. Next, they went to Mr.Fezziwigs’. Scrooge had apprenticed
there, he saw the party that Mr.Fezziwig always threw on Christmas,
spreading cheer and happiness. The ghost highlighted that Mr. Fezziwig
didn’t have to spend a lot to make all these people happy. However he
was corrected by Scrooge who says, ‘he has the power to render us
happy or...

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