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Architecture & Society Essay

2836 words - 12 pages

Society & Architectural Design

Architecture is defined as the complex or carefully designed structure of an object. In this case architecture can apply to a variety of different examples that are not just buildings, or objects, but as a reflection upon the thoughts and ideas of the time period in history. In this essay I will be discussing the dramatic impact that architecture has had on the major civilizations throughout time by being able to display them in their works, which not only was a clear representation of the time but as well helped mold and solidify the society’s thoughts through expression. By taking examples from ancient to modern times I will examine how the ...view middle of the document...

Even though there is no select architect for this time period, we could think of the pharaohs & rulers of these kingdoms as the intellectual think tanks behind the amazing structures that have been left behind.

Features of Ancient Structures:
* Symmetrical stone design
* Large based platforms & columns
* Religious structures
* Stone & Sand carvings and sculptures
* Great use of size and basic shapes

In Smith Stevenson’s book The Art and Architecture of Ancient Egypt, he discusses how the massive structures that were built during this time period was a result of the religious and governing styles of the time. By examining the pyramids, Stevenson tells us “The pyramids were built not only to demonstrate the spectacular power of the Egyptian superpower, but as a symbol to their gods.” “The foundational, rise of the pyramids was to resemble the structure of power within Egyptian society.” By this exert Smith is explaining how the pyramids were built to reflect upon the might of the Pharaoh and their kingdom which helps solidify the idea that these massive structures were generated from the leaders of the time. Egypt has several astounding structures such as the Sphinx, which was built as homage to one of their many gods. The Sphinx is the perfect example of how Egyptian architecture was reflected by design, again going to Smith “The Egyptian sphinx was said to reflect the mighty power exuberated by the Pharaoh.” The massive labor in which was used to construct these amazing structures paved the way for future leaders to use the valuable resource of vast amounts of expendable labor to later construct several more architectural masterpieces. But more so than just that the Ancient time period of Architecture led the way for religion and rule to be the leading motivators in architectural design.

Renaissance Period :
Before the dawn of the Renaissance, Europe was dominated by asymmetrical and ornate Gothic architecture. During the Renaissance, however, architects were inspired by the highly symmetrical and carefully proportioned buildings of Classical Greece, Rome & Egypt. The renaissance period gave way to a rapid development in creativity in expression through architecture. Though following symmetrical standards the great architects during the renaissance period were able to create imaginative designs full of expression in the arts and sciences, this again supporting the thesis by having these architectural designs lead the way, adapt, and pioneer a new mode of expression through culture and the thoughts of society.

Features of Renaissance Buildings:
* Symmetrical arrangement of windows and doors
* Extensive use of Classical columns and pilasters
* Triangular pediments
* Square lintels
* Arches
* Domes
* Art integrated
* Religious sculptures
In Andrew Hopkins Book Italian Architecture “From Michelangelo to Borromini” Hopkins paves the way into understanding the...

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