Running Head: ANCIENT EGYPT
Title: History of Egypt
Section 1: Relational Identifications and Significances
Sir Williams Flinders a British archaeologist and Egyptologist was born in Charlton near Greenwich on June 3, 1853 and died in Jerusalem on July 28, 1942. He was an excavator named after his grandfather, Mathew Flinders, a renowned British explorer, hydrographer and navigator. Due to his ethnological and archaeological interests from childhood he invented sequence dating. This dating used the remains of ancient cultures to reconstruct the history (Hart, 2011). He used sequence dating in Egypt such as at Gurob. He found a number of ...view middle of the document...
According to their way of the administering power in their reign they ended up being hated both by people (Deady, 2011).
The desert borders made the Egyptian religion for thousands of years to remain almost untouched by the beliefs of foreign cultures and civilizations (Deady, 2011). The ancient Egyptians are known for their good keeping of rituals and rites as part of religion. Creation myths, some of them super powerful, existed amongst them. They believed that kings were living gods. They believed the sun protected them thus they celebrated the sun’s cycle daily in temples to help safeguard the sun god from danger and continue his journey (Shaw, 2003). These daily temple rituals and strong beliefs in myths helped a lot in retracing historical background of the present day archaeological sites in Egypt.
Section 2: Egyptian History as per the Chronology of Manetho
Manetho was a priest who served during the two Ptolemaic kings Ptolemy I Soter (304285 BC) and Ptolemy II Philadelphus (285246 BC) (Shaw, 2003). He could read Greek and Egyptian hieroglyphics so he could collect information from temple libraries and inscriptions on temple walls. He got names of kings and even sometimes he had the number of years they ruled. Manetho compiled a list of ancient Egypt’s Pharaohs. The pieces of his work established the succession of kings where the archaeological evidence was questionable (Hart, 2011).
According to Manetho, Tethtoosis was the first to reign in Egypt. He ruled for twenty five years then he died (Deady, 2011). His son Chebron took over for thirteen years, Amenophis, for twenty years and seven months and then came his sister Amesses who ruled for twenty one years and nine months. After her came Merphes who reigned for twelve years and nine months and then Merphramuthosis for twenty five years and ten months. Then Thmosis came, for nine years and eight months. After him came Amenophis who ruled for thirty years and ten months.
Amenophis was later succeeded by Orus for thirty six years and five months. Acenchres was next in the reign for twelve years and one month and then her younger brother Rathotis for nine years (Hart, 2011). Then the seat was held by two Acencheres for twenty four months and eight months. They were succeeded by Armais for four years and one month. After him was Ramesses, for one year and four months and then came Armesses Miammoun for sixty six years and two months. Amenophis came later, and reigned for nineteen years and six months. He was succeeded by Sethosis and Ramesses who had a military of horse and a marine force. Egypt was named after Sethosis.
The understanding on Manetho’s history of Egypt which is based on fragmentary records comes from Christian historians (Deady, 2011). His chronology of Egyptian kings is mostly imaginary considering the facts that no record from Manetho himself that exist. In his chronology, he introduced new dynasties whenever he came across a discontinuity of kinship. This...