Argentina Essay

1895 words - 8 pages

i) The United Nations
The United Nations is an international organization instituted with a visionary goal and objective of promoting world peace, security, and cooperation under the terms of the Charter, signed by member countries. Established in 1945 by 51 founding states, the institution has its headquarters at New York City. The focal point of the organization is focus on affairs of the government, politics, and diplomacy worldwide, and encompasses economic and social development programs. Implementation of these development schemes works to improve human rights and ...view middle of the document...

Its aging structure has struggled with new threats like Ebola and terrorist groups that control large areas of its member countries. U.N. members have been discussing change for decades, but agreement has proven impossible because of competing interests. As it approaches its 70th anniversary next year, here are five problems facing the United Nations.

a) Outdated Structure and Composition of the UNSC
The same five countries — the victors of World War II — have been the power players since 1945: the United States, Russia, China, Britain and France. They are the only permanent members of the powerful, 15-seat Security Council. These five permanent states enjoy an exclusive right to singlehandedly veto any resolution proposed. The veto power has led to near-paralysis at the council on some major crises like Syria and Ukraine, Rwnda in 1994 as wellas Darfur in 2004. Critics say the Council simply doesn’t represent the world today. At its inception, the U.N. had 51 member states. It now has 193, many of them clamoring for more clout. Often mentioned as countries deserving of permanent Security Council seats are Germany, Japan, India, South Africa, Nigeria and Brazil. But there are no signs the big five intend to give up any power or share it with more countries. This leads to the conclusion that the Council is unfairly represented and it sovereignty unbalanced.
b) The Security Council and Expanding Constraints Within Peacekeeping
The unprecedented growth in peacekeeping operations has meant unprecedented challenges. The UNSC is at a critical juncture because of the scale of engagement, deteriorating conditions, the increasing complexity of mandates and the growing constraints on our resources. A number of its missions face risks that are so significant that there is a potential for mission failure, with terrible consequences for the entire United Nations. Today’s UN operations do much more than just observe cease-fires. They provide security and access so that humanitarian aid can reach the sick, the hungry, and the desperate. They help protect vulnerable civilians and create conditions that will allow refugees to return home. The UN is being asked to take on harder, riskier operations—often without the support it needs from member states. The Security Council has recently given some very ambitious mandates to peacekeeping operations in Africa’s vast and populous territories with limited infrastructure, faltering peace processes, ongoing hostilities, and uncooperative host governments such as Somalia.
c) Increasing Demands and Number of Troops
The U.N. is almost constantly asking its member states to contribute troops for its far-flung peacekeeping missions, currently numbering 16. The number of peacekeepers has risen to a record 130,000 — compared to 11,000 at the end of the Cold War — but the system is under severe strain. More than 100 peacekeepers have died this year and dozens have been...

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