A Style Guide for ED795A Papers
San Diego State University
A Style Guide for ED795A Papers
Statement of the problem
Briefly describe the problem that your study is designed to address.
Purpose of the study
Briefly explain why this research project is being undertaken.
Research questions (or objectives or hypotheses)
Briefly state the research questions that this study addresses. Indicate your major hypothesis: what do you expect the results of your inquiry to reveal?
Your hypotheses about how the independent and dependent variables in your study are related to each other should be based upon a ...view middle of the document...
Point out overall trends in what has been published about the topic; or conflicts in theory, methodology, evidence, and conclusions; or gaps in research and scholarship; or a single problem or new perspective of immediate interest. Establish your reason (point of view) for reviewing the literature; explain the criteria to be used in analyzing and comparing literature and the organization of the review (sequence); and, when necessary, state why certain literature is or is not included (scope).
Previous related research on the independent variable(s)
Major issues. Group research studies and other types of literature (reviews, theoretical articles, case studies, etc.) according to common denominators such as qualitative versus quantitative approaches, conclusions of authors, specific purpose or objective, chronology, etc.
Major studies. Summarize individual studies or articles with as much or as little detail as each merits according to its comparative importance in the literature, remembering that space (length) denotes significance. Provide the reader with strong "umbrella" sentences at beginnings of paragraphs, "signposts" throughout, and brief "so what" summary sentences at intermediate points in the review to aid in understanding comparisons and analyses.
Previous related research on the dependent variable(s)
Organize this section like the one above, focusing on research about the dependent variable(s) in your study.
Previous related research linking the independent variable(s) to the dependent variable(s) If you have been able to find related literature that links the independent and dependent variable(s) considered in your study, indicate what is known about that linkage.
Summary of the related literature
Summarize major contributions of significant studies and articles to the body of knowledge under review, maintaining the focus established in the introduction. Evaluate the current "state of the art" for the body of knowledge reviewed, pointing out major methodological flaws or gaps in research, inconsistencies in theory and findings, and areas or issues pertinent to future study. Conclude by providing some insight into the relationship between the central topic of the literature review and the research project you are pursuing.
In this section, describe your research design. Does the design fit one of the established models for experimental or quasi-experimental research? (Describe the design; don’t just indicate the “model number.” Is it a correlational study or an ex post facto design? Tell about the design itself and your justification for using it. In what ways, for example, does your...