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Anorexia Nervosa Essay

866 words - 4 pages

“Anorexia nervosa is a psychosomatic syndrome characterized by both physical and psychological symptoms” (Nagel, 1993). Some of these symptoms include amenorrhea (absence of menstrual period), cold sensitivity, severe distorted body image, a fine downy hair covering the body, hoarding of food, paleness and weight at least 15% below standard body weight. Along with these physical symptoms, there is usually an intense fear of being out of control with eating food and the immediate result usually use any form of life-risking measure to insure control of their weight. Some examples of these include self-induced vomiting, use of ipecac, diuretics or laxatives and extreme or compulsive ...view middle of the document...

In the article by Nagel and Jones, the main treatment discussed is the preventive program in our school system (1993). First, they discuss that these programs are designed to “educate students about the risks and dangers associated with the specific eating problem” (Nagel, 1993). Teachers and associated staff try and teach students coping strategies and also how to have good nutritional habits. This leads the student to have a more positive body image and self-esteem. On the same level, Nagel and Jones wrote an earlier article stressing the importance of these same professionals to “acknowledge the peer pressures of society and to help adolescents disregard these societal pressures” (1992). This again will help improve both their nutritional habits and their self-esteem.
A second contrasting view that I found in the research on treatments is that the family environment is the crucial role in treating an individual with anorexia nervosa. According to Felker and Stiver’s article, the family environment and interventions directly link an adolescent to a successful recovery down the road (1994). The family environment of these patients was improved through education and communication. For example, the family was taught certain coping strategies which would enable the adolescent to better deal with conflict in the family unit. Additional skills that were focused on were eye contact and body language for both the adolescent and the family unit (Felker, 1994).
With this in mind, I found a second article that focused on views of similar program of whole family therapy (sessions where everyone is in the same room participating) and family counseling (separate...

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