Ap History Of Art Essay

2102 words - 9 pages

AP History of Art
Unit Six:

THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY


Unit Six: Sixteenth Century STUDENT NOTES
HIGH RENAISSANCE
Leonardo da Vinci. Virgin of the Rocks, c. 1485, oil on wood
• Leonardo da Vinci
• the “Renaissance” man
• pyramidal configuration
• interlocking gestures
• chiaroscuro and sfumato
• atmospheric perspective
Leonardo da Vinci. Cartoon for the Virgin and Child
with St. Anne and the Infant St. John, 1498, charcoal
heightened with white on brown paper
• cartoon
• stable without being static
Leonardo da Vinci. The Last Supper,
c. 1495-98, oil and tempera on ...view middle of the document...

classical calm
• reinterpretation of classical antiquity
• emphasis on the hands
Michelangelo. Moses, c. 1513-15, marble
• Michelangelo’s tomb for Julius II
• expression of wrath building up
• a head with horns
• istoria
Michelangelo. Dying Slave, 1513-16, marble
• liberating the figure
• references to a tortured soul
Unit Six: Sixteenth Century STUDENT NOTES
• influence of the Laocoon group
Michelangelo. Ceiling of the Sistine
Chapel (Rome) 1508-12, fresco
• Humanistic interpretation of the story of Creation
• body as the manifestation of a state of mind
• sculptural treatment of the figures
• woman in the role of a temptress
• youthful ignudi
• 300 preliminary drawings made
• a difficult task for a difficult patron
• symbolic acorns
• an architectural framework
Michelangleo. Medici Chapel,
San Lorenzo (Florence) 1519-34
• Giuliano de’Medici
• Lorenzo de’Medici
• ascent of the soul through the Neo-Platonic universe
• references to day and night
• unification of architecture and sculpture
• nonfinito
Michelangelo. The Last Judgment,
Sistine Chapel (Rome) 1534-41
• Counter-Catholic Reformation
• preoccupation with the fate of humanity
• figures of the damned and a vengeful Christ
• depiction of martyrs and instruments of the Passion
• aspiration for beauty and the ideal betrayed
• a cacophony and two open books
• self-portrait in the skin of St. Bartholomew
Unit Six: Sixteenth Century STUDENT NOTES
Michelangelo. Campidoglio (or Capitoline Hill)
(Rome) designed c. 1537
• Capitoline Hill
• architecture’s relationship to the nude
• use of oval and trapezoidal designs
• balance between the static and the dynamic
• statue of Marcus Aurelius
• use of the giant (colossal) order
Raphael. School of Athens,
1509-1511, fresco
• Raphael
• Julius II
• stanze
• sculptural quality of the figures
• Apollo and Minerva
• Plato’s side
• Alexander the Great and Socrates
• Epicurus
• Pythagoras
• Michelangelo as Heraclitus
• Aristotle’s side
• Diogenes the dog
• Euclid
• Raphael’s self-portrait
• Ptolemy
Raphael. Galatea, Sala di Galatea, Villa Franesina (Rome) 1513, fresco
• Galatea
• vigorous motion

Unit Six: Sixteenth Century STUDENT NOTES
Raphael. Baldassare Castiglione, c. 1514,
oil on wood transferred to canvas
• Count Baldassare Castiglione
• Book of the Courtier
• muted and low-keyed three-quarter view
• expression of the love of beauty
• riposo

MANNERISM
Antonio Allegri da Correggio. Assumption of the Virgin,
dome fresco of Parma Cathedral, 1526-1530
• Correggio
• di sotto in su painting
• spiral motion anticipating the Baroque
Jacopo da Pontormo. Descent from the Cross,
1525-8, oil on wood
• Jacopo da Pontormo
• ambiguous use of space
• elongated figures and acidic color
Parmigianino. Madonna with the...

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