Anxiety Disorder Essay

3208 words - 13 pages


Influence of Early Life Experiences on Anxiety disorders

Anxiety disorder is a mental health description for all forms of uneasiness, excessive worry,and phobias of life events. Such fears can based on events that happened or just imagination and it affects the physical well-being of a person. Different studies have shown that anxiety disorders in different family members overlap. This may be due to the factors experienced while growing up, family factors and genetic transmission. A Childs needs and issues are diverse but a general assessment would indicate that all early experiences can lead to psychological problems. For example, a need to ...view middle of the document...

Attachment theory, as advanced initially by Bowlby (1969), seeks to explain the relationship between the child and his caregiver (Bowlby, 1969). The theory has advanced to talk of gene survival which Barone (2003) suggests increases the proximity of a child and his or her caregiver. The attachment theory currently is not the first line of therapy for psychiatrist but would serve to offer a good explanation of the same (Barone, 2003). Common psychiatric disorders can clearly trace their roots to the child-caregiver relationships (Barone, 2003). This same theory can also form a part of the therapeutic treatment of several mental elements affecting adults; more so, anxiety disorders can trace the roots from the attachment a child develops for his or her caregiver.

In Bowlbys insight of the theory of attachment, when a child grows attached to an individual, the child seeks to be close to that individual and even more so to be in close proximity to this individual in case of a scare or any mishap such as illness (Bowlby, 1969). The first attachment is usually towards the primary caregiver who provides a secure atmosphere that enables the child to be secure and through it experience the changes in the atmosphere. These early relationships play a big part in the cognitive, social and general emotional development.

Attachment is presently accepted as an integral part of the adult life with many intimate relationships taking the form of attachment. Such traits that maintain the attachment with lovers for example adapt and change as the individuals grow and experience different life situations. For the case of early childhood and infancy, the closeness of the attachment figures is what directs the level of attachment. As these children grow older into puberty and adolescent the sense of attachment is internalized and can be clearly interpreted as a sense of security around the growing adolescents (Bowlby, 1980). The children develop a sense of trust for their attachment figures as they grow older and do not require the close proximity. Depending on the responsiveness that the early caregivers have, some working and cognitive models of representation of the individual and their romantic partners develop. The internal working models developed are important in examining how psychology and psychiatry works (Barone, 2003).

In adulthood, the feelings of attachment arise from a sense of belonging and the security from the attachment figures. Judging of attachment in the adult lives depends generally on how we conceptualize the adult attachment. There are two branches of the attachment theory for adults, romantic theory and parenting (Bowlby, 1980).

The parenting tradition was from the study on adult attachment which plays a part on the parenting traits and describes the patterns of parenting in young children. In relation to attachment, this parenting theory looks at the representations of the current areas of their childhood ties with the...

Other Essays Like Anxiety Disorder

Anxiety Disorders: Diagnosis and Treatment Essay

982 words - 4 pages Anxiety Disorders: Diagnosis and Treatment Anxiety is a part of everyday life; everyone feels it from time to time. However, when the feeling of anxiety is persistent, seemingly uncontrollable, and overwhelming to everyday situations, then they might have an anxiety disorder. According to Anxiety Disorders Association of America (ADAA) (2010), "Anxiety disorders are the most common psychiatric illnesses affecting children and adults. An

Disorders Essay

557 words - 3 pages Today I had the opportunity to meet with a patient that suffers from social anxiety disorder. This patient has asked me to help her identify what her symptoms are and how it could affect her in the future. After research on this specific disorder here is what I have found. Social anxiety disorder affects your emotions and behavior. It can also cause significant physical symptoms. Some of the emotional and behavioral signs may include intense

Abnormal Behavior

544 words - 3 pages Abnormal behavior is behavior that deviates from what’s accepted. There are certain disorders that are more common among certain parts of the population. Social factors like gender, race, and culture influence mental health. Social conditions such as poverty, discrimination, and environmental stressors must also be looked at when evaluating abnormal behavior. Anxiety disorder is a disorder marked by excessive apprehension that seriously

Dissociation and Multiple Personalities (Did)

1007 words - 5 pages causes. Anxiety Disorders 4. Describe the symptoms of generalized anxiety disorder, phobias, and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Generalized anxiety disorder is an anxiety disorder in which a person is continually tense, apprehensive, and in a state of autonomic nervous system arousal. Panic disorder is an anxiety disorder in which the anxiety may at times suddenly escalate into a terrifying panic attack, a minutes-long episode of intense dread in

Research Paper

1567 words - 7 pages days before a staff meeting” (“NIMH – Social Phobia”, 2011). Social anxiety, or social phobia, disorder affects so many people. It is a person’s fear of being in a public situation, preventing them from carrying out everyday tasks like they should. Usually a person with social anxiety disorder is uncomfortable around others and extremely nervous in general. The degrees of social anxiety range from vague, dreading a presentation, to

Study Journal

1174 words - 5 pages amygdala has an important role in fear. Fear occurs when the threat is definite, and anxiety may be present without the perception of danger. Worrying is an example of anxiety that exist when negative thoughts are present. Worrying serves as a cognitive avoidance strategy that exhibits emotional processing. Phobias and anxiety are generally inherited. A top-down study was done on children of adults that have an anxiety disorder was studied. A

Bipolar Disorder

654 words - 3 pages and as if their life is meaningless” (PsychCentral). The family and friends of the individual are also emotionally affected by bipolar disorder. “Weeks of unpredictable behavior by a person with manic depression make it difficult to rely on the sufferer to fulfill obligations, and often times loved ones struggle to maintain a sense of security” (Timberline Knolls). Bipolar disorder often causes the individual to have anxiety. “About two-thirds

Panic Disorder Symptoms And Causes

1315 words - 6 pages Panic Disorder Symptoms and Causes Everyone, at one point or another, has felt anxious. It could have been due to stress. It could have been as a result of having to perform in front of an audience. It could have been for fear of not being accepted by the graduate school of your choice. But have you ever had episodes of intense anxiety and fear, unexpectedly and in the absence of any real external threat? If you have, then you were very

Understanding Bipolar Disorder And Evaluating The Possible Causes And Treatments

1591 words - 7 pages depressive phase, there is an entire host of mental symptoms including: hopelessness, extreme sadness, suicidal thoughts, anxiety, guilt, low attention span, irritability, and underperformance (Nordqvist, n.d, p. 5). After a diagnosis is made, treatment may begin in order to lessen the effects of the disorder. There are many different ways to treat bipolar disorder, and one of the main treatments is psychotherapy (Nordqvist, n.d, p. 9). Psychotherapy for


1564 words - 7 pages switch moods more frequently than adults with the illness. What causes bipolar disorder? Several factors may contribute to bipolar disorder, including: * Genes, because the illness runs in families. Children with a parent or sibling with bipolar disorder are more likely to get the illness than other children. * Abnormal brain structure and brain function. * Anxiety disorders. Children with anxiety disorders are more likely to develop


670 words - 3 pages associated with children who are victims of sexual assault.Posttraumatic Stress Disorder is classified as an anxiety disorder under the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Disorders (DSM-III). The diagnoses for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder was not formally diagnosed as part of DSM-III until 1980. According to Famolaro, 'the diagnoses of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder requires: (a) experience of a significant traumatic events; (b) re-experiencing of the

Related Papers

Anxiety And Panic Disorder Essay

1912 words - 8 pages an in depth look at what anxiety, specifically generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), and panic disorder are, signs and symptoms that show severe anxiety and/or panic disorder is present in an adolescent, treatment methods for both GAD and panic disorder, and two websites offering advice and treatment for families with a diagnosed adolescent. While there are several types of anxiety disorders including GAD, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), Post

Therapy For General Anxiety Disorder Essay

2492 words - 10 pages The purpose of this assignment is to apply two alternative methods of counselling as an alternative to cognitive-behavioural therapy. General Anxiety Disorder (GAD), the “common cold” of all anxiety disorders will be studied and the approaches that will be applied are Group Therapy and the postmodern approach of Solution Focused Therapy (SFT). I will provide a general overview of GAD, SFT and Group Therapy and go on to discuss the advantages

Separation Anxiety Disorder And Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

3922 words - 16 pages Separation Anxiety Disorder and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Abstract Separation anxiety disorder can be compared to an adult’s version of panic disorder with agoraphobia, phobic avoidance, catastrophic interpretations, and panic symptoms, but the age of the patients differentiate the diagnoses. Separation anxiety is a normal developmental milestone, which “appears at the age of 6 to 8 months, peaks at 10 to 18 months and

Uncertin Fate Essay

1153 words - 5 pages Social Anxiety Disorder Social anxiety disorder, also called social phobia, is an anxiety disorder in which a person has an excessive and unreasonable fear of social situations. Anxiety (intense nervousness) and self-consciousness arise from a fear of being closely watched, judged, and criticized by others. A person with social anxiety disorder is afraid that he or she will make mistakes, look bad, and be embarrassed or humiliated in front