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An eating disorder associated with a distorted body image that may be caused by a mental disorder. Inadequate calorie intake results in severe weight loss (see also bulimia and intentional weight loss).
Eating disorder - anorexia nervosa
Causes, incidences, and risk factors
The exact cause of this disorder is not known, but social attitudes towards body appearance and family factors play a role in its development. The condition affects females more frequently, usually in adolescence or young adulthood. Gorging followed by vomiting (spontaneous or self-induced) and inappropriate use of laxatives or ...view middle of the document...
Anorexia Nervosa has five primary symptoms:
· Refusal to maintain body weight at or above a minimally normal weight for height, body type, age, and activity level.
· Intense fear of weight gain or being "fat."
· Feeling "fat" or overweight despite dramatic weight loss.
· Loss of menstrual periods in girls and women post-puberty.
· Extreme concern with body weight and shape.
The chances for recovery increase the earlier anorexia nervosa is detected. Therefore, it is important to be aware of some of the warning signs of anorexia nervosa.
Warning Signs of Anorexia Nervosa:
· Dramatic weight loss.
· Preoccupation with weight, food, calories, fat grams, and dieting .
· Refusal to eat certain foods, progressing to restrictions against whole categories of food (i.e., no carbohydrates, etc.).
· Frequent comments about feeling "fat" or overweight despite weight loss.
· Anxiety about gaining weight or being "fat."
· Denial of hunger.
· Development of food rituals (i.e., eating foods in certain orders, excessive chewing, rearranging food on a plate).
· Consistent excuses to avoid mealtimes or situations involving food.
· Excessive, rigid exercise regimen--despite weather, fatigue, illness, or injury, the need to "burn off" calories taken in.
· Withdrawal from usual friends and activities.
· In general, behaviors and attitudes indicating that weight loss, dieting, and control of food are becoming primary concerns.
Health Consequences of Anorexia Nervosa:
Anorexia nervosa involves self-starvation. The body is denied the essential nutrients it needs to function normally, so it...