AP Euro Block 2 Odd
Using examples from at least three (3) different states, analyze the key features of the “new monarchies” and the factors responsible for their rise in the period 1450 to 1550.
During the middle of the 15th century, Europe was in a time of war and fuedalism. Many European states had a weak central government and needed strong rulers to reestablish order. Several leaders emerged during this time period and helped form the type of government that is now known as a monarchy, thus they earned the name “new monarchies.” There were several factors that helped these leaders rise. Most of the “new monarchies” that arose during 1450 to 1550 used ...view middle of the document...
Because the war caused tension between two of the most powerful families, Henry later married Elizabeth of York to ease the tensions.
Once Henry gained the crown, he altered several of England’s political features, to increase his monarchy’s power and stability. Because England was just changing from feudalism to a monarchy, many of the nobles still had power to compete with the king. To gain an advantage over the nobles, Henry prohibited “livery and maintenance”. This meant that nobles were no longer able to maintain private armies, substantially weakening there power. In order to enforce this, and his other laws, King Henry used Justices of the Peace. Also, Henry utilized the Star Chamber, which acted as a royal council and helped bring peace to his kingdom. One of his best decisions was to keep England out of costly, foreign wars. This helped England loss less money and helping it become fiscally stable. Furthermore, this decision made it so Henry did not have to ask Parliament for money, decreasing the nobles’ say and power in the government. These key features of King Henry VII’s monarchy helped him maintain his rule over England.
In France, the “new monarchy” was led by Louis XI. When Louis came to power, he was able to expand French boundaries. He gained land in northern France and was able to force the English out of Normandy. Also at the time of his rule there was an alliance of nobles called The League of the Public Weal. They were angry with Louis for centralizing the France government and taking away their power. Louis responded to this by appeasing some of the...