Anxiety Disorder Essay

3208 words - 13 pages

 

Influence of Early Life Experiences on Anxiety disorders

Anxiety disorder is a mental health description for all forms of uneasiness, excessive worry,and phobias of life events. Such fears can based on events that happened or just imagination and it affects the physical well-being of a person. Different studies have shown that anxiety disorders in different family members overlap. This may be due to the factors experienced while growing up, family factors and genetic transmission. A Childs needs and issues are diverse but a general assessment would indicate that all early experiences can lead to psychological problems. For example, a need to ...view middle of the document...

Attachment theory, as advanced initially by Bowlby (1969), seeks to explain the relationship between the child and his caregiver (Bowlby, 1969). The theory has advanced to talk of gene survival which Barone (2003) suggests increases the proximity of a child and his or her caregiver. The attachment theory currently is not the first line of therapy for psychiatrist but would serve to offer a good explanation of the same (Barone, 2003). Common psychiatric disorders can clearly trace their roots to the child-caregiver relationships (Barone, 2003). This same theory can also form a part of the therapeutic treatment of several mental elements affecting adults; more so, anxiety disorders can trace the roots from the attachment a child develops for his or her caregiver.

In Bowlbys insight of the theory of attachment, when a child grows attached to an individual, the child seeks to be close to that individual and even more so to be in close proximity to this individual in case of a scare or any mishap such as illness (Bowlby, 1969). The first attachment is usually towards the primary caregiver who provides a secure atmosphere that enables the child to be secure and through it experience the changes in the atmosphere. These early relationships play a big part in the cognitive, social and general emotional development.

Attachment is presently accepted as an integral part of the adult life with many intimate relationships taking the form of attachment. Such traits that maintain the attachment with lovers for example adapt and change as the individuals grow and experience different life situations. For the case of early childhood and infancy, the closeness of the attachment figures is what directs the level of attachment. As these children grow older into puberty and adolescent the sense of attachment is internalized and can be clearly interpreted as a sense of security around the growing adolescents (Bowlby, 1980). The children develop a sense of trust for their attachment figures as they grow older and do not require the close proximity. Depending on the responsiveness that the early caregivers have, some working and cognitive models of representation of the individual and their romantic partners develop. The internal working models developed are important in examining how psychology and psychiatry works (Barone, 2003).

In adulthood, the feelings of attachment arise from a sense of belonging and the security from the attachment figures. Judging of attachment in the adult lives depends generally on how we conceptualize the adult attachment. There are two branches of the attachment theory for adults, romantic theory and parenting (Bowlby, 1980).

The parenting tradition was from the study on adult attachment which plays a part on the parenting traits and describes the patterns of parenting in young children. In relation to attachment, this parenting theory looks at the representations of the current areas of their childhood ties with the...

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