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Anthrax Weapon Of Mass Destruction Essay

396 words - 2 pages

Bio WarANTHRAXAnthrax: The "Acute infectious disease," is a spore forming bacteria called "Bacillus Anthracis". It is mostly found in hoofed animals, and is very deadly. It can be caught in 3 forms: Cutaneous Anthrax, Inhalation Anthrax, and Gastrointestinal Anthrax. All of these forms of the disease can be prevented.The first use of anthrax as a weapon was against Germany in World War 1. British intelligence documents show that from 1916-1918 reveal that the Germans infected nearly 5,000 mules and horses in Mesopotamia, and that in August 1916 sent ...view middle of the document...

It can survive in aerobic or anaerobic conditions. It is very similar genotypically and phenotypically to Bacillus cereus and bacillus thuringiensis.The pathology of anthrax can come in 3 different forms: Cutaneous, Gastrointestinal, and Inhalation. Cutaneous is the least deadly form of anthrax. This form is contracted through the skin. It is not very serious, affecting humans only by forming a mere "spore" or "blister" on the skin, then turning into an ulcer. Inhalation is the 2nd deadliest form, which is of course inhaled through the nose or mouth. It starts out with symptoms of the common cold, then gradually gets worse, turning into severe fever, severe chest pains, and shortness of breath. Gastrointestinal form of this disease is the deadliest. This is caused by eating infected animal meat and affects the digestive system. The symptoms include nausea, vomiting, and fever, then later turning into more severe terms like abdominal pain, vomiting of blood, severe diarrhea, and then usually death.With antibiotic treatment, the disease can be treated and cured. Some of the antibiotics include penicillin, doxycycline, and fluoroquinolones. But, for treatment to take full effect, the infected person needs to be able to identify that they have the disease early.

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