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Analysis Of Triveni’s Sharapanjara

3174 words - 13 pages

The intention of this paper is to focus on the inevitability of change during adaptation, from fiction to film, which is essential and unavoidable, mandated both by the constraints of time and medium, with the example of Triveni’s Sharapanjara. Some film theorists have argued that a director should be nonchalant with the source, given that novel and film are entirely dissimilar entities, two singular art forms, and should be seen as such. Another line of argument is that though the director is invested with a certain freedom to change, ‘to adapt’, the original fiction; the film must be accurate / truthful to either the effect or the theme or the message of the novel. In other words the ...view middle of the document...

When compared with the manuscript culture of thousand years and printing press culture of some hundred years, though the film culture has registered barely hundred years or so to its credit, with the relative new technology of moving images, it has become the fundamental conveyor of narrative. “The fact that film is a visual medium, centered on the image, was also a key element. OctavioPaz defines the essential quality of the image in these terms as being not ‘to explain’ it invites one to re-create and literally relive it” (Richardson:9).John Harrington explains, "While other art forms have taken centuries to develop, the span of a single lifetime has witnessed the birth and maturity of film. It seems axiomatic that such rapid development has occurred because of, not in spite of, the contributions of other art forms" ( Harrington:1977).Hence it becomes imperative that if one needs to appreciate film then it becomes necessary to understand the literary expression of the twentieth century and the influence of cinema in its structures and styles, themes and motifs. This is feasible only if one takes to comparatively studying a cross section of an assortment of literary works spanning different periods, and the films based on them. The similarities and differences between these two media that surface in the course of such a profound study might help one ascertain the intrinsic literary qualities in almost all films. “Since comparison lies at the very heart of the field, the best question film adaptation studies can ask itself is “what can we learn through a comparison that cannot be learned via a single text?” Critics then choose from a candy store of available approaches: semiotics, feminist criticism, Russian formalism, media studies-the whole menu (Albrecht: 43). Popular films are the result of applying the conventions of cinematography to the conventions of fiction, and any difference is the direct result of the expectation of an audience concerning that art form. Popular culture is irrevocably part of the commercial apparatus of modern society, what Adorno calls as ‘The Culture Industry’.Naremore and Leitch emphasize that adaptation studies can offer exciting new insights into the ways texts shape each other and interact with cultural forces (Albrecht: 13).Thus by studying the intricacies of adaptation one becomes aware of the dynamics of that hybrid medium. “Perhaps we can look at the relationship between book and film in much the same way: the written word is certainly unbeatable in many respects, but the film undoubtedly has its means of compensating. Thus, we should treat them not as rivals or each other’s parasites, but as forms of expression that may complement each other, for example in the case of literary film adaptation”(Engelstad:3).

The recounting of a sequence of events is the common mode of narrative for both film and novel. Literary texts provide a vein of raw material which is already tested: stories which work and are...

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