Argument For Animal Rights Essay

2122 words - 9 pages

Argument for Animal Rights

Ever since the society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals in England in 1824 was formed, there have been long running debates on the topic of animal rights. The first societies were formed to protect and maintain humane treatment of work animals, such as horses, cattle, and house hold pets. Towards the end of the nineteenth century more organizations were formed, this time to protest the use of animals in scientific experimentation. Today groups such as People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) have continued these traditional fights as well as adding new agendas.

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90% of all slaughtered animals are raised in confinement (Krizmanic, 37). At these "farms", nine million chickens, turkeys, pig calves, and cows are slaughtered every day (Robins, NA), so that most of the United States' meat, milk, and eggs come from intensive confinement factory farms (Sequoia, 45). These animals are not just raised on animal feed alone. Animals are immobilized by machines and transported on assembly lines into darkened factories, to be injected with many toxic substances (Sequoia, 45), including antibiotics and hormones to make them grow faster and meatier (Krizmanic, 37). 40% to 50% of the antibiotics used in the United States are given to these animals without medical supervision (Sequoia, 46). In the actual feed there are fungicides, recycled wastes, and insecticides (Sequoia, 46), and even steroids have started becoming the norm (Fox, 25).

Every year, 85% of four million acres of topsoil is lost because of raising livestock (Sequoia, 47). So many animals are concentrated on the farms that animal wastes are a major source of ground water pollution, air pollution, and contribute to global warming (Sequoia, 47). The intensive farming also uses immense amounts of energy resources (Kamrin, NA). Intensive agriculture takes a big toll on the rainforest. A total of 260 million acres of oxygen producing tress have been cut down for a meat-centered diet (Sequoia, 47). Rainforests that can absorb global warming carbon dioxide are being cleared, and cattle are moving in (Karmin, NA), which is pushing many rainforest inhabitants toward extinction. There are a large number of people who are opposed to a major chance in their meat eating lifestyle for reason of tradition, health, and ridicule from other meat eaters. Humans are made to be omnivores, as we have teeth to eat meat, grains, and vegetables. Though we do not deny that fact, people for animal rights have a problem with how the meat is raised and brutally slaughtered for our personal enjoyment. There are many victims of deception in the food industry. Factory farms are unsanitary and downright unsafe and they perform many violations of animal rights and USDA policies. This industry is extremely dirty.

Research on animals is important in understanding diseases and developing ways to prevent them. The polio vaccine, kidney transplants, and heart surgery techniques have all been developed with the help of animal research. Through increased efforts by the scientific community, effective treatments for diabetes, diphtheria, and other diseases have been developed with animal testing (Bioethics, 148). There are many reasons given for it to be necessary to work with animals in research. First scientists must be able to test medical treatments for effectiveness and drugs for their toxicity before being tested on humans. Also new surgical techniques before being used on humans must be tested on living things with circulatory and pulmonary systems like ours. “No computer models,...

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