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Analyzing The Decision Process To Use The Atomic Bombs By Using Various Models

925 words - 4 pages

Analyzing the decision process to use the atomic bombs by using various models

On the 6th and 9th of August in 1945, the US detonated two nuclear bombs over the Japanese cities of Nagasaki and Hiroshima. Knowing that vast number of casualties that would result from such actions; how were these decisions made and what factors were taken into account? These are the kind of questions that historians ask, and although some have adopted the belief that “Truman dropped the bomb to end the war quickly”, Davidson and Lytle (2009) present a series of three models that approach the decision from different perspectives with a hope to remove the vestigial information and shed light on the important ...view middle of the document...

However, this model is limited, because it omits important information and ignores other individuals and events that influenced the final decision.

Another model adopted by Social Scientist is the “Organizational process Model”. This model depicts the acts of making a decision as being composed of the efforts made by a series of small groups and bureaucracies, each with its own highly specialized role, acting according to Standard Operating Procedure within predictable patterns (Davidson 2009). These groups are often very conservative, progress slowly and are characterized by lots of paperwork and red tape. When using this model to understand the decision to drop the bomb, it becomes apparent that the committees were severely limited and often in opposition with one another. Davidson draws attention to the natures of scientists and soldiers to illustrate this point (2009). Soldiers were concerned with the security of information being exchanged in the Manhattan project so they advocated proceeding slowly for safety. The scientists, on the other hand, were more concerned with the results and attaining them in a timely fashion; they felt hindered by the restrictions set by military personnel. Also, for security reasons, the military and political overseers provided information to the physicists on a “need to know” basis which impeded the researcher’s ability to gain a full scope of the projects advancements and goals. This frustrated many scientists who felt that it was important to understand the wider implications of their efforts in order to work with efficiency (Davidson 2009). Some of the scientist managed to neglect standard procedure and collaborate with others on their research but for the most part, the rules and regulations caused serious bottlenecking in the project.

A third model...

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