George Orwell's novel, Animal Farm, is a deceitfully simple story about
a group of farm animals who, tired of toiling for the benefit of humans, rebel
and create their own way of life only to find themselves, several years later,
toiling for the benefit of one of their own kind, the pigs. Because of the
simplicity of this novel, many people consider it to be a children's story.
However, beyond it's lighthearted surface, it is truly a satirical attack
against Stalinism. "It is also a lament for the fate of revolutions and the
hopes contained in them." Adding to the complexity of the book, it also shows
man's willingness to compromise the ...view middle of the document...
The character of Major symbolizes the Soviet Union leader, Vladimir Ilich Lennin.
Lennin too had caused his comrades to rise up in rebellion against the Czarist
form of government in the hope of creating a country where everyone would be
equal. Before he saw his ideas fully enacted, he died.
After the death of Major, the power is left in the hands of two other
pigs, Snowball and Napoleon. Napoleon, who, without anyone else discovering,
had raised a litter of puppies into fierce dogs, now uses them to chase Snowball
off the farm. This shares many similarities with the way a leader came into
power to succeed Lennin. Lennin's choice was Leon Trotsky, but Stalin, who is
represented by Napoleon, uses tactful maneuvers to work his way into government
and establish a totalitarian system.
As the only leader, Napoleon quickly begins to abuse his power. Using
his superior intelligence, he soon has the other animals doing all the farm work
while he and the other pigs take on the roles of supervisors. The attitudes of
the animals, especially Boxer, with his motto, "Napoleon is always right," are
representative of the way people in a totalitarian state blindly follow their
leader. One of the most important reasons for this blind faith is fear.
Napoleon creates this fear through the use of his dogs, who make sure there is
no opposition to his rule. Fear alone, though, does not keep the animals loyal;
rather it is the combination of fear and the hope that their original dreams