This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Appeasement Essay

4267 words - 18 pages


The task of explaining why appeasement, has been continuously addressed by historians over the years. To date, there is still no single cause identified. Nonetheless there is however a general consensus amongst historians that the frightful events of world war one, distilled a sense of fear and regret amongst British society, and consequently Britain strived to prevent any future war, through whatever means necessary. In the aftermath of World War 1, lay a mutual understanding between the British government and society that never again should a catastrophe such as World War 1 occur, it was described as the "war to end all wars" reinforcing the view that it was a ...view middle of the document...

Appeasement can be defined as " a disposition to avoid conflict by judicious concession and negotiation". Neville Chamberlain noted that the British public would not wish nor accept another war.

Therefore the British government sought to follow a policy of appeasement. However, everyone did not share the acceptance of the policy of appeasement. Looking on with hindsight many historians have condemned the actions of Chamberlain and his government.
Especially the Liberal party of the time who were the most consistant critics of the policy. As it became evident that the policy of appeasement had failed in 1939 and that Britain would in fact go to war, the Liberal Leader Sir Archibald Sinclair expressed his feelings on the achievements of appeasement " We have eaten dirt in vain" This statement is clearly expressing the fact that Britain has tolerated the deceitful acts of Germany to no avail or successes. That the policy of appeasement was deemed to fail from the onset. Concluding that the policy was pointless as it only prolonged the inevitable. In order to make an informed conclusion to whether or not appeasement was the correct policy to pursue, it is essential to look at the events and debates leading up to the out-break of world war 2. The system of collective security, which was in part demanded by the British Public, came in the form of The League Of Nations. This was to be a system in which international disputes between nations would be settled by negotiation.

The responsibility of the League was to act as an arbitrator in disputes between nations and to provide effective collective security against any form of military aggression.
There were mixed opinions towards the League. Alan Sharp had referred to the League of Nations as a "compromise agreement, which pleased none of the parties involved." It was also referred to by Marshall Foch, the military commander-in-chief of the allied armies at the end of the war as, "this is not peace. It is an armistice for twenty years".
These statements clearly show the harsh realities of the League. It was indeed a harsh peace, which did not completely satisfy the needs of all countries involved. Many feel it was essentially an opportunity for France to impose harsh repercussions on Germany for the destruction of her country. The main provisions of the League were The German army was to be limited to 100,000 and conscription banned. The navy was also to be reduced to a coastal force and the building of submarines and battleships were forbidden so too, was a German air force. She was also to lose European territory including Alsace-Lorraine, Eupen, Malmedy, North Schleswig, West Prussia, Poznania, and parts of Upper Silesia and Memel, and all her non-European colonies were to be placed under the control of the League of Nations. The Saar coalmining region was to be placed under the leagues control until 1935 and all foreign currency and gold was to be confiscated. A union with Austria was...

Other Essays Like Appeasement

The Many Causes of WWII Essay

501 words - 3 pages the Treaty of Versailles. Due to the horrific memories of World War 1, the British and the French decided to assemble a policy of appeasement, hoping that Hitler would eventually be satisfied. After Germany moved troops into the Rhineland, it claimed some of the three million German-speaking people in the Sudetenland (on the German boarder of Czechoslovakia) were being prosecuted. This lead to Britain and France under the policy of appeasement

Why Did War Break Out in 1939?

882 words - 4 pages more than one hundred thousand men, however in 1935 the Nazi’s stopped hiding these plans. Then in the year 1936 Hitler brought in Conscription. This meant that Hitler had a bigger army then Britain which allowed him to take over the Rhineland and this led to appeasement. Appeasement was another big factor as it gave Hitler encouragement to take more and more land. Chamberlain had hated the horrors of losing so many men during the First World

What Caused Ww2

1240 words - 5 pages were weary and did not want another war. When countries such as Italy and Germany became aggressive and began to take over their neighbors and build up their armies, countries such as Britain and France hoped to keep peace through "appeasement." Appeasement means giving in to someone provided their demands are seen as reasonable. During the 1930s, many politicians in both Britain and France came to see that the terms of the Treaty of Versailles had


1443 words - 6 pages and princes: 2, 3, 8, 9 Religious influences: 1, 3, 4, 6 End to Serfdom: 2, 3, 4RESPONSESCondemnation : 1, 7, 8, 10, 11, 12 Riots/plundering : 5, 6, 7, 11 Peasants' responses : 2, 3, 6 Empathy: 2, 5, 9Towns' responses : 4, 5, 9 Nobles' responses : 4, 5, 9 Lay religious figures/favorable responses : 2, 6 Favorable : 2, 3, 6, 9Religious authorities/negative responses: 5, 7, 8 Appeasement : 4, 10, 11 Unfavorable: 1, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12EXPANDED

Paradox of Our Age

883 words - 4 pages , but learn less; plan more, but accomplish less; we make faster planes, but longer lines; we learned to rush, but not to wait; we have more weapons, but less peace; higher incomes, but lower morals; more parties, but less fun; more food, but less appeasement; more acquaintances, but fewer friends; more effort, but less success. We build more computers to hold more information, to produce more copies than ever, but have less communication; drive

Winston Churchill and His Impact on Wwii

1308 words - 6 pages appeasement and the totalitarian attacks against democracy would eventually carry him to political greatness. Throughout most of the 1930’s however Britain was distracted with Imperial issues namely the India Bill, as well as the economic collapse in 1931, rather than the growing military crisis and loomed. Churchill continually spoke in the Commons about the growing strength and Germany’s forces and he was particularly alarmed when Germany

Compromising Toward Chaos

1693 words - 7 pages presidents who preceded the Civil War are repeatedly cited as some of the worse in history. It is my belief that Millard Fillmore not only set the path toward failure, he also pursued a policy of appeasement that would carry on right to the Civil War’s beginning. Millard Fillmore’s presidency could be reduced to a belief that “all this man did along with Senator Douglas was appease the southern slave interest time and time again with the Compromise

Two Extraordinary Leaders Of 1938-1945 Germany And How They Used Propaganda To Rule World War II

1130 words - 5 pages appeasement. They hoped that by making concessions to Hitler, war would be avoided. They also held on to the illusion that Hitler was, once again, Europe's best defense against Soviet Russia. Even with Mein Kampf in their hands, they failed to understand Hitler's foreign policy aims. Hitler could be reasoned with, they argued. Meanwhile, Germany grew stronger and the German people began to look to Hitler as their messiah."The Nazi empire was created

World War Two – Europe and the Pacific

701 words - 3 pages Europe). Its effects were to undermine the credibility of the League of Nations and to encourage Fascist Italy to ally itself with Nazi Germany. 4. The League of Nations had failed because World War II happened meaning the purpose of the League of Nation to avoid any future war had failed. 5. Appeasement means to settle quarrels through negotiation between the involved countries. 6. The Anschluss of 1938 was the de facto annexation of

Why Did the Second World War Break Out?

835 words - 4 pages the Rhineland and Sudetenland, and his betrayal of the Munich agreement and the treaty of Versailles that lead to Britain having no choice but to try and stop Hitler. I think a further point to make is that appeasement could be also the blame for world war two, however it is what everyone at the time wanted so it should not be blamed, even though war could have been stopped if someone had stepped up to Hitler in time. Another point to make is that

Was Hitler Primarily Responsible for the Outbreak of the Second World War

895 words - 4 pages other countries or the appeasement policy of Britain and France. The Second World War was nearly inevitable as long as he’s in power. However, although Hitler’s ambition and invasion to other country was a major cause that directly sparked off the Second World, he wasn’t solely responsible for the outbreak of the Second World War because it’s the Treaty of Versailles which provided favourable conditions for the rise of Hitler who came in strong

Related Papers

Was The Policy Of Appeasement Justified?

891 words - 4 pages There are two opinions that histories have, when dealing with this question. Some historians say that the appeasement wasn't justified and that Chamberlain was a weak person while of the other hand some say that Chamberlain didn't have any other chose. There are a number of reasons that support both of the sides.Appeasement was justified in a few ways, sympathy for Germany, the desire for peace, the threat of communism and the time to rearm. All

Appeasement In The 30s How It Directly Led To The Second World War

1671 words - 7 pages Appeasement was a diplomatic policy which tried to solve the issues between two countries by negotiating instead of using military force. Hitler was appeased by Britain and France more than twice: when Hitler rearmed the German army in March 1935 he broke the treaty of Versailles, and France and Britain appeased him by letting him enforce his army because they were convinced that the treaty of Versailles had been too harsh on Germany. About a

The Widespread Public Revulsion To The Horrors Of War Explains Britain's Policy Of Appeasement In The Years 1933 37

1063 words - 5 pages 'The widespread public revulsion to the horrors of war explains Britain's policy of appeasement in the years 1933-37.' How far do you agree with this opinion? (June 2012) The widespread public revulsion to the horrors of war is a factor for Britain's policy of appeasement in the years 1933-37. However, there are other reasons that contribute to their policy of appeasement such as their economic difficulties, their lack of allies, the fear of

The Cause Of World War Ii

487 words - 2 pages Why was the world plunged into WWII in 1939, what is the most effective response to aggression, appeasement, or collective security?The 1920s began with a favorable outlook for peace, however towards the end of the decade, clouds of war began to form. Aggressors began to take charge and strong feelings of nationalism arose. Fascist leaders such as Benito Mussolini of Italy and Adolf Hitler of Germany also helped lead Europe into the outbreak of