Ancient Near Eastern Thought And The Old Testament

4451 words - 18 pages

LIBERTY BAPTIST THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY

BOOK SUMMARY OF “ANCIENT NEAR EASTERN THOUGHT AND THE OLD TESTAMENT” BY JOHN H. WALTON

SUBMITTED TO PROFESSOR DANIEL WARNER

IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS

FOR OBST 590

BY
JOEY F. LANGLINAIS

LYNCHBURG, VA
JUNE 23, 2013

Chapter 1
History and Methods

John Walton begins this chapter by stating that the “rediscovery of Egypt began in the eighteenth century AD and of Mesopotamia in the mid nineteenth century AD.” This allowed the tens of thousands of texts that were being unearthed to be translated and studied. The motives of those involved ranged from political to interest in antiquities to biblical apologetics. ...view middle of the document...

Walton stresses that both similarities and differences must be considered. Similarities may suggest a common cultural heritage. They may appear on the surface, but one could find differences at the conceptual level, and vice versa. But whatever similarities and differences may be found should be taken in their own context.
Chapter 2
Comparative Studies, Scholarship and Theology
Comparative study is used in two sorts of contexts, and each poses its own challenges. It was driven by Darwin’s theory of evolution in the nineteenth century. Somehow scholars thought that biblical studies and philosophy evolved and could be traced over millennia. Though the evolutionary theories led to models and supposition, they could not be tested against empirical data.
One thing that helped to shoot down this theory was ancient Near Eastern literature becoming more accessible. Rather, it revolutionized critical theory. Hermann Gunkel spearheaded the first attack on critical scholarship on the basis of Babylonian texts. He concluded that certain theories relating to late dating of Genesis 1 were simplistic.
A second challenge came against literary criticism as the division of biblical and near Eastern texts. This challenge does not seek to contradict the sources, it just indicates that comparative study is capable of offering correctives to some of the assumptions and conclusions of source theory.
The third challenge attempts to disregard the comparative data and maintains that texts be treated as autonomous interpretive units. Critical scholarship engages the data imparted by comparative studies and amends its theories appropriately.
There are three different roles for comparative studies: Critical analysis, defense of the biblical text, and exegesis of the biblical text. Critical analysis is helpful in supplying data needed to evaluate conclusions and expand understanding of historical proceedings. Defense of the biblical may reject preceding claims against biblical text. There are many scholars who don’t believe the Bible is under attack, and see no need to defend it. These fall under the third role, exegesis of the biblical text, and they think they correct connotation of the Bible may not always be clear. So understanding of ancient Near Eastern worldviews may be required to appropriately detect the significance of the text.
Chapter 3
Summary of the Literature of the Ancient Near East
People understand myths in a number of ways, but generally they are stories where the gods are the main characters. Many do not believe that these gods actually exist and consider them to be fiction. In that spirit, many feel that the Old Testament is also myth and consider the God of Israel to be just as fictional as the gods of Egypt or Assyria.
Literary texts appear in the Early Dynastic period (2900 – 2000). These tales tell of kings who either connected or clashed with the gods. Walton briefly describes some of these kings....

Other Essays Like Ancient Near Eastern Thought And The Old Testament

Old Man And The Sea Essay

465 words - 2 pages Santiago has not been able to catch one single fish. Manolin is a boy who lives on the Island of Cuba near Santiago. Manolin works for the old man and looks up to him. He realizes that the man's luck has ran short and that he has been unsuccessful however he has still chosen to look up to him. Manolin helps Santiago out in every way he can. He buys him beers, provides him with food, and even spends time with him when he is lonely. The reason he

The Old Man and Sea Essay

690 words - 3 pages On summer vacation of this year, I studied in novel " old man and sea " of Hemingway , famous writer of U.S.A. ,. I admire the old fisherman's will in the novel very much, he lets me understand that a person must have unremitting spirit, could succeed . What the novel is described is an old fisherman almost the sixty years old, when go to sea and fish alone once, have angled to a big fish, but can not draw. After tough fisherman and fish have

The Old Man and See

1307 words - 6 pages In a small fishing village in Cuba, Santiago, an old, weathered fisherman has just gone 84 days without catching a fish. On the 85th day, he is determined to catch a big, impressive fish. For years, Santiago has been fishing with a young boy named Manolin. M.started fishing with the old man when he was only 5 years old. Santiago is like M second father, and has taught the young boy everything about fishing. M is extremely loyal to Santiago and

The Old Man and the Sea - Questions

4414 words - 18 pages consider is the effectiveness of Hemingway's style, at least as seen in The Old Man and the Sea. Compare that with another possible version: "Waves of pain throbbed throughout his head, advancing and retreating and advancing once again until the pain threatened to drive off consciousness itself. For a few, brief, futile moments, he rubbed his head with near desperation, massaging his scalp with hopeful fingers that tried to push back the onslaught

The Old Man and the Sea

772 words - 4 pages the novel, which can be found in the actions of the young fisherman. Some laugh at him when he passed by, and some thought of him to be too old to be a fisherman. They believed he was not in good enough shape to catch a fish, yet it was only his bad luck that deterred him from doing such a thing. He was much better and more exact than most of the other fisherman in the village, yet they could not see past his age to view his

The Old Man and the Sea 10

735 words - 3 pages The Old Man and the Sea This is a story tell us how persevere a person can be. In the story, there are only a few characters through the story, the old fish man, the boy, the sea, and the marlin. If we read the story without any critical thinking, it’s just a common story about a fish man’s daily. However, every word, character in the story is used delicately by Hemingway. The old man in the book isn’t the typical hero. He isn’t a good

"The old man and the sea" themes

1500 words - 6 pages , or turtles, is often described, as is his love for the sea, which he sees as a woman who gives or withholds favors. Some of the younger fishermen, in contrast, often spoke of the sea as a “contestant” or even an “enemy.” Youth and Old Age The comparison and contrast of these two stages of human life runs throughout the story. Although Santiago is obviously an old man, in many ways he retains a youthful perspective on life. For example

Old Man And The Sea 2

779 words - 4 pages This novel weaves together the story of an old man, reflective and humble, and a giant Marlin, the largest ever seen, who engage in a struggle to the death. The novel is a wonderful mixture of all the distress and praise of life revisited and, in a way, it weighs out the experiences at face value as the old man recognizes his age and deteriorating old body. This book could be an extended metaphor of almost anything. I choose to believe it is a

Discuss The Expansion Of The European Union Into Eastern Europe And Its Implications For British Companies

2136 words - 9 pages for companies, employees and consumers throughout the continent. According to the report of RFE (2003): "For the past five years, the EU has had accession talks with 13 Eastern European nations, and on 9 October in Brussels, the European Commission recommended that the 10 front-runner candidates be invited to join the EU in 2004. These countries, which are ready to conclude accession talks as scheduled in December, are: the Czech Republic, Estonia

What Similarities And Differences Can You See In The Thought-Fox And

1627 words - 7 pages What similarities and differences can you see in The Thought-Fox and Digging in terms of ideas, language, structure, and rhythm / rhyme?- How might these aspects affect any reading of the poem? What similarities and differences can you see in ‘The Thought-Fox’ and ‘Digging’ in terms of ideas, language, structure, and rhythm / rhyme? - How might these aspects affect any reading of the poem? I found that one of the most significant

The Development of Ancient Greek, Roman, and Estruscan Temples

854 words - 4 pages Trace the development of Greek, Etruscan, and Roman Temples. How are they different and how are they similar? Who inspired who? Finally, what was the place and purpose of Religion in Greek, Etruscan, and Roman Culture? Architectural feats dedicated to the gods are consistent throughout the ancient civilizations of Greece, Etruria, and Rome. Temples were the architectural expressions of the importance of religion in these societies. The

Related Papers

The Kings Of The Old Testament

903 words - 4 pages The Kings of the Old Testament Harrold Herring says, "If you have wisdom . . . You can get wealth but without wisdom you will never get nor keep wealth (Herring, 2015)". Being a king is more than what you reap or sue. It's more than what you look like or who is by your side; it's how you lead your people and why you want to drive them. Our King of Kings is all this and more, but the people of Israel didn't see this. They focused more on their

The Overview Of The Old Testament

620 words - 3 pages Later down the line the Native American from northern Asia, towards the end of this transitional period the Egyptian papyrus described medical and surgical procedures. One would say, it is a great thing that medicine was invented a couple of years prior. In 1526 B.C. Moses was born. Moses was a very important sector of the Old Testament. Moses was given the 10 Commandments in 1445 B.C... In these years so many people exchanged roles of

The Publicity Of Thought And Language

3820 words - 16 pages I try to clarify the ways in which one would seek to hold that language and/or thought are public. For each of these theses, I distinguish four forms in which they can be framed, and two ways of establishing them. The first will try to make the publicity of thought follow from that of language; the second will try to make the publicity of language follow from that of thought. I show that none of these strategies can do without the thesis

A Relationship Between The New Testament And Physical Therapy

1881 words - 8 pages The New Testament is primarily about Jesus’ ministries and teachings. As Jesus traveled from country to country during his last three years on earth, He performed many miracles and healings of sick, lame, and demon-possessed people. As a student, I can relate to this tremendously, since I am studying pre-physical therapy. "A physical therapist can help injured or ill people improve their movement and manage their pain. These therapists are